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Louisville, KY / June 26, 2014
@bruce_katz
#globalcities
7.0 millionjobs needed
More Jobs
More Jobs & Better Jobs
81 millionpoor or near poor in 2000
107 millionpoor or near poor in 2011
HUMAN CAPITAL
INNOVATION
MANUFACTURING
INFRASTRUCTURE
STEM
ADVANCED
ENERGY
EXPORTS
R&D
OPPORTUNITY
CONSUMPTION
DEBT
CONSUM...
The imperative for global
engagement
1 2 3
1
2 3
Metros are centers of global
trade and investment
1 2 31
2
3
1 2 31 2
3
Metros are engaging
globally in new ways
METRO
INNOVATION
The imperative for global
engagement
1 2 3
1
2 3
2013
Global GDP
22.8%
US
17.5%
BIC Countries
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2...
2018
Global GDP
25.9%
BIC Countries
20.6%
US
Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2...
Global Metro Population
2009
50%
Global Metro Population
2030
60%
Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2009
Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2011
31%
China Africa
49% 39%
India
Urban ...
Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2011
China Africa India
+297 million
by 20...
Global Middle Class - 2009 | Share of Global Totals
18%North America
36%Europe
28%Asia Pacific
Source: Kharas and Gertz, “T...
Global Middle Class - 2030 | Share of Global Totals
7%North America
14%Europe
66%Asia Pacific
Source: Kharas and Gertz, “Th...
5,600
$1 billion increase
in exports supports
jobs
11%wage premium
in exporting firms
Greater likelihood
of health and
reti...
Exports Share of GDP
2010
13%
United States
29% 22%
15%
30%
Japan
China Canada India
European Union
15%
Source: Brookings ...
Can we get back into the
export game?
billionUS manufactured exports
2010
$944
Japan
$680
$944
United States GermanyFrance
$409
China
$1477
$1091
Top Manufacturing Exporting Countries
Billions, 2010
So...
$358
Service
Imports
Service
Exports
$518
US Service Trade
Billions, 2010
$160 billion
trade surplus
Source: World Trade O...
U.S. Value Added in U.S. Imports
2009
2%
25%
40%
4%
European
Union
Canada MexicoChina
Source: Brookings, Metro North Ameri...
Can we realize the potential
of global markets?
Advanced Industries
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Software Computer Systems
Design
Telecommunications R&D Consulting
Services
Services
Pharmaceuticals Advanced
Machinery
Me...
85%advanced industry
share of private
sector R&D
67%advanced industry
share of patents
30%advanced industry
share of engin...
Drive Productivity in
Other Industries
Stimulate Local
Economies
Support Long
Supply Chains
Develop Technology that
Transf...
Advanced Industries
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Japan
3.5% 4.4%
France United
States
United
Kingdom
3.1%
European
Union
5.0%3.8%
Germany South
Korea
China
5.5%
10.9%
20.7...
Advanced Industries
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Source: US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
Hispanics
19%
African
Americans
Non-Hispanic
Whites
Asians
25%
39...
Source: US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey
Hispanics
19%
African
Americans
25%
Educational Attainment
Associ...
Advanced Industries
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Infrastructure
Transport Networks are Clogged and Congested
Metros are centers of
global trade and
investment
1 2 31
2
3
Source: Brookings analysis of US Bureau of Economic Analysis data
Louisville/Jefferson County Metropolitan Area
Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Area
Source: Brookings, Metropolitan Areas an...
Louisville/Jefferson County Metropolitan Area
Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Area
Source: Brookings, Metropolitan Areas an...
Service
Exports
75%
62%
Manufacturing
Exports
Population
66%
Top 100 Metro Exports
Share of U.S. Totals
Source: Brookings,...
Top 100 Metro Exports
Chemical
Products
68%
76%
Business/
Professional
Services
Computer/
Electronic
Products
78%
Populati...
Top 100 Metro International
Connectivity
Air Cargo
83% 83%
Water Cargo Air
Passengers
96%
Population
66%
Share of U.S. Tot...
Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.comPhotos: Freescale Semiconductor, H...
Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.comPhotos: Freescale Semiconductor, H...
Louisville and Lexington, KY - Human Capital & Innovation Dashboard
STEM Jobs
Louisville Metro
19.5%
Share of Jobs in STEM...
$8.75 b
Top 100
Metros
Louisville
Metro
Export Intensity
12.7%
15.0%
Export Value
Goods & Services Exports
19.3%
services ...
Louisville and Lexington, KY - North America Supply Chain
Source: Brookings, Metro North America (2013)
Motor Vehicles
Goo...
$123.8 b
Top 100
Metros
Louisville
Metro
International
Trade Share
15.8%
12.7%
Total Goods Trade
Goods Trade Air Travel
In...
1 2 31 2
3
Metros are engaging
globally in new ways
METRO
INNOVATION
Organize for Trade
Market Assessment
Target Sectors
8% 9%
12%
Economic Profile
15%
12%
13%
9%
Establish Goals & Strategies
Boost SME exports
...
Organize for Trade
Invest in
What Matters
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
SUNY Albany
Nanotech
Campus
Columbus
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
Organize for Trade
Invest in
What Matters
Network Globally
Chicago
Mexico City2nd largest
Mexican immigrant population
resides in Chicago metro area
130
Chicago-based firms with
oper...
GLOBAL CITIES ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP
Watch onYouTube
Louisville, KY / June 26, 2014
@bruce_katz
#globalcities
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington
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Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington

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Presentation by Bruce Katz, Vice President of the Brookings Institution and Director of the Metropolitan Policy Program.

Global Cities Initiative forum in Louisville, KY on June 26, 2014.

The Global Cities Initiative is a Joint Project of Brookings and JPMorgan Chase.

For more information: http://www.brookings.edu/projects/global-cities.aspx

Published in: Economy & Finance, Business
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Brookings Metropolitan Policy Program: Global Cities Initiative, Louisville and Lexington

  1. 1. Louisville, KY / June 26, 2014 @bruce_katz #globalcities
  2. 2. 7.0 millionjobs needed More Jobs
  3. 3. More Jobs & Better Jobs 81 millionpoor or near poor in 2000 107 millionpoor or near poor in 2011
  4. 4. HUMAN CAPITAL INNOVATION MANUFACTURING INFRASTRUCTURE STEM ADVANCED ENERGY EXPORTS R&D OPPORTUNITY CONSUMPTION DEBT CONSUMPTION DEBT DEBT CONSUMPTION CONSUMPTION DEBTDEBT CONSUMPTION DEBT Pre-Recession Economy Next Economy
  5. 5. The imperative for global engagement 1 2 3 1 2 3
  6. 6. Metros are centers of global trade and investment 1 2 31 2 3
  7. 7. 1 2 31 2 3 Metros are engaging globally in new ways METRO INNOVATION
  8. 8. The imperative for global engagement 1 2 3 1 2 3
  9. 9. 2013 Global GDP 22.8% US 17.5% BIC Countries Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2013
  10. 10. 2018 Global GDP 25.9% BIC Countries 20.6% US Source: International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook Database, April 2013
  11. 11. Global Metro Population 2009 50%
  12. 12. Global Metro Population 2030 60% Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2009
  13. 13. Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2011 31% China Africa 49% 39% India Urban Share of Total Population 2010
  14. 14. Source: UN Department of Economic-Social Affairs, World Urbanization Prospects, 2011 China Africa India +297 million by 2030 +227 million by 2030 +343 million by 2030 40%69% 48% Urban Share of Total Population 2030
  15. 15. Global Middle Class - 2009 | Share of Global Totals 18%North America 36%Europe 28%Asia Pacific Source: Kharas and Gertz, “The New Global Middle Class,” 2010
  16. 16. Global Middle Class - 2030 | Share of Global Totals 7%North America 14%Europe 66%Asia Pacific Source: Kharas and Gertz, “The New Global Middle Class,” 2010
  17. 17. 5,600 $1 billion increase in exports supports jobs 11%wage premium in exporting firms Greater likelihood of health and retirement benefits in export-intense industries Sources: ITA, Jobs Supported by Exports 2013; Brookings, ExportNation (2010)
  18. 18. Exports Share of GDP 2010 13% United States 29% 22% 15% 30% Japan China Canada India European Union 15% Source: Brookings analysis of WTO and EIU data, 2011
  19. 19. Can we get back into the export game?
  20. 20. billionUS manufactured exports 2010 $944
  21. 21. Japan $680 $944 United States GermanyFrance $409 China $1477 $1091 Top Manufacturing Exporting Countries Billions, 2010 Source: World Trade Organization, 2011
  22. 22. $358 Service Imports Service Exports $518 US Service Trade Billions, 2010 $160 billion trade surplus Source: World Trade Organization, 2011 (Data reflect Commercial Services)
  23. 23. U.S. Value Added in U.S. Imports 2009 2% 25% 40% 4% European Union Canada MexicoChina Source: Brookings, Metro North America (2013)
  24. 24. Can we realize the potential of global markets?
  25. 25. Advanced Industries Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  26. 26. Software Computer Systems Design Telecommunications R&D Consulting Services Services Pharmaceuticals Advanced Machinery Medical EquipmentMotor Vehicles & Parts Computer & Electronic Devices Aerospace Manufacturing Advanced Industries
  27. 27. 85%advanced industry share of private sector R&D 67%advanced industry share of patents 30%advanced industry share of engineers Sources: Brookings analysis of BRDIS, Strumsky-Lobo Patent Database, and OES data Advanced Industries
  28. 28. Drive Productivity in Other Industries Stimulate Local Economies Support Long Supply Chains Develop Technology that Transforms Lives Advanced Industries
  29. 29. Advanced Industries Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  30. 30. Japan 3.5% 4.4% France United States United Kingdom 3.1% European Union 5.0%3.8% Germany South Korea China 5.5% 10.9% 20.7% Growth of Domestic R&D Expenditures Average Annual Growth, 2001-2011 Source: National Science Foundation, SEI 2014 Innovation
  31. 31. Advanced Industries Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  32. 32. Source: US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Hispanics 19% African Americans Non-Hispanic Whites Asians 25% 39% 56% Educational Attainment Associate’s Degree or Higher United States 36% Human Capital
  33. 33. Source: US Census Bureau, 2010 American Community Survey Hispanics 19% African Americans 25% Educational Attainment Associate’s Degree or Higher Human Capital
  34. 34. Advanced Industries Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  35. 35. Infrastructure Transport Networks are Clogged and Congested
  36. 36. Metros are centers of global trade and investment 1 2 31 2 3
  37. 37. Source: Brookings analysis of US Bureau of Economic Analysis data
  38. 38. Louisville/Jefferson County Metropolitan Area Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Area Source: Brookings, Metropolitan Areas and the Next Economy (2011) Population 43% GDP 34% Kentucky
  39. 39. Louisville/Jefferson County Metropolitan Area Lexington-Fayette Metropolitan Area Source: Brookings, Metropolitan Areas and the Next Economy (2011) Population 68% GDP 57% Kentucky
  40. 40. Service Exports 75% 62% Manufacturing Exports Population 66% Top 100 Metro Exports Share of U.S. Totals Source: Brookings, ExportNation 2013
  41. 41. Top 100 Metro Exports Chemical Products 68% 76% Business/ Professional Services Computer/ Electronic Products 78% Population 66% Share of U.S. Totals Source: Brookings, ExportNation 2012
  42. 42. Top 100 Metro International Connectivity Air Cargo 83% 83% Water Cargo Air Passengers 96% Population 66% Share of U.S. Totals Source: Brookings, Global Gateways (2012) and Metro Freight (2013)
  43. 43. Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.comPhotos: Freescale Semiconductor, Honeywell Aerospace, Arizona State University
  44. 44. Aerial imagery: © DigitalGlobe, GeoEye, Sanborn, USGS, USDA FSA, warrior481.blogspot.comPhotos: Freescale Semiconductor, Honeywell Aerospace, Arizona State University
  45. 45. Louisville and Lexington, KY - Human Capital & Innovation Dashboard STEM Jobs Louisville Metro 19.5% Share of Jobs in STEM 58th of Top 100 Metros 57.5% STEM Jobs Not Requiring BA 25th of Top 100 Metros Source: Brookings, State of Metropolitan America (2010), Hidden STEM Economy (2013) and Patenting Prosperity (2013) Education Top 100 Metros Louisville Metro Bachelor’s Degree Attainment 32% 25% Lexington Metro 34% Patents 162 Average Annual Patents, 2007-2011 Louisville, 87th of 358 Metros 0.3 Patents per 1k Workers Louisville, 210th of 358 Metros Top Patenting Entities Lexmark International General Electric University of Kentucky University of Louisville Sud-Chemie Lexington, 75th of 358 Metros 209 Lexington, 80th of 358 Metros 0.8
  46. 46. $8.75 b Top 100 Metros Louisville Metro Export Intensity 12.7% 15.0% Export Value Goods & Services Exports 19.3% services share of exports 80.7% goods share of exports Top Sectors - LouisvilleTop Sectors - Louisville Motor Vehicles 19% Motor Vehicle Parts 10% Household Appliances 5.1% Top Sectors - LexingtonTop Sectors - Lexington Motor Vehicles 25% Motor Vehicle Parts 15% Petroleum and Coal Products 4.8% Source: Brookings, ExportNation 2013 Louisville and Lexington KY - Export Dashboard 44th of 366 Metros Lexington Metro 18.8% $4.38 b79th of 366 Metros Louisville, KY Lexington, KY
  47. 47. Louisville and Lexington, KY - North America Supply Chain Source: Brookings, Metro North America (2013) Motor Vehicles Goods Trade Between Louisville and North American neighbor metros Puebla Mexico City Toronto Kitchener London Monterrey Louisville/Lexington
  48. 48. $123.8 b Top 100 Metros Louisville Metro International Trade Share 15.8% 12.7% Total Goods Trade Goods Trade Air Travel International Passengers 51st of Top 90 Metros34th of Top 100 Metros 220,954 Top Metros of Origin/DestinationTop Metros of Origin/DestinationTop Metros of Origin/Destination 1 Cancun, Mexico 7.7% 2 London, United Kingdom 4.6% 3 Toronto, Canada 4.0% 4 Montego Bay, Jamaica 3.9% 5 Frankfurt, Germany 2.5% 6 Nassau, Bahamas 2.1% 7 Montreal, Canada 2.0% 8 Freeport, Bahamas 1.9% Top Global Country/Region Trading Partners Top Global Country/Region Trading Partners Top Global Country/Region Trading Partners 1 Canada $3.3 b 2 China $2.3 b 3 Mexico $2.1 b 4 Japan $1.4 b 5 Germany $.8 b 6 Korea $.5 b 7 United Kingdom $.4 b 8 Rest of S.E. Asia $.4 b Louisville, KY - Freight & Air Dashboard Source: Brookings, Metro Freight (2013) & Global Gateways (2012)
  49. 49. 1 2 31 2 3 Metros are engaging globally in new ways METRO INNOVATION
  50. 50. Organize for Trade
  51. 51. Market Assessment Target Sectors 8% 9% 12% Economic Profile 15% 12% 13% 9% Establish Goals & Strategies Boost SME exports Increase global fluency Double exports Support key sectors Government Philanthropy Firms Universities Collaborate to Compete
  52. 52. Organize for Trade Invest in What Matters
  53. 53. Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure SUNY Albany Nanotech Campus Columbus
  54. 54. Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  55. 55. Innovation Human Capital Infrastructure
  56. 56. Organize for Trade Invest in What Matters Network Globally
  57. 57. Chicago Mexico City2nd largest Mexican immigrant population resides in Chicago metro area 130 Chicago-based firms with operations in Mexico City $1.7 billion total bilateral trade of locally produced products 290,000 tourists and business travelers between Chicago and Mexico City per year
  58. 58. GLOBAL CITIES ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP
  59. 59. Watch onYouTube
  60. 60. Louisville, KY / June 26, 2014 @bruce_katz #globalcities

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