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Blockchain and IOT and the GxP Lab Slides

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The slides from thecontinuing part of Pistoia Alliance's drive to improve education and communication around new technologies to life science professionals, this webinar explored how blockchain/DLT and IoT could come together to add even more trust to the GxP domain. If you want to know more about how these new technologies could help enhance GxP compliance, then this webinar will give you much food for thought.

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Blockchain and IOT and the GxP Lab Slides

  1. 1. February 13, 2019 Blockchain, IoT and the GxP lab technology helping compliance? Moderator: Jake Dreier – Pistoia Alliance Panelists: Richard Shute - Curlew Research Adrian Marks - Red Kite Projects
  2. 2. This webinar is being recorded
  3. 3. ©PistoiaAlliance 3 Jake Dreier, Blockchain Project Manager, the Pistoia Alliance ➢ Pre-Blockchain Workshop Community of Interest Meeting: February 20th, 11am EST/ 4pm GMT ➢ Blockchain R&D Use Case Analysis Workshop: March 12th, Hilton London Paddington
  4. 4. ©PistoiaAlliance The Panel 4 Adrian Marks, Iota Advocate, Red Kite (Iota) Projects, Ltd. Adrian has always operated at the intersection between technology and business. In a career that spans major corporates, consultancies and technology businesses. He currently spends part of his time as a Director of Business Development for Bluesmith Information Systems, a specialist in software and data engineering projects. He also runs a technology consultancy business, Red Kite Projects Ltd, where he focuses on researching & understanding disruptive technologies. He has a particular interest in Distributed Ledger Technologies & acts as a Community Leader for IOTA, a new transaction settlement and data transfer layer for the Internet of Things (IoT). Richard Shute Consultant Curlew Research Richard is an accomplished IS/IT strategic business relationship, account and portfolio manager, medicinal chemist, scientist and thought leader, with over 25 years of experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Richard is a Consultant for Curlew Research and has blogged extensively on the role of blockchain tech in life sciences. He was project manager for the Pistoia Alliance work on “Blockchain Applications to Life Sciences R&D” from March-December 2018.
  5. 5. ©PistoiaAlliance Poll Question 1 • What is your familiarity with blockchain? A. I am using blockchain B. I am experimenting with blockchain C. I am aware of blockchain D. I know next to nothing about it
  6. 6. ©PistoiaAlliance Poll Question 2 • What is your organization’s familiarity with blockchain? A. Actively using blockchain B. Experimenting with blockchain C. Aware of blockchain D. Not sure about my organization
  7. 7. ©PistoiaAlliance Blockchain, IoT and GxP – Distributed Ledger Technology helping compliance? A wealth of opportunities Richard Shute Curlew Research
  8. 8. ©PistoiaAlliance What is “blockchain”? • Blockchain technology offers a way for untrusted parties to reach agreement (consensus) on a common digital history. • A common digital history is important because digital assets and transactions are in theory easily faked and/or duplicated. • Blockchain technology solves this problem without using a trusted intermediary. https://www.cbinsights.com/research/what-is-blockchain-technology/
  9. 9. ©PistoiaAlliance Blockchain tech’s high level value Transparency All blockchain participants are able to view data added to the chain, while the chain improves data integrity by being the single source of truth Disintermediation By enabling transparency and trust, the blockchain can fulfil the roles that intermediaries traditionally provide Trust Blockchain’s connected data blocks, and distributed validation structure establish trust between participants without them having to know one another Auditability Blockchain data is immutable and everlasting, creating an exhaustive means of record keeping
  10. 10. ©PistoiaAlliance What is GxP? • “GxP” is a collective term for the Good Practice quality guidelines and regulations used in many fields, encompassing such internationally-recognized standards as GMP, GCP, GLP, GSP, GDP and GRP. • GxP guidelines are designed to ensure that products are safe, meet their intended use and, in regulated industries such as drugs, food, medical devices and cosmetics, adhere to quality processes during manufacturing, control, storage and distribution. • The core aspects of GxP are: – Traceability: the ability to reconstruct the development history of a drug or medical device or a piece of software. – Accountability: the ability to resolve who has contributed what to the development and when. https://www.slideshare.net/bknanjwade/gxp-and-cgxp-in-biopharmaceutical-industry See also: https://aws.amazon.com/compliance/gxp-part-11-annex-11/ And: https://www.pharmaguideline.com/2017/01/concept-of-gxp-in-pharmaceuticals.html
  11. 11. ©PistoiaAlliance The Key Components of the GxP Domain Safety People Pro- cesses Kit Inputs & Outputs, inc. Data ValidationQuality
  12. 12. ©PistoiaAlliance The DLT “Trust Protocol” Enhancing Compliance? Blockchain & Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) Safety People Pro-cesses Kit Inputs & Outputs, inc. Data
  13. 13. ©PistoiaAlliance DLT & Digital Identity, certificates: an established use-case Safety People Pro-cesses Kit Inputs & Outputs, inc. Data DLT & GxP Opportunities Blockchain sweetspot: tracking transactions Device maintenance records, ownership, location, etc. Starting materials, API’s, animals, results, documents → Supply Chains
  14. 14. ©PistoiaAlliance DLT & GxP Devices/Kit https://www.spirituspartners.com/
  15. 15. ©PistoiaAlliance The Connected (GxP) Lab 1. Identify 2. Measure 3. Transfer 4. Store 5. Visualize 6. Process The Internet of Laboratory Things (IoLT)
  16. 16. ©PistoiaAlliance A Final Thought ... • Remember – Compliance is a “Yes-No” thing. You either ARE compliant - or you AREN’T. – Blockchain & DLT cannot make you MORE (or less) compliant. – Blockchain tech CAN make the GxP systems you have in your organisation more trusted. – DLT CAN make the components of your GxP systems more open and transparent to regulators and auditors leading to increased confidence in what you do and building reputation.
  17. 17. ©PistoiaAlliance QUESTIONS? Thank You
  18. 18. ©PistoiaAlliance Poll Question 3 • Where do you think blockchain and distributed ledger technology could play the greatest role in the GxP domain in future? A. People: Training records, qualification certificates and digital identity B. Processes: Managing and recording the transactions through the GxP process C. Kit/Devices: Maintenance, ownership, location, etc. D. Input/Output Materials, and Data: Managing the supply chains around starting materials, reagents, APIs, animals, results, documents, etc.
  19. 19. ©PistoiaAlliance The Role Of Distributed Ledger Technology In The GxP Laboratory Of The Future . . . IOT Lab Device . . . and why IOTA is particularly well designed to fulfill this role. N.B. Blockchain is specifically a type of Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT) but not all DLTs are based on the Blockchain data structure. IOTA, for example, is a DLT that uses a data structure known as Directed Acyclic Graph or DAG for short. Nevertheless, the term “Blockchain” is also often used as a generic term for all DLTs.
  20. 20. ©PistoiaAlliance What if all devices in the laboratory were internet connected and could share their data . . . Required Data Characteristics: • Integrity • Trust and Security • Immutability • Ubiquitous and Accessible • Light Weight • Cost Effective Types of Data: • Experiment Results • Device Specification • Device Calibration • Device Servicing • Identity of Users • Usage Data – Date/Time/Duration IOT Lab Device IOT = Internet of Things. i.e. Any device that is capable of connecting to the internet and sharing data.
  21. 21. ©PistoiaAlliance This is all made possible with Distributed Ledger Technology Distributed Ledger Technology is simply software that can: • Transfer and distribute data quickly - Ubiquitous and Accessible • Ensure that the data sent equals the data received – Integrity • Chains the data together so it cannot be altered – Immutability • Support the concept of a digital currency - Payments IOTA though has some enhanced features: • It can encrypt data and authenticate the source (i.e. MAM) - Trust and Security • It is specifically designed for IOT devices – Light Weight • It is a free, open source and public technology – Cost Effective Secure Ledger IOTA NodeIOT Lab Device IOTA Client Data shared using the IOTA protocol A small piece of IOTA software on the device submits a transaction containing data to an IOTA Node using the IOTA protocol. A node picks up this transaction, validates it and then submits it to the network for storage. A ubiquitous technical standard for the Machine-To-Machine
  22. 22. ©PistoiaAlliance What is IOTA? Not For Profit FoundationOpen Source Software GitHub Second Generation Distributed Ledger Technology Distributed Ledger Technology is only at the beginning of its evolution. Scalable and energy efficient Completely free! A Data Propagation Protocol • Gossip Protocol • Publicly Available • Permissionless • Nodes Distributed World Wide • No Transaction Fees • MAM – Masked Authenticated Messaging • Future Developments - Qubic Rich and Developing Functionality Well Funded and Resourced
  23. 23. ©PistoiaAlliance So what? Laboratory as a Service (LaaS) Scientific Data Marketplace Research Lab Database IOTA Node Secure Ledger The Internet IOTA Node Secure Ledger IOTA Node Secure Ledger Laboratory of the Future IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device Laboratory of the Future IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device Laboratory of the Future IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device IOT Lab Device Research Lab Database Trusted data can now be easily secured, shared and traded. In fact the built in payment capabilities of DLTs mean that IOT devices can even do this directly and autonomously - the Machine to Machine economy. IOTA already has an established marketplace for sensor data. LaaS as a concept already exists but combining it with DLT technology brings significant benefits: • Trusted data from trusted sources • The ability to draw consensus from multiple laboratories / results and pay for only those that are deemed valid • Data securely accessed from anywhere • “Smart Contracts” and traded capacity These are just two of the many possibilities DLT technology enables. How could IOTA add value in the GxP domain?
  24. 24. ©PistoiaAlliance The Role Of Distributed Ledger Technology In The GxP Laboratory Of The Future . . . IOT GxP Lab Device Audit and Regulatory Control • Using blockchain tech and IOTA, you can now prove that scientific test results were recorded at a particular time and place; came from a particular device; and produced a specifically stated set of results. • No one could have tampered with these results. • No one could have created them without actually using the IOT device. • If used in a GLP/GMP/GCP Lab, IOTA would provide an additional wrapper of trust around the data and process.
  25. 25. ©PistoiaAlliance Further reading and resources https://data.iota.org IOTA Data MarketplaceIOTA Website https://blog.iota.org IOTA Blogs https://www.iota.or g IOTA Documentation https://docs.iota.org Also - https://qubic.iota.org and https://ecosystem.iota.org
  26. 26. ©PistoiaAlliance Questions & contact details Email: adrian.marks@redkiteprojects.com LinkedIn: linkedin.com/in/adrianmarks
  27. 27. ©PistoiaAlliance Poll Question 4 • Where is your organisation currently in its journey to blockchain adoption – not just in the GxP domain, but organisation-wide? A. Not yet started / have no plans to adopt B. Plan to begin blockchain proof-of-concept within next 12 months C. Considering/working on proof-of-concept D. Completed proof-of-concept E. Already implemented blockchain
  28. 28. ©PistoiaAlliance Audience Q&A Please use the Question function in GoToMeeting
  29. 29. ©PistoiaAlliance 29 Jake Dreier, Blockchain Project Manager, Pistoia Alliance jake.dreier@pistoiaalliance.org Join us for the next Pistoia Alliance Webinar Pre-Blockchain Workshop Community of Interest Meeting: Moderator: Jake Dreier – Pistoia Alliance Panelists: Wolfgang Prinz - Fraunhofer Institute Wolfgang Gräther - Fraunhofer Institute February 20th, 11am EST/ 4pm GMT
  30. 30. info@pistoiaalliance.org @pistoiaalliance www.pistoiaalliance.org

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