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National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)

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NATIONAL INSTITUTE
OF NUTRITION (NIN)
Ms. SAHELI C
LECTURER
IACN
INTRODUCTION
• National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) was founded by Sir
Robert Mc Carrison in the year 1918 as ‘Beri- Beri’
Enquiry unit in a single room laboratory at the Pasteur
Institute, Coonoor, Tamil NADU.
• Within a short span of 7 years, this unit blossomed into a
‘deficiency Disease Enquiry’ and later in 1928, emerged
as full fledged ‘nutrition Research Laboratories’ (NRL)
with Dr. Mc Carrison as its first Director.
• It was shifted to Hyderabad in 1958.
• At the time of its golden jubilee in 1969, it was renamed as
National Institute of Nutrition (NIN).
• The following centres also started functioning at NIN in
later years:
1. Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre (FDTRC) in
1971.
2. National nutrition monitoring Bureau (NNMB) in 1972
3. National Centre for Laboratory Animal Sciences (NCLAS)
in 1976.
OBJECTIVES
• To identify various dietary and nutrition
problems prevalent among different segments
of the population in the country.
• To continuously monitor diet and nutritional
situation of the country.
• To evolve effective methods of management
and prevention of nutritional problems.
• To conduct operational research connected
with planning and implementation of national
nutrition programmes.
• To do nutritional research with other health
programmes of the Government.
• Human resource development in the field of
nutrition.
• To disseminate nutrition information.
• To advice government and other organizations
on issues relating to nutrition.
ACHIEVEMENTS
1. Protein energy malnutrition (PEM)
2. Growth monitoring.
3. Food composition and dietary requirements.
4. Food based approach to combat micronutrient
deficiencies.
5. National nutrition surveillance system (NSS)
6. National nutrition programme.
7. Human resource development.
8. Other achievements.

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National Institute of Nutrition (NIN)

  • 1. NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF NUTRITION (NIN) Ms. SAHELI C LECTURER IACN
  • 2. INTRODUCTION • National Institute of Nutrition (NIN) was founded by Sir Robert Mc Carrison in the year 1918 as ‘Beri- Beri’ Enquiry unit in a single room laboratory at the Pasteur Institute, Coonoor, Tamil NADU. • Within a short span of 7 years, this unit blossomed into a ‘deficiency Disease Enquiry’ and later in 1928, emerged as full fledged ‘nutrition Research Laboratories’ (NRL) with Dr. Mc Carrison as its first Director.
  • 3. • It was shifted to Hyderabad in 1958. • At the time of its golden jubilee in 1969, it was renamed as National Institute of Nutrition (NIN). • The following centres also started functioning at NIN in later years: 1. Food and Drug Toxicology Research Centre (FDTRC) in 1971. 2. National nutrition monitoring Bureau (NNMB) in 1972 3. National Centre for Laboratory Animal Sciences (NCLAS) in 1976.
  • 4. OBJECTIVES • To identify various dietary and nutrition problems prevalent among different segments of the population in the country. • To continuously monitor diet and nutritional situation of the country. • To evolve effective methods of management and prevention of nutritional problems.
  • 5. • To conduct operational research connected with planning and implementation of national nutrition programmes. • To do nutritional research with other health programmes of the Government. • Human resource development in the field of nutrition. • To disseminate nutrition information. • To advice government and other organizations on issues relating to nutrition.
  • 6. ACHIEVEMENTS 1. Protein energy malnutrition (PEM) 2. Growth monitoring. 3. Food composition and dietary requirements. 4. Food based approach to combat micronutrient deficiencies. 5. National nutrition surveillance system (NSS) 6. National nutrition programme. 7. Human resource development. 8. Other achievements.
  • 7. 1. Protein Energy Malnutrition • Exploded the ‘protein myth’ and highlighted ‘calorie gap’ as the major bottleneck for healthy growth of children. • This observation helped in deciding the recipes for supplementary feeding programmes for vulnerable groups. • Developed simple and sensitive biochemical indicators for assessment of vitamin and other nutritional deficiency.
  • 8. 2. Growth monitoring • Established growth norms for Indian children. • Emphasized the importance of growth monitoring for early diagnosis and appropriate management of protein energy malnutrition. • Proved that the growth potential of Indian children is similar to those of developed countries.
  • 9. 3. FOOD COMPOSITION AND DIETARY REQUIREMENTS. • Generated database on nutritive values over 650 Indian foods, which is used by various national organizations, planners and academic research institutions. • Formulated Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for Indians. • Developed food based dietary guidelines for Indians. • Paid the attention on formulation of national policies on food, agriculture and edible oils.
  • 10. 4. Food based approach to combat micronutrient deficiencies • Developed fortification methods with iron and iodine for prevention of IDA and IDD. • Demonstrated its beneficial effects in preventing the reduction in Hb levels among girls. • Developed simple kits to check the content of Iron and Iodine in fortified salt.
  • 11. 5. National nutrition Surveillance system (NSS) • NIN developed national nutrition surveillance system to serve as an early warming system about nutrition problems. • NSS helps to initiate appropriate strategies to ensure optimal nutrition to the risk groups. • Helps to assess the extent of achievement of targets by providing in-built mechanism of evaluation against the targets.
  • 12. 6. National nutrition programmes • Initiated national prophylaxis programme against blindness due to Vitamin A deficiency, covering 30 million pre-school children in India. • Instrumental in formulation of national anaemia prophylaxis programme to supplement pregnant and lactating women and pre-school children. • Helped to improve nutritional status of pregnant and lactating women and birth weight of infants.
  • 13. 7. Human resource development • Trained over 1600 health professionals from 35 countries. • 150 candidates obtained Ph. D/ MD degrees from various universities. • International agencies such as WHO and FAO recognized NIN as a Centre for excellence in food quality, safety and nutrition.
  • 14. 8. Other achievements • NIN scientists received national and international awards for their research contributions. • Published over 3000 scientific publications in peer reviewed national and international journals with high impact factors. • Publishes periodicals in different languages and over 20 popular publications on food health and nutrition.