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Linux Distribution for the Cloud

         Peter Eisentraut
        petere@debian.org



         FOSDEM 2010
What is a Linux Distribution?
What is a Linux Distribution?




      Integrating a bunch of free/open software
What is a Linux Distribution?




      Distributing a software collection to users
      Integrating a bunch of free/open software
What is a Linux Distribution?




      Distributing a software collection to users
      Integrating a bunch of free/open software
      Implementing the freedoms
What is a Cloud?
What is a Cloud?
What is a Cloud?




   Provisioning of services hosted on shared resources over the
                              Internet
First Linux distribution . . .
Or maybe this . . .




                      Cloud version 0
Wrapped in this . . .
A bunch of these . . .
Or just one of these . . .
Or usually this . . .




                        Cloud version 0.5
But what about this?
Or this?
Solutions




      Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . .
Solutions




      Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . .
      FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/)
Solutions




      Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . .
      FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/)
      Distribute virtual images in addition to ISOs?
Solutions




      Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . .
      FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/)
      Distribute virtual images in addition to ISOs?
      Offer automatic deployment to cloud services?
Ubuntu Cloud

               http://www.ubuntu.com/cloud
Current Problems




     Lack of standards
     Integration of available software
     Linux distributions can drive this
More Information




      http://socializedsoftware.com/2010/01/20/
      eleven-open-source-cloud-computing-projects-to-watch/
      Eucalyptus Systems — http://www.eucalyptus.com/
      http://oddments.org/?p=78
The Linux Desktop
The Linux Desktop
The Linux Desktop




          Where does this leave Linux distributors?
Problems




     The server-side software is not “free”.
     The hosting is not “free”.
     Little/no control over data.
     No “open-source” community.
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.

     Need “free” hosting model.

     Need data access/protection model.

     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.
         Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . .
     Need “free” hosting model.

     Need data access/protection model.

     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.
         Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . .
     Need “free” hosting model.
         Hostsharing.net
     Need data access/protection model.

     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.
         Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . .
     Need “free” hosting model.
         Hostsharing.net
     Need data access/protection model.
         auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”)
     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.
         Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . .
     Need “free” hosting model.
         Hostsharing.net
     Need data access/protection model.
         auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”)
     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
         AGPL?
Ways Forward



     Need more “free” web services.
         Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . .
     Need “free” hosting model.
         Hostsharing.net
     Need data access/protection model.
         auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”)
     Rethinking licensing, freedom.
         AGPL?
     Commercial opportunities
Freedoms



  Free Software Definition
   0. Freedom to run
   1. Freedom to study and change
   2. Freedom to redistribute
   3. Freedom to distribute modified versions
Freedoms




   0. Freedom to run
   1. Freedom to study and change
   2. Freedom to redistribute
   3. Freedom to distribute modified versions

     Freedom to access and control my data
More Information




      https://www.joachim-breitner.de/blog/archives/
      344-About-the-Freedoms-of-Web-Services.html
      Eben Moglen, “Freedom in the Cloud”
Summary




  Linux distributors can drive:
      Integration of cloud software
      Distribution of software in the cloud
      Freedom in the cloud
Rights and Attributions


   This presentation “Linux Distribution for the Cloud” was authored by Peter Eisentraut and is licensed under the
   Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.
   Picture credit:
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/matsuyuki/2607912618/ (CC-BY-SA)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/secretlondon/2592690167/ (CC-BY-SA)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrepin/188800171/ (CC-BY-SA)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobbigmac/2543562507/in/set-72157605291764838/ (CC-BY-SA)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattimattila/3003324844/ (CC-BY)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/neospire/3594831805/ (CC-BY)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/saipal/199661563/ (CC-BY)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/lloyds-screenies/2809262218/ (CC-BY)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcuthrell/2101814328/ (CC-BY-SA)
           http://www.flickr.com/photos/ndevil/4117337083/ (CC-BY)

   All listed pictures under indicated Create Commons licenses.

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Linux distribution for the cloud

  • 1. Linux Distribution for the Cloud Peter Eisentraut petere@debian.org FOSDEM 2010
  • 2. What is a Linux Distribution?
  • 3. What is a Linux Distribution? Integrating a bunch of free/open software
  • 4. What is a Linux Distribution? Distributing a software collection to users Integrating a bunch of free/open software
  • 5. What is a Linux Distribution? Distributing a software collection to users Integrating a bunch of free/open software Implementing the freedoms
  • 6. What is a Cloud?
  • 7. What is a Cloud?
  • 8. What is a Cloud? Provisioning of services hosted on shared resources over the Internet
  • 10. Or maybe this . . . Cloud version 0
  • 12. A bunch of these . . .
  • 13. Or just one of these . . .
  • 14. Or usually this . . . Cloud version 0.5
  • 15. But what about this?
  • 17. Solutions Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . .
  • 18. Solutions Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . . FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/)
  • 19. Solutions Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . . FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/) Distribute virtual images in addition to ISOs?
  • 20. Solutions Random, ad hoc, or vendor specific solutions . . . FAI (http://www.informatik.uni-koeln.de/fai/) Distribute virtual images in addition to ISOs? Offer automatic deployment to cloud services?
  • 21. Ubuntu Cloud http://www.ubuntu.com/cloud
  • 22. Current Problems Lack of standards Integration of available software Linux distributions can drive this
  • 23. More Information http://socializedsoftware.com/2010/01/20/ eleven-open-source-cloud-computing-projects-to-watch/ Eucalyptus Systems — http://www.eucalyptus.com/ http://oddments.org/?p=78
  • 26. The Linux Desktop Where does this leave Linux distributors?
  • 27. Problems The server-side software is not “free”. The hosting is not “free”. Little/no control over data. No “open-source” community.
  • 28. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Need “free” hosting model. Need data access/protection model. Rethinking licensing, freedom.
  • 29. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . . Need “free” hosting model. Need data access/protection model. Rethinking licensing, freedom.
  • 30. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . . Need “free” hosting model. Hostsharing.net Need data access/protection model. Rethinking licensing, freedom.
  • 31. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . . Need “free” hosting model. Hostsharing.net Need data access/protection model. auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”) Rethinking licensing, freedom.
  • 32. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . . Need “free” hosting model. Hostsharing.net Need data access/protection model. auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”) Rethinking licensing, freedom. AGPL?
  • 33. Ways Forward Need more “free” web services. Identi.ca, OpenStreetMap, ownCloud, . . . Need “free” hosting model. Hostsharing.net Need data access/protection model. auditing, data dumps (“preferred form for modification”) Rethinking licensing, freedom. AGPL? Commercial opportunities
  • 34. Freedoms Free Software Definition 0. Freedom to run 1. Freedom to study and change 2. Freedom to redistribute 3. Freedom to distribute modified versions
  • 35. Freedoms 0. Freedom to run 1. Freedom to study and change 2. Freedom to redistribute 3. Freedom to distribute modified versions Freedom to access and control my data
  • 36. More Information https://www.joachim-breitner.de/blog/archives/ 344-About-the-Freedoms-of-Web-Services.html Eben Moglen, “Freedom in the Cloud”
  • 37. Summary Linux distributors can drive: Integration of cloud software Distribution of software in the cloud Freedom in the cloud
  • 38. Rights and Attributions This presentation “Linux Distribution for the Cloud” was authored by Peter Eisentraut and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Picture credit: http://www.flickr.com/photos/matsuyuki/2607912618/ (CC-BY-SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/secretlondon/2592690167/ (CC-BY-SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/jrepin/188800171/ (CC-BY-SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/bobbigmac/2543562507/in/set-72157605291764838/ (CC-BY-SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/mattimattila/3003324844/ (CC-BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/neospire/3594831805/ (CC-BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/saipal/199661563/ (CC-BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/lloyds-screenies/2809262218/ (CC-BY) http://www.flickr.com/photos/jcuthrell/2101814328/ (CC-BY-SA) http://www.flickr.com/photos/ndevil/4117337083/ (CC-BY) All listed pictures under indicated Create Commons licenses.