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16 Days 2013: Presentation by Dr. Debarati Halder, Remedies for Cyber-Crimes against Women

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This presentation by Dr. Debarati Halder outlines cyber-crimes against women and available legal and other remedies against them. This was presented at a Colloquium on Digital Media and Gender Violence on December 9, 2013, in Chennai, as part of the 2013 Prajnya 16 Days Campaign against Gender Violence.

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16 Days 2013: Presentation by Dr. Debarati Halder, Remedies for Cyber-Crimes against Women

  1. 1. Remedies for CyberCrimes Against Women: some thoughts Dr. Debarati Halder Advocate & Managing Director Centre for Cyber victim Counseling (CCVC) Tirunelveli www.cybervictims.org
  2. 2. • Cyber crime against women is : “Crimes targeted against women with a motive to intentionally harm the victim, using modern telecommunication networks such as the internet (chat rooms, emails, notice boards and groups) and mobile phones(SMS/MMS)”. Debarati Halder & K. Jaishankar(2012) 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  3. 3. How cyber victimization affects the concept of violence against women? 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  4. 4.  portrayal of women in the most indecent manner.  Stalking  Harassing messages  Workplace harassment with digital aide 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  5. 5. Available legal remedies for women and young girls for indecent portrayal  • Sections 67, 67a of the Information technology Act,2000(amended in 2008) Section 66a of the Information Technology Act (amended in 2008) Section 66C(punishment for identity theft), 66D(punishment for cheating by impersonation) along with 67B, 66E of the IT Act offer remedy. .Section 292,293,294 IPC     Section 354C IPC (inserted by Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2013 Section 509 IPC Section 499,500 IPC S.s 3 &4 of The Indecent Represent of Women (prohibition) Act 12/25/13 • Usage of children for creation of content(S.13, Protection of children from sexual offences act, S.67B (c) I T Act. (i) Production, storing, distribution of the content(S.11 (ii) & (iii) (ii) Sexual harassment in the course of creation of content S.67B (d) IT Act and S.11 Protection of children from sexual offences Act Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  6. 6. Online stalking • In one word, when ‘following’ is added by Mens rea to commit harm and it is successfully digitally carried out, we can say cyber stalking has happened (Halder & Jaishankar,2010). • S.354D of the Criminal Law Amendment Act, 2013 also addresses stalking by man and includes the following acts:  Following/contacting/trying to contact repeatedly  Monitoring a woman either physically or online  Watching/spying a woman 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  7. 7. Remedies offered by the laws  prevention of the crime  Introducing new rights  Expanding the scope of the independent duty of the police  Retributive jurisprudential measures 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  8. 8. Where does law/criminal justice mechanism fail?  Attitude of the victim  Patriarchal society  Fear of revealing past history  Media and privacy issues  Preconceived notion about the police and criminal justice system 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  9. 9. The other option ?  Liability of the website  Forms of reporting  Usage of police-social media channel 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  10. 10. Self protecting measures • Controlled data contribution • Closing the doors by effective password choosing. • Expanding friend-circle with prior information • Usage of multiple email ids • Self detection of suspicious accounts • Willingness to report a crime and not encourage hacking. 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  11. 11. Building up effective friend circle online 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  12. 12. Counselling through “Therapeutic Jurisprudence” way 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  13. 13. Awareness Spreading awareness through two blogs : “Cyber crime against women in India and the laws”© (http://debaraticyberspace.blogspot.in/ ) & “Cyber victimization” ©(http://cybervictims.blogspot.in/) 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder
  14. 14. Enjoy the internet era  Write to us for any help @ ccvcindia@cybervictims.org or ccvcindia@gmail.com  Call us @ 09894700935 Dr. Debarati Halder Advocate & Managing Director Centre for Cyber victim Counseling Tirunelveli www.cybervictims.org 12/25/13 Online Victimisation of Women: Trends & Issues by Debarati Halder

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