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Five fatal mistakes in English usage

Including spelling, capitalization, abbreviations, fragments, and run-ons.

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Five fatal mistakes in English usage

  1. 1. The 5 fatal mistakes in English usage Papers (or journal or blog entries with these errors will not receive a grade)
  2. 2. <ul><li>Misspelling words jump </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning a sentence without a capital jump </li></ul><ul><li>Using text-messaging abbreviations </li></ul><ul><li>Jump </li></ul><ul><li>4. Writing sentence fragments jump </li></ul><ul><li>5. Writing run-on sentences (and comma splices) jump </li></ul>
  3. 3. Misspelled Words
  4. 4. We live in the spell check era. Use it.
  5. 5. To a large extent, the worlds of education, business, and government are closed to you if you cannot turn in text without misspellings.
  6. 6. The habit of checking, and re-checking, the spelling of documents you create is vital.
  7. 7. No school assignment should be handed in with words misspelled.
  8. 8. Beginning a sentence without a capital (or failing to capitalize “I”)
  9. 9. Not capitalizing the first word of each sentence is the quickest and easiest way to:
  10. 10. 1. Not get that job you want. Few employers will bother with someone who can’t or doesn’t write standard English.
  11. 11. 2. Not be taken seriously by other people. People will assume you’re dumb if your writing is sloppy. In fact, not taking the time to fix simple problems is dumb.
  12. 12. 3. Not to pass this class.
  13. 13. It’s true that some online communities Have relaxed rules about capitalization. Sometimes, no capitalization is used.
  14. 14. This is okay, in those places, just as it’s okay to lounge around the house in slippers and a ragged t-shirt.
  15. 15. But it’s not okay at school or at work.
  16. 16. Using text-messaging abbreviations
  17. 17. If u wan2tlk to tptb u need 2tlk in English 
  18. 18. Translation: If you want to talk to the powers that be, you need to speak in English. tkmwfi (take my word for it)
  19. 19. Sentence fragments A complete sentence expresses a complete thought
  20. 20. Are these groups of words sentences?
  21. 21. Although Rachel worked hard on her paper My student editor Derrick A freshly watered houseplant Because I couldn’t find the right program
  22. 22. They aren’t sentences because they aren’t complete thoughts.
  23. 23. <ul><li>What happened although Rachel worked hard? </li></ul><ul><li>What about my student editor Derrick? </li></ul><ul><li>What about that freshly watered house plant? </li></ul><ul><li>What happened because you couldn’t find the program? </li></ul>
  24. 24. What’s wrong with the following “sentence”?
  25. 25. <ul><li>Jesse loves to write poetry he’s a talented writer. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>The sentence is wrong because “Jesse likes to write poetry” and “He’s a talented writer” can both stand as complete sentences. Therefore, we can’t merge them into a single sentence without separating them in some way. </li></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>It’s a “run-on sentence.” It’s not good enough to join the two thoughts with a comma. That’s called a “comma splice”: </li></ul><ul><li>Jesse stopped at the grocery store, he needed a lunch for the field trip tomorrow. </li></ul>
  28. 28. If you have two independent clauses, they need to be separated by something more powerful than a comma.
  29. 29. <ul><li>A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate. </li></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>Dependent clauses cannot stand alone as sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Although I was on time for work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Because Alice was the first one in line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent clauses can stand alone as sentences: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gary did want the sandwich </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>My brother, Greg, was late for the meeting </li></ul></ul>
  31. 31. There are 5 ways to fix run-on sentences
  32. 32. <ul><li>Make the two clauses into two sentences: </li></ul>Brandon played drums in the band. It was a hard rock band. Brandon played drums in the band it was a hard rock band. Right Wrong
  33. 33. <ul><li>Use a semi-colon </li></ul>Craig accepted Lisa’s gift; it was nice. Craig accepted Lisa’s gift it was nice. Right Wrong
  34. 34. <ul><li>Use a comma and a coordinating conjuction ( and, but, or, for, yet, nor , or so) : </li></ul>It was snowing , but we forgot to bring our coats. It was snowing we forgot to bring our coats. Right Wrong
  35. 35. <ul><li>Use a comma and a subordinating conjunction (after, although, before, unless, as, because, even though, if, since, until, when, while, etc.) </li></ul>Though Jessica and Waylon like pizza , Allison doesn’t. Jessica and Waylon like pizza Allison doesn’t. Right Wrong
  36. 36. <ul><li>Use a semi-colon and a transition (however, moreover, on the other hand, nevertheless, instead, also, consquently, otherwise, as a result, etc.) </li></ul>I thought the colors would go together well ; however, I was mistaken. I thought the colors would go together well I was mistaken. Right Wrong
  37. 37. Getting these things right isn’t hard. They have more to do with habits of carefulness than with any great knowledge of writing.
  38. 38. Habit, if not resisted, soon becomes necessity. St . Augustine
  39. 39. We first make our habits, and then our habits make us. John Dryden
  40. 40. Laziness grows on people; it begins in cobwebs and ends in iron chains. Thomas Buxton
  41. 41. Laziness is nothing more than the habit of resting before you get tired . Mortimer Caplan