Global warming and Ozone Layer


Published on

Learn all about Global warming and Ozone layer, find out why are we victims of global warming and what can we do to control the situation. Get a clear view of Ozone layer, Ozone Depletion as well as what to avoid in order to stop Ozone Depletion. Enjoy!!!

1 Comment
  • Dear Sir, I am glad to see that my presentation [ ] came of help to you and I thank you for adding information to it that purely delighted me..Your use of informatics have surely made the presentation interesting...
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Global warming and Ozone Layer

  1. 1. Global Warming Our World in Danger
  2. 2. Global warming refers to an unequivocal and continuing rise in the average temperature of Earth's climate system. Most of global warming is being caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities. Future climate change and associated impacts caused by global warming will vary from region to region around the globe. Global warming can be prevented by reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.
  3. 3. Current Situation The Rising of Temperature Decreasing of Glaciers 9 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 -0.2 -0.4 -0.6 1880  7 Area (106 km2) Temperature Anomaly - C 8 6 5 4 3 2 1 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 Earth’s average atmospheric temperature has risen about 1 degrees Celsius since 1981 0 1980  1990 2000 2010 The total area of glaciers has decreased more than 3 million km2 in the past 30 years
  4. 4. Melting and breaking down of polar ice caps.
  5. 5. Artist’s illusion of backwards evolution in case of polar bears.
  6. 6. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Increase in spread of disease. Warmer waters and more hurricanes. Increase in droughts and heat waves. Economic consequences. Melting of polar ice caps. Floods. Fires and wildfires. Storms. Death by smog. Desertification. Tsunamis. Cold waves. Increase in volcanic activities. Loss of biodiversity and animal extinction.
  7. 7. Future Prediction If global warming continues at the same rate, it is predicted that the atmospheric temperature will increase about 2.4~6.4 degrees Celsius (36~43.5 degrees Fahrenheit) by 2100.  If the amount of CO would double, the area of the glaciers would decrease by 60% 2
  8. 8. Cause of Global Warming 90% of the causes of global warming is the greenhouse gas which humans produce, especially CO and methane gas 2 The greatest cause of global warming, CO is produced by burning fuel, transportation, industry, etc. 2
  9. 9. What Will Happen? ~Desertification~ Desertification is the process where healthy land with plants growing turns into a desert because of lack of rain. In the near future, one-fourth of the Earth will be covered with deserts. This is caused by changes in weather conditions, which are caused by human activities.
  10. 10. Do you know what this is?
  11. 11. Ozone Depletion No organism on Earth can survive without an ozone layer. Long time ago, there was no ozone layer around the Earth, and there were no life. As the layer formed, life developed on Earth.
  12. 12. Cause of Ozone Depletion Freon gas is the cause of ozone depletion. Freon gas is produced mostly by the use of human tools such as using air conditioning, and refrigerator. Gas reaches the Earth’s atmosphere in about 20 years.
  13. 13. What We Have to Do Global warming is not a problem in the future. It is already affecting us today, and will continue to in the future. We can decrease the amount of greenhouse gases by using energy more efficiently; using tools and clothes longer; traveling by walking, or on bikes to closer destinations; stopping lights and water when not using, etc.
  14. 14. A molecule containing three atoms of oxygen is called ozone. Ozone is very rare in our atmosphere, averaging about three molecules of ozone for every 10 million air molecules. In spite of this small amount, ozone plays a vital role in the
  15. 15. Ozone is mainly found in two regions of the Earth's atmosphere. Most ozone (about 90%) resides in a layer that begins between 6 and 10 miles (10 and 17 kilometers) above the Earth's surface and extends up to about 30 miles (50 kilometers). This region of the atmosphere is called the stratosphere. The ozone in this region is commonly known as the ozone layer.
  16. 16. Ozone present in the stratosphere plays a beneficial role by absorbing most of the biologically damaging ultraviolet sunlight. The absorption of ultraviolet radiation by ozone creates a source of heat. Ozone thus plays a key role in the temperature structure of the Earth's atmosphere. Without the filtering action of the ozone layer, more of the Sun's UV radiation would penetrate the atmosphere and would reach the Earth's surface. Many experimental studies of plants and animals and clinical studies of humans
  17. 17. At the Earth's surface, ozone comes into direct contact with life-forms and displays its destructive side (hence, it is often called "bad ozone"). Because ozone reacts strongly with other molecules, high levels of ozone are toxic to living systems. Several studies have documented the harmful effects of ozone on crop production, forest growth, and human health. The substantial negative effects of surface-level ozone present in the troposphere from direct toxicity contrast with the benefits of the additional filtering of UV radiation
  18. 18. There is also widespread scientific and public interest and concern about losses of ozone in the stratosphere. Ground-based and satellite instruments have measured decreases in the amount of stratospheric ozone in our atmosphere. Over some parts of Antarctica, up to 60% of the total overhead amount of ozone (known as the column ozone) is depleted during Antarctic spring (September-November). This phenomenon is known as the Antarctic ozone hole. In the Arctic polar regions, similar processes occur that have also led to the depletion of column ozone.
  19. 19.        The ozone hole is an annual thinning of the ozone layer over Antarctica. The most pronounced decrease in ozone has been in the lower stratosphere. However, the ozone hole is most usually measured not in terms of ozone concentrations at these levels (which are typically of a few parts per million) but by reduction in the total column ozone.
  20. 20. The Antarctic Ozone Hole
  21. 21. The Ozone hole as seen from the Earth
  22. 22. The cause of the ozone holes is generally agreed to be CFC (chlorofluorocarbon) compounds which break down due to ultraviolet light and become free radicals containing chlorine high in the Earth's atmosphere. These radicals then break down the ozone catalytically. The ozone layer can also be depleted by free radical catalysts, including nitric oxide (NO), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydroxyl(OH), atomic chlorine (Cl), and
  23. 23. A chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) is an organic compound that contains only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine, produced as a volatile derivative of methane and ethane. Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) are anthropogenic compounds that have been released into the atmosphere since the 1930s in various applications such as in air-conditioning, refrigeration, blowing agents in foams, insulations and packing materials, propellants in
  24. 24. Through an international agreement known as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, governments have decided to eventually discontinue production of CFCs, halons, carbon tetrachloride, and methyl chloroform (except for a few special uses), and industry has developed more "ozonefriendly" substitutes. All other things being equal, and with adherence to the international agreements, the ozone layer is expected to recover over the next 50
  25. 25. The greenhouse effect is the process in which greenhouse gases absorbs radiation (the infra red rays) and re- radiates it in all directions. Since part of this re-radiation is back towards the surface and the lower atmosphere, it results in an elevation of the average surface temperature above what it would be in the absence of the gases.
  26. 26. CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 CO2 co2
  27. 27. A greenhouse is a structural building with different types of covering materials, such as a glass or plastic roof and frequently glass or plastic walls; it heats up because incoming visible sunshine is absorbed inside the structure. Air warmed by the heat from warmed interior surfaces is retained in the building by the roof and wall; the air that is warmed near the ground is prevented from rising indefinitely and flowing away. This process in which the heat is trapped within the greenhouse can be compared to the way in which the heat radiations are trapped in the earth’s atmosphere.
  28. 28. Green house effect is something that cannot be prevented but can be reduced. It can be reduced in the following ways: 1. By opting for greener technologies that are eco-friendly. 2. By reducing emissions from automobiles, the greenhouse gases can be reduced. 3. By preventing deforestation, because plants absorb a great amount of CO2 from the atmosphere. 4.By using CFC-free refrigerators. 5. By reducing use of aerosols because they produce CFCs.
  29. 29. Save the world
  30. 30. Resources    ml Aya0216. (2012). Global Warming: Our World is in Danger. [online] available: Access on 07/03/2014 Joseph, N. (2014). Ozone Layer Depletion & Greenhouse Effect. [online] available: Access on 07/03/2014