Each religion hasits own festivals.ChristianscelebrateChristmas andEaster, MuslimscelebrateRamadan, Jews –Passover. All thesefeasts are well-known in theworld, in fact.That’s why, today Iwant to tell youabout holidays ofthe primal Russianreligion –paganism.
We will start with Kolyada. Kolyada is a pre- Christian Slavic feast, which is celebrated on December 21. Kolyada is associated with the winter solstice and new year. Later it was replaced with Christmas and Svyatka. There are two versions how Kolyada got its name. First is that it has come from the Latin «calendae», which means «invoke». Otherversion is that it is called after the Slavic god Kolyada.
The special attributes of the holiday are gifts and a dressing, using animalskins, masks and horns. On Kolyada people come together to go out and sing traditional songs. They come to their neighbors to congratulate them and wish all the best.
The other feast we’d like to tell you about is Maslenitsa, which is famous all over the world as a national Russian holiday. Maslenitsa is amischievous and funny f arewell to winter and s pring meeting, which means the recovery of nature and warmth of the sun. Since olden times, sunis associated with a new life. At first, in honor of the sun unleavened cakes were baked, which then had become pancakes.
Maslenitsa lasts a week and each day has the special name:1. Monday is Greeting.On thisdaypeoplestartto bakepancakes.2. Tuesdayis Games.
3. Wednesday is Kickshaws, when a son-in-law visits his mother-in-law.4. Thursday, Wide fling, is the most hilarious day in the Maslenitsa week,full of funny games and contests.
5. Friday, Mother-in-law’s Evenings, is the day for son-in-law to invite the mother.6. Saturday is Sister-in-law’s gatherings, when a daughter-in-law hosts the sister and gives her a present.
7. The last day of the festive week is Forgiving Sunday, when all people makeapologize. The celebrations end with the burning of the Maslenitsa jackstraw.
Ivan Kupala’s Day is celebrated inmany countries on 22 of June, theday of summer solstice. The namecomes from the pagan godKupala. This festival is famousbecause of the special rites andrituals, which are observed duringthe celebration.
The religious practice includes traditional bathing, jumping over the fire and various divinations. As a result, this feast is connected withdifferent superstitions, which are very popular with folks.
There are a lot of different feasts, which are celebrated in our country and which areconsidered to be our national holidays, as they represent our culture. And today I tried to tell about the most famous and beloved of them.