Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Advantages, disadvantages and challenges of online course

1,852 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Advantages, disadvantages and challenges of online course

  1. 1. TDM & Climate Change Kevin Luten
  2. 4. <ul><li>Transport is fastest growing sector of GHG emissions in OECD ( ↑ 25%) and non-OECD ( ↑ 36%) countries (1990-2002) </li></ul><ul><li>Similar growth forecast through 2030 </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest growth in non-OECD countries, yet OECD transport emissions still very significant </li></ul>Climate Change & Transportation
  3. 5. Socolow and Pacala, Princeton University
  4. 6. TDM & Climate Change
  5. 7. <ul><li>Transportation Wedge Options: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase fuel economy of two billion cars from 30 to 60 mpg </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive two billion cars on ethanol or hydrogen* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive two billion cars not 10,000 but 5,000 km/year (at 30 mpg) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 8. Climate Change & Transportation <ul><li>Transport solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel-efficiency (vehicle & engine design) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease carbon intensity of fuels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce vehicle miles traveled </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Total success with #1 and #2 does not address: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Traffic congestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Public health </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 9. TDM & Climate Change <ul><li>Are there opportunities for TDM related to climate change? </li></ul><ul><li>Who are we selling TDM to? </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Political leaders </li></ul>
  8. 10. TDM & Climate Change <ul><li>Distinctions in TDM sales angles… </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion </li></ul><ul><li>Air quality </li></ul><ul><li>Public health (stress, obesity, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Business bottom-line benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Energy efficiency, energy independence </li></ul><ul><li>More… </li></ul>
  9. 11. Climate Change & Individuals <ul><li>Individuals… </li></ul><ul><li>Washington Post / ABC News Poll: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Doubling within a year of Americans (33%) that think climate change is biggest environmental problem facing the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single digits in mid-1990s </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Katrina, temperatures, other weather events </li></ul><ul><li>Inconvenient Truth </li></ul><ul><li>IPCC Report, Stern Report </li></ul>
  10. 12. Climate Change & Individuals <ul><li>Washington Post / ABC News Poll: </li></ul><ul><li>How willing are you personally to change some of the things you do in order to help improve the environment - very willing, somewhat willing, not so willing or not willing at all? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>94% - willing, somewhat willing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What if it means some personal inconvenience - would you be as willing to change some of the things you do, or less so? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>85% - still willing </li></ul></ul>
  11. 13. Climate Change & Individuals
  12. 14. Climate Change & Individuals <ul><li>A standard environmental issue? Poll: </li></ul><ul><li>70% feel climate change will pose a serious threat to future generations </li></ul><ul><li>63% believe we must start addressing it today </li></ul><ul><li>50% believe steps must be taken today, even if there is a high economic cost to the US </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40%, if politically conservatives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1,000 born-again or evangelical Protestants </li></ul>
  13. 15. Climate Change & Individuals <ul><li>Evangelical Climate Initiative: </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Change: An Evangelical Call to Action </li></ul><ul><li>Signed by 39 evangelical colleges, the Salvation Army, Rick Warren, and others </li></ul><ul><li>Positions climate change as a moral issue and a social justice issue </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for Federal action requiring </li></ul><ul><li>reductions in CO2 emissions </li></ul>
  14. 16. <ul><li>Individuals… </li></ul>
  15. 18. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Roles for business? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Risk management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direct opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitive advantage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reducing emissions “will save money for our customers, make us a more efficient business, and help position us to compete effectively in a carbon-constrained world.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Lee Scott, Wal-mart </li></ul>
  16. 19. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Business risks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulatory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competitive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reputational </li></ul></ul>
  17. 20. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>304 investors, US$41 trillion (32%) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Backed by HSBC, JP Morgan Chase, Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seeks information and data on emissions and business risks and opportunities from climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>940 of the world’s largest companies reported in CDP4 in 2006 (72% if FT500) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. Climate Change & Business GlobeScan, 2006 DEH, 2005
  19. 22. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Competitive Advantage on a Warming Planet: </li></ul><ul><li>Quantify your carbon “footprint” (GHG inventory) </li></ul><ul><li>Assess your carbon-related risks and opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Adapt your business </li></ul><ul><li>Do it better than rivals </li></ul>
  20. 23. GHG Inventories <ul><li>WRI / WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol: </li></ul><ul><li>Organisational boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>Operational boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>“ direct” and “indirect” emissions </li></ul>
  21. 24. WRI / WBCSD
  22. 25. GHG Inventories <ul><li>Guidance for Scope 3 emissions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Relevance and significance” of these emissions to org. operations or goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As defined by any / all of 4 factors: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relative size </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Risk </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stakeholder concern </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Company influence </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 26. GHG Inventories Relative Significance and Influence
  24. 27. GHG Inventories <ul><li>Companies influence commute behavior: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>86% of employees without employer program drive alone versus 71% of employees with employer programs (U.S. nationwide survey, 2001) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Total vehicle trips declined by 17% after employers at eight worksites launched parking cash out programs (Shoup, 1997) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees teleworking take 30% fewer daily trips, with a 63% reduction in VKT (all daily trips) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 28. GHG Inventories Companies influence commute behaviour:
  26. 29. GHG Inventories Employer-paid parking increases solo driving 60%
  27. 30. GHG Inventories <ul><li>Three examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World Resources Institute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IKEA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Six New Zealand government agencies </li></ul></ul>
  28. 31. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Overlapping corporate initiatives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG emissions analysis / mitigation (CDP) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability reporting (GRI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate social responsibility programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employee health & wellness programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workplace TDM programs </li></ul></ul>
  29. 32. Climate Change & Business LTNZ Workplace Travel Planning Guide WRI GHG Protocol
  30. 33. Climate Change & Business <ul><li>Critical issues moving forward: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish norms for inclusion of employee commutes in GHG inventories for knowledge and service organization (gov’t leadership) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stress process linkages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carpe diem </li></ul></ul>
  31. 34. Climate Change & Politics <ul><li>PlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York </li></ul><ul><li>Congestion charging, revenue for transit </li></ul><ul><li>BRT lanes </li></ul><ul><li>Increase bike paths, promote bicycling </li></ul><ul><li>Eliminate tax on hybrids </li></ul>
  32. 35. Climate Change & Politics US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement – 600 mayors signed on
  33. 36. TDM & Climate Change <ul><li>Potential threats: </li></ul><ul><li>Individual attitudes and motivation to act unsatisfied, or satisfied through other means </li></ul><ul><li>Cap-trade induced demand overwhelms TDM </li></ul><ul><li>Business rapidly assemble climate change strategies without TDM </li></ul><ul><li>TDM not seen as too minor a solution </li></ul><ul><li>Political push leads to funding and mainstreaming of sustainable transport strategies separate from TDM groups </li></ul>
  34. 38. www.urbantrans-anz.com Kevin Luten +61 (03) 9018 5435 [email_address]

×