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EnTec: School of Engineering + Technology Miami Dade College

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Poe Consortium for Integrating Energy Systems in Engineering and Science Education (CIESESE) presentation

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EnTec: School of Engineering + Technology Miami Dade College

  1. 1. EnTec: School of Engineering + Technology Miami Dade College Engineering Programs Focus: BS Electronics Engineering Technology Dr. Djuradj Babic Dr. James Poe School of Engineering + Technology Miami Dade College
  2. 2. 1. Introduction What characteristics make a great engineer? Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 2 1. Good at math 2. Good with computers 3. Good at solving problems
  3. 3. 1. Introduction What characteristics make a great engineer? Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 3 1. Creativity 2. Curiosity 3. Analytical Skills
  4. 4. 1. Introduction How does the traditional university model recruit and retain creative, curious, problem solvers? 1. Calculus I ( 1 semester) 2. Calculus II ( 1 semester ) 3. Differential Equations (1 semester) Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 4 -3. Developmental Math (1-4 semesters) -2. College Algebra (1 semester) -1. Trigonometry (0.5 – 1 semester) 0. Pre-Calculus (0.5 – 1 semester) Over 95% of Miami Dade College Associate of Arts students won’t see core engineering curriculum for at least three years!
  5. 5. 2. Motivation Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 5 [1] NSF Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/
  6. 6. 2. Motivation • Undergraduate attrition out of engineering was greater than transfers into this field • 10% of engineering majors switched to mathematics or physical or computer sciences majors • The number of engineering bachelor’s degrees earned by underrepresented minorities has remained nearly constant since 1998 (12.4% even though underrepresented minorities account for 27.6 % of the population) Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 6
  7. 7. Presentation Outline 1. Introduction 2. Motivation 3. Theories of Learning 4. Miami Dade College 5. Degree Structure 6. Spiral Course Sequencing 7. Course Structure 8. Benefits Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 7
  8. 8. 3. Theories of Learning Why is it so difficult to recruit and retain engineers? Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 8 • Deep Math Critical Path – In a typical EE degree, there are four to six math courses before first core EE course – If a student fails a math course, it completely halts progress – Issue exacerbated at most community colleges, who disproportionately serve underrepresented groups
  9. 9. 3. Theories of Learning Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 9 • Additional Problems with Math Critical Path: – Projects an inaccurate and often negative view of the engineering discipline/profession – May reinforce ‘just plug into equation’ mentality – Reduces student retention of material – By separating the math from the application, students tend to forget the material
  10. 10. 3. Theories of Learning Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 10 • There has been relatively little evolution in basic EE core curriculum. • The calculus sequence/differential equations prerequisite for first year core engineering courses has been static for decades, and is almost universal. Does it have to be?
  11. 11. 3. Theories of Learning Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 11 Jerome Bruner’s Spiral Learning Theory [3] “one of the most important and influential works on education” – Readiness for learning - any subject can be taught at any stage of development in a way that fit the person's cognitive abilities – Spiral curriculum - revisiting basic ideas over and over, building upon them and elaborating to the level of full understanding and mastery Curricula should be designed to foster such early intuitions and then build on them in increasingly formal and abstract ways as education progresses.
  12. 12. 4. Miami Dade College • Miami Dade College – Founded as Dade Junior College in 1959 – Eight Campuses, Twenty-one Outreach Centers – Largest public higher education institute in the United States Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 12
  13. 13. 4. Miami Dade College • Miami Dade College – Over 160,000 students Hispanic: 68% Black: 19% White: 9% Other: 4% – 51% First generation college student – 52% Work more than 20 hours a week Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 13
  14. 14. 4. Miami Dade College • Miami Dade College – Transitioned to a four year college in 2003 – Currently offers ten bachelor degrees Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 14
  15. 15. 4. Miami Dade College • Engineering Department – Traditional Associate of Arts (AA) degrees in engineering – Associate of Science (AS): – Electronics Engineering Technology (EET) – Computer Engineering Technology (CET) – Industrial Engineering Technology (IET) (New 2017!) – Bachelor of Science (BS): – Electronics Engineering Technology Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 15
  16. 16. 5. Degree Structure Goals during development of EET BS degree: 1. Provide a pathway for AS in CET/EET to transition to BS in Electronics Engineering Technology (EET) 2. Integrate techniques from Bruner’s Spiral Learning Theory 3. Provide early practical experience, later abstract experience 4. Gradual ramp-up into upper division instead of traditional step-function 5. Rearrange curriculum based on math progression, not the other way around! Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 16
  17. 17. 5. Degree Structure Degree Structure: • “Just in Time” mathematics approach ‒ Bring in math as needed, where applied • Begin with a practical and applied AS ‒ Algebra and trigonometry based • Transfer into analytical and applied BS ‒ Calculus and differential equations based Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 17 BS in EET AS EET AS CET AA (not ideal)
  18. 18. 5. Degree Structure Circuit Analysis Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 18 Digital Design Electronics
  19. 19. First Semester • Direct Current Circuits • C for Engineers • (College Algebra) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 19 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  20. 20. Second Semester • Digital Circuits • Alternating Circuits • (Trigonometry) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 20 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  21. 21. Third Semester • Advanced Digital • Electronics I • (Pre-Calculus) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 21 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  22. 22. Fourth Semester • Digital Communications • Electronics II • Microprocessors 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 22 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  23. 23. Fifth Semester • Analog Communications • Power Systems • Engineering Economy 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 23 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  24. 24. Sixth Semester • ECE Elective • (e.g. electronic security) • (Calculus I) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 24 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  25. 25. Seventh Semester • Computer Architecture • Programmable Logic Controllers • (Calculus II) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 25 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  26. 26. Eighth Semester • Advanced Systems Analysis • Applied DSP • (Differential Equations) 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 26 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  27. 27. Ninth Semester • Linear Integrated Circuits • Senior Design I • Signals and Systems 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 27 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  28. 28. Tenth Semester • Applied Robotics • Senior Design II • Feedback Control Systems 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 28 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  29. 29. 6. Spiral Course Sequencing Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 29 Circuit Analysis Digital Design Electronics
  30. 30. 7. Course Structure • Combined Lecture-Lab – Same professor as the Lecture portion – Twice the time with the student • Focus on Experiential Learning [4] – 75% of ECE courses are lab based – Labs are designed by our Full-time Faculty Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 30
  31. 31. 7. Course Structure • Active Learning [5] – Lectures are conducted using active learning techniques • Heavily Project Based – Students are challenged with design projects – Enhanced Discovery Based-Learning – prepare students first through direct methods, then give students a discovery task [6] Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 31
  32. 32. 8. Benefits We believe this approach provides the following benefits: 1. Longer duration of engineering focused education 2. Repetition of curriculum, at increasing depths 3. More inclusive, with better retention 4. Less time spent reviewing prerequisites 5. Improved performance/retention of math courses 6. Reduced time to meeting goals/milestones 7. Better understanding of both theory and application Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 32
  33. 33. 8. Recent Grads Our first 3 years of BS graduates can now be found at: Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 33
  34. 34. Questions? Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 34
  35. 35. References • [1] NSF Science and Engineering Indicators 2012, http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/seind12/ • [2] Bureau of Labor Statistics Occupational Outlook Handbook, http://www.bls.gov/ooh/ • [3] Bruner, J. (1960). The Process of Education. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press • [4] Itin, C. M. (1999). Reasserting the Philosophy of Experiential Education as a Vehicle for Change in the 21st Century. The Journal of Experiential Education,.22(2), 91-98. • [5] Prince, M. (2004). Does Active Learning Work? A Review of the Research. Journal of Engineering Education, 93(3), 223-232. • [6] Marzano Robert J. (2007) The Art and Science of Teaching: A Comprehensive Framework for Effective Instruction. Alexandria, Va.: ASCD. Sandia CIESESE Visit / December 12, 2016 / Dr. James Poe 35

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