THE ASSATA SHAKURMULTI-MEDIA GUIDEhttp://www.assatashakur.org/Assata: Exile since 1979: On May, 2 1973, Black Panther acti...
Page 1 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityEarly bioSource: http://socialjustice.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/...
Page 2 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversitylived with her aunt Evelyn (who eventually became her lawy...
Page 3 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversitywithin the BPP was lacking as many issues were discussed w...
Page 4 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversityprisons. The charges ranged from kidnapping to assault and...
Page 5 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityThe Text Autobiography(PDF e-Book for download)
Page 6 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityPublic Image Files (Click here to open)Related document:Wh...
Page 7 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityOur Website and Forum:Assata Shakur Speaks - Hands Off Ass...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

The RBG Assata Shakur Multi-media Guide

1,682 views

Published on

.... I joined the Black Panther Party. By 1969 the Black Panther Party had become the number one organization targeted by the FBI's Cointelpro program. because the Black Panther Party demanded the total liberation of black people, J. Edgar Hoover called it "greatest threat to the internal security of the country" and vowed to destroy it and its leaders and activists...

Published in: Education, News & Politics
1 Comment
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,682
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
10
Comments
1
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

The RBG Assata Shakur Multi-media Guide

  1. 1. THE ASSATA SHAKURMULTI-MEDIA GUIDEhttp://www.assatashakur.org/Assata: Exile since 1979: On May, 2 1973, Black Panther activist Assata Shakur (s/n) JoAnne Chesimard, waspulled over by the New Jersey State Police, shot twice and then charged with murder of a police officer. Assataspent six and a half years in prison under brutal circumstances before escaping out of the maximum security wingof the Clinton Correctional Facility for Women in New Jersey in 1979 and moving to Cuba.Assata: In her own wordsMy name is Assata ("she who struggles") Shakur ("the thankful one"), and I am a 20th century escaped slave.Because of government persecution, I was left with no other choice than to flee from the political repression,racism and violence that dominate the US governments policy towards people of color. I am an ex politicalprisoner, and I have been living in exile in Cuba since 1984. I have been a political activist most of my life, andalthough the U.S. government has done everything in its power to criminalize me, I am not a criminal, nor have Iever been one. In the 1960s, I participated in various struggles: the black liberation movement, the student rightsmovement, and the movement to end the war in Vietnam. I joined the Black Panther Party. By 1969 the BlackPanther Party had become the number one organization targeted by the FBIs Cointelpro program. because theBlack Panther Party demanded the total liberation of black people, J. Edgar Hoover called it "greatest threat to theinternal security of the country" and vowed to destroy it and its leaders and activists.Click and play mp3 Introduction by Assata, “We Can Win Our Liberation”
  2. 2. Page 1 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityEarly bioSource: http://socialjustice.ccnmtl.columbia.edu/index.php/Early_bioAssata Shakur was born Joanne DeborahByron Chesimard on July 16, 1947 in NewYork City. From an early age, she was raisedto be a socially aware and proud black woman.Her parents were divorced shortly after shewas born and when she was three years old,she moved down South to North Carolina withher grandparents. All of her family tried toinstill in her a sense of personal dignity,forcing her to never make subservient gesturesto whites and constantly stressing that she wasjust as good as whites. While Shakur found hergrandparents defining pride and dignity withinthe value system of the white capitalist systemof America. Success meant getting the nicethings that whites had: a car, house, moneyetc. In her autobiography, she remarks that her grandmother "had a lot of Booker T. Washington,pull yourself up by the bootstraps, "talented tenth" ideas." (Shakur 31)Shakur saw the same when she returned to New York. She lived in Jamaica, Queens andattended elementary and middle school there. She saw that blacks were completely brainwashedwithout being aware of it. They accepted white value systems and sometimes even the whitemans view of themselves. In school, constantly, girls were trying to make themselves fit to thewhite beauty standards as much as possible. Furthermore, the education she received in schoolswas a further part of her brainwashing as schools taught a history that was just not true. Shakurran away from home briefly and lived in the Village of Manhattan, where she experienced whatthe real world was like for poor, impoverished blacks. Eventually, she returned to school and
  3. 3. Page 2 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversitylived with her aunt Evelyn (who eventually became her lawyer during her trials). During asummer of her high school years, Assata tried to join the NAACP. She could not, however,accept the idea that she should just accept people spitting on her. It has led her to believe that"nobody in the world, nobody in history, has ever gotten their freedom by appealing to the moralsense of the people who were oppressing them." (Shakur 139) The racist system will always useits oppressive powers to maintain itself. You cannot hope to change the system through thesystem.Shakur attended Manhattan Community College, where had a significant percentage of black andthird world students and where black consciousness and nationalism were omnipresent. Thestudents there belonged to many organizations, including the Black Muslims, Garveyites, andMalcolm Xs Organization of Afro-American Unity (OOAU). Here Assata began to do socialwork. During the summer, she worked with grade school students in remedial programs toimprove their reading and math skills. Instead of using conventional textbooks, she often wrotestories that pertained to the lives of her students. She also allowed them to direct classes toempower them. In college, Assata was also exposed to socialist groups and learned much aboutsocialism. However, she experienced a lot of arrogance and dogmatism within these groups.Arrogance in fact was a major reason why Assata believed that black people had to cometogether and organize their own revolutionary party. The white left was too arrogant that no realfriendship nor respect could be gained working with them.After graduating from college, Shakur went to Oakland, California. There she was exposed torevolutionaries of other racial groups. Native Americans, Chicanos, and Chinese revolutionarieswere abound and Shakur learned much from these groups. She was so inspired that she decidedto investigate the Black Panther Party (BPP) in Oakland. There it was made clear to her that thetrue enemy was not white people, but the capitalistic, imperialistic oppressors. She wasimpressed by the BPP in Oakland that she returned to New York and joined the chapter there. Itwas here that she met Zayd Shakur, who she would later be accused of murdering.Upon joining the BPP in New York, however, Shakur began to face some difficulties. She dealtwith many arrogant personalities, such as Robert Bey who expelled her the first day for speakingback to him. She was reinstated soon afterwards, however. Shakur also felt that the education
  4. 4. Page 3 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversitywithin the BPP was lacking as many issues were discussed without delving into the historicalcontext or the underlying causes. As a result, many of the BPP members were just robotsrepeating the party line. It convinced Shakur that a systematic program for political education forpolitical education was necessary for a successful movement of Black liberation.Shakur also began to disagree with the direction of the BPP. Huey P. Newton, the leader of theBPP, preached intercommunality, which stressed that oppressed communities existed, notoppressed nations. Shakur saw that the problem with that was that no one had told the oppressedcommunities that they were no longer nations. This conflicted with Shakurs tenet that without atruly internationalist component, nationalism was reactionary. Any community that wasconcerned with its liberation had to be concerned with other peoples freedom also. In addition,criticism within the organization was not encouraged and Huey Newton began to act like adictator within the BPP. He changed his title to Supreme Servant and expel many long-standingPanthers. The organization had become stagnant. Assata left the Party. Assata realized later thatthe degradation of the BPP was actually a product of the FBIs COINTELPRO, who destroyedthe party by using divide-and-conquer tactics, turning members against each other.Shakurs experience with the BPP helped shape her ideas of how liberation should take place.Armed struggle was necessary, but not sufficient to bring about a revolution. The hearts of themasses must also be won. The most important task, according to Shakur, was to help politicallymobilize, educate, and organize the masses of Black people. Revolutionary groups could notsurvive without their support. The political and military actions of the liberation groups shouldbe clearly understood, supported, and publicized in the Black community.Shakur kept a low profile after she left the BPP but one day she found out that she was wantedfor question in relation to the murder of two police officers. She became a fugitive but stillworked on Liberation and joined the Black Liberation Army (BLA). On May 2, 1973, Shakurwas stopped on the New Jersey State Turnpike, along with two Black Panthers: Zayd Shakur andSundiata Acoli . In an ensuing gunfight, Zayd Shakur and one New Jersey state policeman werekilled and Assata Shakur and one New Jersey state policeman were injured. Over the next two-and-a-half years, Shakur was incarcerated, beaten, and tortured in a series of federal and state
  5. 5. Page 4 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG Communiversityprisons. The charges ranged from kidnapping to assault and battery to bank robbery. She wasacquitted in all six cases. During her incarceration, she became pregnant and had a daughter.However, Shakur was found guilty of the murder of both the state trooper and Zayd Shakur, forher involvement at the gun battle. In 1979 she escaped prison and lived underground until 1986,when she was granted political asylum in Cuba, where she resides today.References: http://assata-shakur.biography.ms/Shakur, Assata. Assata: An Autobiography. Connecticut: Lawrence Hill and Company, 1987.A Video Auto-Biography/DocumentaryOPEN TO VIEW HERE
  6. 6. Page 5 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityThe Text Autobiography(PDF e-Book for download)
  7. 7. Page 6 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityPublic Image Files (Click here to open)Related document:Who Are New Afrikan Political Prisoners and Prisoners of War
  8. 8. Page 7 of 7THE ASSATA SHAKUR MULTI-MEDIA GUIDERBG CommuniversityOur Website and Forum:Assata Shakur Speaks - Hands Off Assata - Lets Get Free - Revolutionary - Pan-Africanism - Black On Purpose - Liberation - ForumOur Internet Vlog ChannelRBG “New Afrikan IndependenceMovement” (NAIM) @ You Tube

×