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Introduction to High Performance 
Liquid Chromatography and its parts 
1
Chromatography equipment looks 
rather intimidating to anyone who has 
not handled it before, but on a closer look and as ...
Different combinations of these parts namely : 
• Pumps 
• Detectors 
• Injectors 
yield an infinite number of configurati...
Just like an understanding of human anatomy 
makes you conscious of the vital role of each 
and every body organ towards y...
A conceptual understanding of the function of 
each component will add to your comfort level 
with your HPLC system. You w...
What is HPLC? 
6
7
HPLC is a technique for separation, identification 
and quantification of components in a 
mixture. It is especially suita...
Mobile Phase 
9
The liquid phase is pumped at a constant rate to 
the column packed with the stationary phase. 
Before entering the column...
On reaching the column the sample components 
are selectively retained on the basis of 
physico-chemical interactions betw...
Mobile Phase 
12
13
Mobile phase serves to transport the sample to the 
system. Essential criteria of mobile phase are 
inertness to the sampl...
Mobile Phase Reservoirs 
15
16
These are inert containers for mobile phase storage 
and transport. Generally transparent glass bottles 
are used so that ...
Pumps 
18
19
Variations in flow rates of the mobile phase 
effect elution time of sample components and 
result in errors. Pumps provid...
Injectors 
21
22
Injectors are used to provide constant volume 
injection of sample into the mobile phase 
stream. Inertness and reproducib...
Column 
24
25
A column is a stainless steel tube packed with 
stationary phase. It is a vital component and 
should be maintained proper...
Column Oven 
27
28
Variation of temperature during the analytical run 
can result in changes of retention time of the 
separated eluting comp...
Detector 
30
31
A detector gives specific response for the components 
separated by the column and also provides the 
required sensitivity...
Data Acquisition & Control 
33
Modern HPLC systems are computer based and 
software controls operational parameters such 
as mobile phase composition, te...
Specialized Versions 
35
Specialized HPLC Systems might also have solvent 
selection valves, vacuum degasser, auto 
samplers, column switches, pre ...
What Next? 
• Keep Learning to Keep Succeeding – visit 
www.lab-training.com/hplc to learn more about 
HPLC 
• Get online ...
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Introduction to High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

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This presentation provides a brief introduction to HPLC and its parts. The technique has found immense scope of applications in both academic and industrial laboratories requiring identification and quantification of mixtures of organic compounds.It is essential for scientists working in any field to understand and know how to use a HPLC.

Published in: Science

Introduction to High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

  1. 1. Introduction to High Performance Liquid Chromatography and its parts 1
  2. 2. Chromatography equipment looks rather intimidating to anyone who has not handled it before, but on a closer look and as you get familiar with the equipment you realize that behind the network of wires, complex plumbing and circuitry is a simple machine with only a few major parts. 2
  3. 3. Different combinations of these parts namely : • Pumps • Detectors • Injectors yield an infinite number of configurations based on the application. 3
  4. 4. Just like an understanding of human anatomy makes you conscious of the vital role of each and every body organ towards your well being and vitality. Similarly you need to have a good understanding of the parts of your HPLC system to generate data of highest reliability. 4
  5. 5. A conceptual understanding of the function of each component will add to your comfort level with your HPLC system. You will ensure long time usage with high reliance on output data. 5
  6. 6. What is HPLC? 6
  7. 7. 7
  8. 8. HPLC is a technique for separation, identification and quantification of components in a mixture. It is especially suitable for compounds which are not easily volatalised, thermally unstable and have high molecular weights. 8
  9. 9. Mobile Phase 9
  10. 10. The liquid phase is pumped at a constant rate to the column packed with the stationary phase. Before entering the column the analysis sample is injected into the carrier stream. 10
  11. 11. On reaching the column the sample components are selectively retained on the basis of physico-chemical interactions between the analyte molecules and the stationary phase. 11
  12. 12. Mobile Phase 12
  13. 13. 13
  14. 14. Mobile phase serves to transport the sample to the system. Essential criteria of mobile phase are inertness to the sample components. Pure solvents or buffer combinations are commonly used. The mobile phase should be free of particulate impurities and degassed before use. 14
  15. 15. Mobile Phase Reservoirs 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. These are inert containers for mobile phase storage and transport. Generally transparent glass bottles are used so that so as to facilitate visual inspection of mobile phase level inside the container. Stainless steel particulate filters are provided inside for removal of particulate impurities in the mobile phase if any. 17
  18. 18. Pumps 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. Variations in flow rates of the mobile phase effect elution time of sample components and result in errors. Pumps provide constant flow of mobile phase to the column under constant pressure. 20
  21. 21. Injectors 21
  22. 22. 22
  23. 23. Injectors are used to provide constant volume injection of sample into the mobile phase stream. Inertness and reproducibility of injection are necessary to maintain high level of accuracy. 23
  24. 24. Column 24
  25. 25. 25
  26. 26. A column is a stainless steel tube packed with stationary phase. It is a vital component and should be maintained properly as per supplier instructions for getting reproducibility and separation efficiency run after run. 26
  27. 27. Column Oven 27
  28. 28. 28
  29. 29. Variation of temperature during the analytical run can result in changes of retention time of the separated eluting components. A column oven maintains constant column temperature using air circulation. This ensures a constant flow rate of the mobile phase through the column 29
  30. 30. Detector 30
  31. 31. 31
  32. 32. A detector gives specific response for the components separated by the column and also provides the required sensitivity. It has to be independent of any changes in mobile phase composition. Majority of the applications require UV-VIS detection though detectors based on other detection technique are also popular these days. 32
  33. 33. Data Acquisition & Control 33
  34. 34. Modern HPLC systems are computer based and software controls operational parameters such as mobile phase composition, temperature, flow rate, injection volume and sequence and also acquisition and treatment of output. 34
  35. 35. Specialized Versions 35
  36. 36. Specialized HPLC Systems might also have solvent selection valves, vacuum degasser, auto samplers, column switches, pre or post column derivatization and fraction collectors. These are all covered at length in our online certificate program on HPLC. Certificate Course on HPLC 36
  37. 37. What Next? • Keep Learning to Keep Succeeding – visit www.lab-training.com/hplc to learn more about HPLC • Get online certificate training on HPLC – www.lab-training.com/product/join-our-certificate- course-on-hplc/ • Subscribe to our newsletter and get free training delivered straight to your inbox – www.lab-training. com • Don’t have a HPLC? Need samples to be tested visit www.testing-lab.com and get a proposal! 37

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