Edward syndrome

7,185 views

Published on

Published in: Health & Medicine
  • Be the first to comment

Edward syndrome

  1. 1. EDWARD SYNDROME
  2. 2. EDWARD SYNDROME Also called TRISOMY 18
  3. 3. EDWARD SYNDROME Also called TRISOMY 18 ES is a chromosomal condition associated with abnormalities in many parts of the body. It result from having three copies of chromosome 18 instead of the usual two copies
  4. 4. EDWARD SYNDROME Also called TRISOMY 18 ES is a chromosomal condition associated with abnormalities in many parts of the body. It result from having three copies of chromosome 18 instead of the usual two copies It is named after John H. Edwards, who first described the syndrome in 1960
  5. 5. EDWARD SYNDROME Also called TRISOMY 18 ES is a chromosomal condition associated with abnormalities in many parts of the body. It result from having three copies of chromosome 18 instead of the usual two copies It is named after John H. Edwards, who first described the syndrome in 1960 ES occurs in around 1 in 6,000 live births and around 80% of those af fected are female
  6. 6. EDWARD SYNDROME The incidence increases as the mothers age increases
  7. 7. EDWARD SYNDROME The incidence increases as the mothers age increases The syndrome has a very low rate of sur vival.
  8. 8. EDWARD SYNDROME The incidence increases as the mothers age increases The syndrome has a very low rate of sur vival. Most cases of trisomy 18 are not inherited, but occur as random events during the formation of eggs and sperm. An error in cell division called nondisjunction results in a reproductive cell with an abnormal number of chromosomes
  9. 9. SYMPTOMS
  10. 10. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Appear both fragile and weak; many are under weight.
  11. 11. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Appear both fragile and weak; many are under weight. Their heads are unusually small
  12. 12. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Appear both fragile and weak; many are under weight. Their heads are unusually small Their ears are low -set and malformed, and their mouths and jaws are small
  13. 13. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Appear both fragile and weak; many are under weight. Their heads are unusually small Their ears are low -set and malformed, and their mouths and jaws are small Babies with the syndrome may experience a clef t palate or lip
  14. 14. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Appear both fragile and weak; many are under weight. Their heads are unusually small Their ears are low -set and malformed, and their mouths and jaws are small Babies with the syndrome may experience a clef t palate or lip Hands are often clenched into fists, with their index finger overlapping their other fingers
  15. 15. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Children with the syndrome can experience problems with their lungs and diaphragm, and blood vessels which are malformed.
  16. 16. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Children with the syndrome can experience problems with their lungs and diaphragm, and blood vessels which are malformed. They may present with a number of types of congenital heart disease.
  17. 17. EDWARD SYNDROME: SYMPTOMS Children with the syndrome can experience problems with their lungs and diaphragm, and blood vessels which are malformed. They may present with a number of types of congenital heart disease. They might also have an umbilical hernia, abnormalities of their urogenital system, malformed kidneys, or undescended testicles if they are male.
  18. 18. TREATMENT
  19. 19. EDWARD SYNDROME: TREATMENT Medical science has not found a cure for Edwards syndrome at this time. Babies with the syndrome commonly present with major physical abnormalities and doctors face hard choices in regards to their treatment
  20. 20. EDWARD SYNDROME: TREATMENT Medical science has not found a cure for Edwards syndrome at this time. Babies with the syndrome commonly present with major physical abnormalities and doctors face hard choices in regards to their treatment. Surgery can treat some of the issues related to the syndrome, yet extreme and invasive procedures might not be in the best interests of an infant whose lifespan could be measured in weeks or even days.
  21. 21. EDWARD SYNDROME: TREATMENT Medical science has not found a cure for Edwards syndrome at this time. Babies with the syndrome commonly present with major physical abnormalities and doctors face hard choices in regards to their treatment. Surgery can treat some of the issues related to the syndrome, yet extreme and invasive procedures might not be in the best interests of an infant whose lifespan could be measured in weeks or even days. Treatment today consists of palliative care
  22. 22. PROGNOSIS
  23. 23. EDWARD SYNDROME: PROGNOSIS The majority of children who are born with Edwards syndrome do not live past their first year of life. A pproximately 90 to 95% of these children die prior to their first birthday. The 5 - 10% of children who do survive their first year experience severe developmental disabilities.
  24. 24. EDWARD SYNDROME: PROGNOSIS The majority of children who are born with Edwards syndrome do not live past their first year of life. Approximately 90 to 95% of these children die prior to their first birthday. The 5 - 10% of children who do survive their first year experience severe developmental disabilities. Children who live past their first year require walking support and their ability to learn is limited. Their verbal communication abilities are limited as well, although they are able to respond to comforting and have the ability to learn to smile, recognize and interact with caregivers and others.
  25. 25. THANK YOU!

×