Directory• Introduction• History of Chinas TV• China todays TV• Reference
Introduction• The television industry in the Peoples Republic of China includes high-tech program production, transmission and coverage. China Central Television is Chinas largest and most powerful national television station. By the nineteen eighties two thirds of people in China had access to television while today over 3,000 channels are available in the country.
History of Chinas TV----Origins• When the Peoples Republic was founded in 1949, the telecommunications systems and facilities in China were outdated and rudimentary, and many had been damaged or destroyed during the war years. Communications in China were established rapidly in the early 1950s. By 1952 the principal telecommunications network centered on Beijing, and links to all large cities had finally been established, also launching television broadcasts. The first national broadcasts began on May, 1, 1958, and Beijing Television (now China Central Television since 1978) was formally launched on September 2, 1958. A month later would see the launch of the first regional station, Shanghai Television, on the 9th PRC National Day, October 1, 1958. Liaoning Television would • May 1, 1958Chinas first television production site begin a year later, and in 1960 Zhejiang and Guandong provinces had their stations begin fulll broadcasts.
History of Chinas TV----OriginsGrowth in telecommunications halted with the generaleconomic collapse after the Great Leap Forward (1958–60)but revived in the 1960s: radio-television service was installedin major cities in these years. By 1965 there were 12 televisionstations in mainland China (compared to approximately 700conventional television stations and about 3,000 cablechannels today). Similarly, in 1978, there was less than onetelevision receiver per 100 people, and fewer than ten millionChinese had access to a television set (in 2003 there wereabout 35 TVs for every 100 people, and roughly a billionChinese had access to television); expansion andmodernization of the broadcasting systems continuedthroughout the late-1970s and early 1980s.
History of Chinas TV----After reform and opening upThe Ministry of Radio and Television was established as aseparate entity in 1982 to administer and upgrade thestatus of television and radio broadcasting. Subordinate tothis ministry were the Central Peoples BroadcastingStation, Radio Beijing, and China Central Television.Additionally, the various broadcasting training, talent-search, research, publishing, and manufacturingorganizations were brought under the control of the Ministryof Radio and Television. In 1986 responsibility for themovie industry was transferred from the Ministry of Cultureto the new Ministry of Radio, Cinema, and Television.
History of Chinas TV---2000sIn 2001, the Chinese government put forward agoal of promoting media amalgamation byestablishing trans-regional multi-media newsgroups. The State Administration of Radio, Film,and Television (SARFT), founded at the end of2001,By 2003, 30 overseas television networks,including Phoenix Television, BloombergTelevision, STAR TV, Eurosport, BBC World,CNBC,
TodayAltogether there are 3,000 television stations across thecountry. Large international TV expositions, including theShanghai Television Festival, Beijing InternationalTelevision Week, China Radio and Television Expositionand Sichuan Television Festival, are held on a regularbasis.Besides judging and conferring awards, these festivalsconduct academic exchange and the import and exportof TV programs. Shanghai has become the largesttelevision program trading market in Asia.Since China entered the World Trade Organization, thetrend within Chinas media industry is to form inter-mediaand trans-regional media groups operated with multiplepatterns so as to meet competition and challenges frompowerful overseas media groups.