Cambodia information packet[1]


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Cambodia information packet[1]

  1. 1. DUBAI AMERICAN ACADEMY WEEK WITHOUT WALLS March 2-9, 2012 CAMBODIA Parent Information Package
  2. 2. Week Without Walls CambodiaContent PageHistory Cambodia ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2-8Cambodia Demographics and Maps ……………………………………………………………………………. 9-12Detailed Itinerary and Flight Schedule …………………………………………………………………………. 13-21Contact Details for Cambodia ……………………………………………………………………………...……… 22Packing Checklist and Suggestions ………………………………………….………………………………..… 23Visa Application Information ………………………………………………………………………………………. 24-29Recommendations and things to think about ……………………………………………………………… 30-33Check List - Reminder…………………………………………………………………………………………………. 33 Dubai American Academy 1 March 2012
  3. 3. Week Without Walls CambodiaHISTORY OF CAMBODIANo one knows for certain how long people have lived in what is now Cambodia, as studies of itsprehistory are undeveloped. A carbon-l4 dating from a cave in northwestern Cambodia suggests thatpeople using stone tools lived in the cave as early as 4000 bc, and rice has been grown onCambodian soil since well before the 1st century ad. The first Cambodians likely arrived long beforeeither of these dates. They probably migrated from the north, although nothing is known about theirlanguage or their way of life.By the beginning of the 1st century ad, Chinese traders began to report the existence of inland andcoastal kingdoms in Cambodia. These kingdoms already owed much to Indian culture, whichprovided alphabets, art forms, architectural styles, religions (Hinduism and Buddhism), and astratified class system. Local beliefs that stressed the importance of ancestral spirits coexisted withthe Indian religions and remain powerful today.Cambodias modem-day culture has its roots in the 1st to 6th centuries in a state referred to asFunan, known as the oldest Indianized state in Southeast Asia. It is from this period that evolvedCambodias language, part of the Mon-Khmer family, which contains elements of Sanskrit, its ancientreligion of Hinduism and Buddhism. Historians have noted, for example, that Cambodians can bedistinguished from their neighbors by their clothing - checkered scarves known as Kramas are worninstead of straw hats.Funan gave way to the Angkor Empire with the rise to power of King Jayavarman II in 802. Thefollowing 600 years saw powerful Khmer kings dominate much of present day Southeast Asia, fromthe borders of Myanmar east to the South China Sea and north to Laos. It was during this period thatKhmer kings built the most extensive concentration of religious temples in the world - the Angkortemple complex. The most successful of Angkors kings, Jayavarman II, Indravarman I, Suryavarman IIand Jayavarman VII, also devised a masterpiece of ancient engineering: a sophisticated irrigationsystem that includes barays (gigantic man-made lakes) and canals that ensured as many as three ricecrops a year. Part of this system is still in use today.THE KHMER KINGDOM (FUNAN)Early Chinese writers referred to a kingdom in Cambodia that they called Funan. Modern-dayarchaeological findings provide evidence of a commercial society centered on the Mekong Delta thatflourished from the 1st century to the 6th century. Among these findings are excavations of a portcity from the 1st century, located in the region of Oc-Eo in what is now southern Vietnam. Served bya network of canals, the city was an important trade link between India and China. Ongoingexcavations in southern Cambodia have revealed the existence of another important city near thepresent-day village of Angkor Borei.A group of inland kingdoms, known collectively to the Chinese as Zhenla, flourished in the 6th and7th centuries from southern Cambodia to southern Laos. The first stone inscriptions in the Khmerlanguage and the first brick and stone Hindu temples in Cambodia date from the Zhenla period. Dubai American Academy 2 March 2012
  4. 4. Week Without Walls CambodiaANGKOR ERABayon Temple, Angkor Thom The giant faces carved on the Bayon temple at the Angkor Thumcomplex in northwestern Cambodia represent both the Buddha and King Jayavarman VII (ruledabout 1130-1219). Although a Buddhist temple, Angkor Thum was modeled after the great Hindutemple complex of Angkor Wat.In the early 9th century a Khmer (ethnic Cambodian) prince returned to Cambodia from abroad. Heprobably arrived from nearby Java or Sumatra, where he may have been held hostage by island kingswho had asserted control over portions of the Southeast Asian mainland.In a series of ceremonies at different sites, the prince declared himself ruler of a new independentkingdom, which unified several local principalities. His kingdom eventually came to be centered nearpresent-day Siemreab in northwestern Cambodia. The prince, known to his successors asJayavarman II, inaugurated a cult honoring the Hindu god Shiva as a devaraja (Sanskrit term meaning"god-king"). The cult, which legitimized the kings rule by linking him with Shiva, persisted at theCambodian court for more than two hundred years.Between the early 9th century and the early 15th century, 26 monarchs ruled successively over theKhmer kingdom (known as Angkor, the modern name for its capital city).KING JAYAVARMAN VIIThe successors of Jayavarman II built the great temples for which Angkor is famous. Historians havedated more than a thousand temple sites and over a thousand stone inscriptions (most of them ontemple walls) to this era.Notable among the Khmer builder-kings were Suyavarman II, who built the temple known as AngkorWat in the mid-12th century, and Jayavarman VII, who built the Bayon temple at Angkor Thum andseveral other large Buddhist temples half a century later. Jayavarman VII, a fervent Buddhist, alsobuilt hospitals and rest houses along the roads that crisscrossed the kingdom. Most of the monarchs,however, seem to have been more concerned with displaying and increasing their power than withthe welfare of their subjects.Ancient City of Angkor This map shows the layout of the ancient city of Angkor, capital of theCambodian Khmer kingdom from the 9th century to the 15th century. The citys huge stone templeswere both civic centers and religious symbols of the Hindu cosmos. Historians believe that Angkorsnetwork of canals and barays (reservoirs) were used for irrigation.At its greatest extent, in the 12th century, the Khmer kingdom encompassed (in addition to present-day Cambodia) parts of present-day Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Myanmar (formerly Burma), and theMalay Peninsula. Cambodia and Laos still contain Khmer ruins and inscriptions. The kings at Angkorreceived tribute from smaller kingdoms to the north, east, and west, and conducted trade withChina. The capital city was the center of an impressive network of reservoirs and canals, whichhistorians theorize supplied water for irrigation. Many historians believe that the abundant harvestsmade possible by irrigation supported a large population whose labor could be drawn on toconstruct the kings temples and to fight their wars. The massive temples, extensive roads andwaterworks, and confident inscriptions give an illusion of stability that is undermined by the fact that Dubai American Academy 3 March 2012
  5. 5. Week Without Walls Cambodiamany Khmer kings gained the throne by conquering their predecessors. Inscriptions indicate that thekingdom frequently suffered from rebellions and foreign invasions.Historians have not been able to fully explain the decline of the Khmer kingdom in the 13th and 14thcenturies. However, it was probably associated with the rise of powerful Cambodian peoplekingdoms that had once paid tribute to Angkor, and to population losses following a series of warswith these kingdoms. Another factor may have been the introduction of Theravada Buddhism, whichtaught that anyone could achieve enlightenment through meritorious conduct and meditation.These egalitarian ideas undermined the hierarchical structure of Cambodian society and the powerof prominent Hindu families. After a Cambodian people invasion in 1431, what remained of theCambodian elite shifted southeastward to the vicinity of Phnom Penh.CAMBODIA DARK AGEThis map of Southeast Asia in the mid-16th century shows the major centers of power in the regionprior to the arrival of Europeans. During this period, these kingdoms were constantly at war.Eventually the Kingdom of Ayutthaya (modern Cambodia) expanded to the north and east, absorbingmuch of Lan Na and Lan Xang (modern Laos). Dai Viet (modern Vietnam) expanded to the south,taking over the remaining territory of the Kingdom of Champa and the southern tip of the Kingdomof Lovek (modern Cambodia). Toungoo evolved into modern Myanmar.The four centuries of Cambodian history following the abandonment of Angkor are poorly recorded,and therefore historians know little about them beyond the bare outlines. Cambodia retained itslanguage and its cultural identity despite frequent invasions by the powerful Cambodian peoplekingdom of Ayutthaya and incursions by Vietnamese forces. Indeed, for much of this period,Cambodia was a relatively prosperous trading kingdom with its capital at Lovek, near present-dayPhnom Penh. European visitors wrote of the Buddhist piety of the inhabitants of the Kingdom ofLovek. During this period, Cambodians composed the countrys most important work of literature,the Reamker (based on the Indian myth of the Ramayana).In the late 18th century, a civil war in Vietnam and disorder following a Burmese invasion ofAyutthaya spilled over into Cambodia and devastated the area. In the early 19th century, newlyestablished dynasties in Vietnam and Cambodia competed for control over the Cambodian court.The warfare that ensued, beginning in the l830s, came close to destroying Cambodia.FRENCH RULEPhnom Penh, as planned by the French, came to resemble a town in provincial France. By the secondhalf of the 19th century, France had begun to expand its colonial penetration of Indochina (thepeninsula between India and China). In 1863 France accepted the Cambodian kings invitation toimpose a protectorate over his severely weakened kingdom, halting the countrys dismembermentby Cambodia and Vietnam. For the next 90 years, France ruled Cambodia. In theory, Frenchadministration was indirect, but in practice the word of French officials was final on all majorsubjects-including the selection of Cambodias kings. The French left Cambodian institutions,including the monarchy, in place, and gradually developed a Cambodian civil service, organized alongFrench lines. The French administration neglected education but built roads, port facilities, and otherpublic works. Phnom Penh, as planned by the French, came to resemble a town in provincial France.The French invested relatively little in Cambodias economy compared to that of Vietnam, which wasalso under French control. However, they developed rubber plantations in eastern Cambodia, and Dubai American Academy 4 March 2012
  6. 6. Week Without Walls Cambodiathe kingdom exported sizable amounts of rice under their rule. The French also restored the Angkortemple complex and deciphered Angkorean inscriptions, which gave Cambodians a clear idea of theirmedieval heritage and kindled their pride in Cambodias past. Because France left the monarchy,Buddhism, and the rhythms of rural life undisturbed, anti-French feeling was slow to develop.King Sihanouk, through skillful maneuvering, managed to gain Cambodias independence peacefullyin 1953. During World War II (1939-1945), Japanese forces entered French Indochina but left thecompliant French administration in place.KING NORODOM SIHANOUKOn the verge of defeat in 1945, the Japanese removed their French collaborators and installed anominally independent Cambodian government under the recently crowned young king, NorodomSihanouk. France reimposed its protectorate in early 1946 but allowed the Cambodians to draft aconstitution and to form political parties.Soon afterward, fighting erupted throughout Indochina as nationalist groups, some with Communistideologies, struggled to win independence from France. Most of the fighting took place in Vietnam,in a conflict known as the First Indochina War (1946-1954). In Cambodia, Communist guerrilla forcesallied with Vietnamese Communists gained control of much of the country. However, King Sihanouk,through skillful maneuvering, managed to gain Cambodias independence peacefully in 1953, a fewmonths earlier than Vietnam. The Geneva Accords of 1954, which marked the end of the FirstIndochina War, acknowledged Sihanouks government as the sole legitimate authority in Cambodia.MODERN STATESihanouks campaign for independence sharpened his political skills and increased his ambitions. In1955 he abdicated the throne in favor of his father to pursue a full-time political career, free of theconstitutional constraints of the monarchy. In a move aimed at dismantling Cambodias fledglingpolitical parties, Sihanouk inaugurated a national political movement known as the Sangkum ReastrNiyum (Peoples Socialist Community), whose members were not permitted to belong to any otherpolitical group. The Sangkum won all the seats in the national elections of 1955, benefiting fromSihanouks popularity and from police brutality at many polling stations. Sihanouk served as primeminister of Cambodia until 1960, when his father died and he was named head of state. Sihanoukremained widely popular among the people but was brutal to his opponents.In the late 1950s the Cold War (period of tension between the United States and its allies and theUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR, and its allies) intensified in Asia. In this climate, foreignpowers, including the United States, the USSR, and China, courted Sihanouk. Cambodias importanceto these countries stemmed from events in neighboring Vietnam, where tension had begun tomount between a Communist regime in the north and a pro-Western regime in the south. The USSRsupported the Vietnamese Communists, while the United States opposed them, and China wantedto contain Vietnam for security reasons. Each of the foreign powers hoped that Cambodian supportwould bolster its position in the region. Sihanouk pursued a policy of neutrality that drew substantialeconomic aid from the competing countries.In 1965, however, Sihanouk broke off diplomatic relations with the United States. At the same time,he allowed North Vietnamese Communists, then fighting the Vietnam War against the United Statesand the South Vietnamese in southern Vietnam, to set up bases on Cambodian soil. As warfareintensified in Vietnam, domestic opposition to Sihanouk from both radical and conservative Dubai American Academy 5 March 2012
  7. 7. Week Without Walls Cambodiaelements increased. The Cambodian Communist organization, known as the Workers Party ofKampuchea (later renamed the Communist Party of Kampuchea, or CPK), had gone undergroundafter failing to win any concessions at the Geneva Accords, but now they took up arms once again.As the economy became unstable, Cambodia became difficult to govern single-handedly. In need ofeconomic and military aid, Sihanouk renewed diplomatic relations with the United States. Shortlythereafter, in 1969, U.S. president Richard Nixon authorized a bombing campaign against Cambodiain an effort to destroy Vietnamese Communist sanctuaries there.KHMER REPUBLICIn March 1970 Cambodias legislature, the National Assembly, deposed Sihanouk while he wasabroad. The conservative forces behind the coup were pro-Western and anti-Vietnamese. GeneralLon Nol, the countrys prime minister, assumed power and sent his poorly equipped army to fightthe North Vietnamese Communist forces encamped in border areas. Lon Nol hoped that U.S. aidwould allow him to defeat his enemies, but American support was always geared to events inVietnam. In April U.S. and South Vietnamese troops invaded Cambodia, searching for NorthVietnamese, who moved deeper into Cambodia. Over the next year, North Vietnamese troopsdestroyed the offensive capacity of Lon Nols army.In October 1970 Lon Nol inaugurated the Khmer Republic. Sihanouk, who had sought asylum inChina, was condemned to death despite his absence. By that time, Chinese and North Vietnameseleaders had persuaded the prince to establish a government in exile, allied with North Vietnam anddominated by the CPK, whom Sihanouk referred to as the Khmer Rouge (French for "Red Khmers").In 1975, despite massive infusions of U.S. aid, the Khmer Republic collapsed, and Khmer Rougeforces occupied Phnom Penh.The United States continued bombing Cambodia until the Congress of the United States halted thecampaign in 1973. By that time, Lon Nols forces were fighting not only the Vietnamese but also theKhmer Rouge. The general lost control over most of the Cambodian countryside, which had beendevastated by U.S. bombing. The fighting severely damaged the nations infrastructure and causedhigh numbers of casualties. Hundreds of thousands of refugees flooded into the cities. In 1975,despite massive infusions of U.S. aid, the Khmer Republic collapsed, and Khmer Rouge forcesoccupied Phnom Penh. Three weeks later, North Vietnamese forces achieved victory in SouthVietnam.DEMOCRATIC KAMPUCHEAPol Pot Pol Pot is a pseudonym for the Cambodian guerrilla commander Saloth Sar, who organizedthe Communist guerrilla force known as the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge ousted General Lon Nolin 1975, establishing a brutal Communist regime that ruled until 1979.Immediately after occupying Cambodias towns, the Khmer Rouge ordered all city dwellers into thecountryside to take up agricultural tasks. The move reflected both the Khmer Rouges contempt forurban dwellers, whom they saw as enemies, and their utopian vision of Cambodia as a nation ofbusy, productive peasants. The leader of the regime, who remained concealed from the public, wasSaloth Sar, who used the pseudonym Pol Pot. The government, which called itself DemocraticKampuchea (DK), claimed to be seeking total independence from foreign powers but acceptedeconomic and military aid from its major allies, China and North Korea. Dubai American Academy 6 March 2012
  8. 8. Week Without Walls CambodiaKhmer Rouge Carnage The Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, killed close to 1.7 million people in the mid-to late 1970s. In this photo, human bones and skulls fill a museum in Cambodia that had been usedas a prison and torture center during Pol Pots reign, Sygma.ETHNIC COMPOSITIONThe population of Cambodia today is about 10 million. About 90-95 percent of the people are Khmerethnic. The remaining 5-10 percent include Chinese-Khmers, Khmer Islam or Chams, ethnic hill-tribepeople, known as the Khmer Loeu, and Vietnamese. About 10 percent of the population lives inPhnom Penh, the capital, making Cambodia largely a country of rural dwellers, farmers and artisans.L ANGUAGEKhmer (official) 95%, French, EnglishR ELIGIONSBuddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census)THE KHMER LOEUThe Khmer Loeu are the non-Khmer highland tribes in Cambodia. The Khmer Loeu are found namelyin the northeastern provinces of Rattanakiri, Stung Treng, Mondulkiri and Crate. Most Khmer Loeulive in scattered temporary villages that have only a few hundred inhabitants. These villages usuallyare governed by a council of local elders or by a village headman. The Khmer Loeu cultivate a widevariety of plants, but the man crop is dry or upland rice growth by the slash-and-burn method.Hunting, fishing, and gathering supplement the cultivated vegetable foods in the Khmer Loeu diet.Houses vary from huge multi-family long houses to small single family structures. They may be builtclose to the ground or on stilts. The major Khmer Loeu groups in Cambodia are the Kuy, Phnong,Brao, Jarai, and Rade. All but about 160,000 Kuy lived in the northern Cambodia provinces ofKampong Thom, Preah Vihear, and Stoeng as well as in adjacent CambodiaTHE CHAMThe Cham people in Cambodia descend from refugees of the Kingdom of Champa, which one ruledmuch of Vietnam between Gao Ha in the north and Bien Hao in the south. The Cambodian Chamsare divided into two groups, the orthodox and the traditional- base on their religious practices. Theorthodox group, which make up about one-third of the total number of Chams in the country, werelocated mainly in Phnom Penh - Oudong area and in the provinces of Takeo and Kapot. Thetraditional Chams were scattered throughout the midsection of the country in the provinces ofBattambang, Kompong Thom, Kompong Cham, and Pursat. The Chams of both groups typically live invillages inhabited only by other Chams; the villages may be along the shores of watercourses, or theymay be inland. The inhabitants of the river villages engage in fishing and growing vegetables. Theytrade fish to local Khmer for rice. The women in these villages earn money by weaving. The Chamswho live inland support themselves by various means, depending on the villages. Some villagesspecialize in metalworking; others raise fruit trees or vegetables. The Chams also often serve asbutchers of cattle for their Khmer Buddhist neighbors and are, in some areas, regarded as skillfulwater buffalo and ram breeders. Dubai American Academy 7 March 2012
  9. 9. Week Without Walls CambodiaTHE CHINESEThe Chinese in Cambodia formed the country •es largest ethnic minority. Sixty percent of theChinese were urban dwellers engaged mainly in commerce; the other 40 percent were ruralresidents working as shopkeepers, as buyers and processors of rice, palm sugar, fruit, and fish, andas money lenders. It is estimated that 90 percent of the Chinese in Cambodia were in commerce andthat 92 percent of those involved in commerce in Cambodia were Chinese. In rural Cambodia, theChinese were moneylenders, and they wielded considerable economic power over the ethnic Khmerpeasants through usury. The Chinese in Cambodia represented five major linguistic groups, thelargest of which was the Teochiu (accounting about 60 percent), followed by the Cantonese(accounting about 20 percent), the Hokkien (accounting about 7 percent), and the Hakka and theHainanese (each accounting for 4 percent). Those belonging to the certain Chinese linguistic groupsin Cambodia tended to gravitate to certain occupations. The Teochiu, who make up about 90percent of the rural Chinese population, ran village stores, control rural credit and rice marketingfacilities, and grew vegetables. In urban areas they were often engaged in such enterprises as theimport-export business, the sale of pharmaceuticals, and street peddling. The Cantonese, who werethe majority of Chinese groups before Teochiu migrations began in the late 1930s, live mainly in thecity. Typically, the Cantonese engages in transportation and in constriction, for the most part asmechanics or carpenters. The Hokkien community was involved import-export and in banking, and itincluded some of the country•fs richest Chinese. The Hainanese started out as pepper growers inKompot Province, where they continued to dominate that business. Many moved to Phnom Penh ,where, in the late 1960s, they reportedly had virtual monopoly on the hotel and restaurant business.They also often operated tailor shops. In Phnom Penh, the newly arrived Hakka were typically folkdentists, sellers of traditional Chinese medicines, and shoemakers.THE VIETNAMESEThe Vietnamese community is scattered throughout southeastern and central Cambodia. They wereconcentrated in Phnom Penh, and in Kandal, Prey Veng, and Kampong Cham provinces. No closecultural or religious ties exist between Cambodia and Vietnam. The Vietnamese fall within theChinese culture sphere, rather within the Indian, where the Cambodian people and Khmer belong.The Vietnamese differ from the Khmer in mode of dress, in kinship organization, and in many otherways- for example the Vietnamese are Mahayama Buddhists while most of the Cambodians areTheravada Buddhists. Although Vietnamese lived in urban centers such as Phnom Penh, a substantialnumber lived along the lower Mekong and Bassac rivers as well as on the shores of the Tonle Sap,where they engaged in fishing. Dubai American Academy 8 March 2012
  10. 10. Week Without Walls CambodiaCAMBODIA DEMOGRAPHICS AND MAPSCambodia has a land area of 181,035 square kilometers in the southwestern part of the Indochinapeninsula, about 20 percent of which is used for agriculture. It lies completely within the tropics withits southern most points slightly more than 10° above the Equator. The country capital city is PhnomPenh.International borders are shared with Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on theWest and the North, and the Social Republic of Viet Nam on the East and the Southeast. The countryis bounded on the Southeast by the Gulf of Cambodia. In comparison with neighbors, Cambodia is ageographical contact country administratively composed of 20 provinces, three of which haverelatively short maritime boundaries, 2 municipalities, 172 districts, and 1,547 communes. Thecountry has a coastline of 435 km and extensive mangrove stands, some of which are relativelyundisturbed.International borders are shared with Cambodia and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic on theWest and the North, and the Social Republic of Viet Nam on the East and the Southeast. The countryis bounded on the Southeast by the Gulf of Cambodia. In comparison with neighbors, Cambodia is ageographical contact country administratively composed of 20 provinces, three of which haverelatively short maritime boundaries, 2 municipalities, 172 districts, and 1,547 communes. Thecountry has a coastline of 435 km and extensive mangrove stands, some of which are relativelyundisturbed.WEATHER AND CLIMATEThe climate can generally be described as tropical. As the country is affected by monsoon, it is hotand humid with an overage temperature around 27.C (80.F). There are two distinct seasons: theRainy Season and the Dry Season.The Dry season (Hot) : From March till May 29-38.C (84-100.F)ECONOMY  Industry: Tourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood and wood products  Agriculture: Rice, rubber, corn, vegetables  Exports: Timber, garments, rubber, rice, fishHEALTH AND ADVICEDrink lots of water. Never drink tap water, purified bottled water is available everywhere.Use an insect repellent against mosquitoes. It is the only way to be sure of protection againstmosquito borne diseases. Since Cambodia has a hot and humid tropical climate, casual and light-weight clothing is best. Clothing made from natural fibers is the best option. A hat and high-factorsun block is advisable as protection against the hot sun when sightseeing.When visiting temples or pagodas, including those of Angkor Wat, shorts and T-shirts are acceptable.Shoes are generally removed at the entrance to pagodas. Dubai American Academy 9 March 2012
  11. 11. Week Without Walls Cambodia CAMBODIA MAPDubai American Academy 10 March 2012
  12. 12. Week Without Walls Cambodia PHNOM PENH MAPDubai American Academy 11 March 2012
  13. 13. Week Without Walls CambodiaSIEM REAP AND ANGKOR WATDubai American Academy 12 March 2012
  14. 14. Week Without Walls CambodiaDETAILED ITINERARY:02nd March 201222:05 Arrive Phnom Penh Airport23:00 Arrive Hostel 88 and settle in for the night3rd, 4th & 5th Mar 2012Split into 3 groups Group A: 13 kids to Who Will Village & Royal Palace Group B: 13 kids to Empowering Youth in Cambodia, EYC & Killing Fields Group C: 13 kids to Liger Learning Center & National MuseumGroup A: 13 kids to Who Will & Royal Palace8:00 Leave Hostel to Who Will Village (Breakfast will be ready before departure)9:30 (ETA) Arrive Who Will9:30-11:30 English language activities and games11:30-12:30 Lunch at Who Will (there will be a vegetarian option)12:30-14:00 Games-Football, Board games, Interact with kids14:00 Departure from Who Will15:30(ETA) Visit Royal Palace17:00 Departure from Palace to Hostel88, rest and changing, swimming18:30 Dinner at Hostel8819:30 Evening Activity (preparation for next day)Group B: 13 kids to EYC & Killing Field8:30 Leave Hostel to EYC-Aziza (Breakfast will be ready before leave)8:45 Arrive Aziza8:45-11:00 Split into 3 teams to visit Studio, Classroom, and Computer room11:30-13:00 Lunch at Restaurant in the city (TBC)13:15 Arrive Lakeside school of EYC14:00 Departure from Lakeside to Killing Fields17:00 Go back to Hostel88, rest, changing, swimming pool18:30 Dinner at Hostel88Group C: 13 kids to Liger Learning Center (LLC) & Tual Sleng & Nation Museum8:30 Leave Hostel to LLC9:15-11:00 Site Tour: Study water system, planting, and mural painting12:00 Lunch at site (TBC)13:00 Departure from LLC to visit Tual Sleng Museum15:00 Departure from Tual Sleng to National Museum17:00 Go back to Hostel88, rest and changing, Swimming18:30 Dinner at Hostel88 Dubai American Academy 13 March 2012
  15. 15. Week Without Walls Cambodia06th March 20128:00 Leave from Hostel88 for Siem Reap (Breakfast will be ready before departure)12:00 Arrive Freedom Hotel and check in12:15 Lunch at Freedom Hotel13:00 Rest at hotel, swimming…17:00 Leave hotel for City tour18:30 Dinner at Freedom Hotel19:30 Evening Activity07th March 20128:00 Leave Freedom Hotel to Angkor Wat (Breakfast will be ready before departure)8:15 Arrive Angkor Wat and bicycle trip12:00 Lunch along the trip around Temples area (Hotel will pack lunch and deliver to us)16:30 Arrive Bak kheng mountain to see sunset18:00 Go back to Freedom Hotel18:20 Arrive Hotel , rest, changing, swim..18:30 Dinner at Freedom Hotel19:30 Visit night market08th March 20128:30 Leave Siem Reap12:00 Lunch at Restaurant in Skun (TBC)13:00 Leave Skun15:00 Rest at hotel, swimming…17:30 Leave hostel 88 to Northbridge Community18:00 BBQ with Northbridge students and additional evening activities20:30 Go back to Hostel8809th March 20128:30 Leave Hostel 888:50-10:00 Visit Russian Market10:00 Leave Russian Market to Central Market10:15-11:30 Visit Central Market11:30 Leave to Central Market to Hostel11:40 Arrive Hostel 8812:00 Lunch at Hostel 8814:00 Leave from hostel 88 to Airport Date: Flight Number: Time: Friday, March 2nd EK 372 – Dubai – Bangkok 09:40 – 18:40 Friday, March 2nd PG 937 – Bangkok – Phnom Penh 20:30 – 22:05 Friday, March 9th PG 934 – Phnom Penh – Bangkok 15:40 – 16:50 Friday, March 9th EK 474 – Bangkok – Dubai 20:40 – 00:30 Dubai American Academy 14 March 2012
  16. 16. Week Without Walls Cambodia WHO WILL VILLAGE The Who Will Village is an orphange where the students live and eat. They attend a local government school. Western volunteers and Khmer teachers offer English lessons. The children’s English is quite good. They love visitors.Who Will is a local Non Government Organisation (NGO) registered in Cambodia dedicated to caringfor orphans and disadvantaged children and poor Cambodian Communities. We have no religiousaffiliation and are completely devoted to the care of children regardless of race, religion or creed.We are non-discriminatory and children with HIV or AIDS are considered equally, if not more so,deserving of care as children who are healthy.Who Will is extremely proud to be one of the very few organisations who operate with ZEROoverhead costs. This means that 100% of all money goes directly to where it is needed.How did we get started?Two hectares of land were acquired for the building of a children’s village in Kampong Tralach, some50km north-west of Phnom Penh on the N5 Battambang highway.Our mission – a new concept in childcareHaving been involved with Cambodian orphans and distressed children for more than 10 years,Gerald reached the opinion that the current pattern of orphanages is outdated and children should,wherever possible, be raised in a proper family environment. Permanent residence in an orphanageshould only be considered as a last resort.Who Will is building a village that will ultimately comprise 10 family houses and ancillaryaccommodation to enable the project to function as any normal local village community. Each housewill have three children’s bedrooms, a supervisor’s suite of bedroom and en-suite shower room anda kitchen/living room. Initially each of these will have a house mother with space for up to 12children. The house mother will be responsible for bringing up her family as if their true mother. Shewill buy the food from the market, cook, clean and generally be their mother. Dubai American Academy 15 March 2012
  17. 17. Week Without Walls CambodiaAs the project evolves, the house mothers will be replaced by married couples with a maximum oftwo of their own children. They will be offered occupation rights to each house that will beconditional on them agreeing to “foster” up to eight disadvantaged or orphaned children. Thesecouples will probably be from poor local families so should have good connections in the area.Hopefully they will have some form of family support although Who Will will retain a supervisoryrole with a local Village Manager living in the village to ensure that the standard of nutrition, health,education and discipline matches the strict rules/code of conduct that will be establishedUltimately this village will appear to be just another country village and it will be fully integrated intothe community ensuring the children will not carry the unjustified stigma of “coming from anorphanage”Who Will’s role in the future management will likely entail subsidising food and education costs inaddition to its general supervisory position.We have not come across such a project and it could well be the first of its kind. The pattern can bereplicated in other areas both in Cambodia and other countries once the blueprint has been finalisedand the concept tested.For further information please visit the website: http://www.who-will.orgDAA Students Community Service: The DAA students should come prepared with a variety of games and activities they can offer in English. There will be translators present. These games and activities can be board games, card games, puzzels, drama activities, songs, dance, math games, etc. After lunch the DAA students should have sports, games , or activities planned. The children can play soccer, capture the flag, fun relays, etc. Some of the great kids at Who Will Two new boarding houses Nice place to cool down Dubai American Academy 16 March 2012
  18. 18. Week Without Walls Cambodia LIGER LEARNING CENTEROnce a vast empire, as seen through the magnificent ancient ruins of Angkor Wat, Cambodia hasbeen left devastated by the brutality of the Khmer Rouge regime during the1970s. Up to two million people perished during Pol Pot’s four-year reign ofterror through execution, starvation, forced labor and disease.As one of the world’s most impoverished nations, more than half of thepopulation is under twenty-one years old, living on a daily wage of less thanUS$2. Just over half of children make it to their last year in primary school, and only a quarter ofCambodian teenagers are given the opportunity to attend high school.As a 21st century progressive international learning center, authentic connections to our localsurroundings and communities are an essential part of who we are. Moreover, at LLC, communityrelations will form a key part of the curriculum, as students engage in experiential activities bothinside and outside the campus. At the same time, the center will become an integral part of theneighborhood, both by social interaction and by inviting local community and international visitorson site. This view of LLC as a central focus for the community will allow staff and students to cometogether around that most unifying of forces – the education of our children.The curriculum will draw from best practices internationally to ensure that the highest expectationsare set and the highest standards reached for our students, both as individuals and as members ofour global society.Onsite there will be classrooms, a science lab, music and art areas, and a range of sports facilitiesincluding a swimming pool, gardens and an organic farm.A combination of Cambodian and international teaching staff from the highest educationalbackgrounds will be employed. In most schools here, students are taught by rote, which manyexperts believe isn’t the most effective way of learning. Therefore, the Liger Charitable Foundationwill offer training to the Cambodian teachers, so they can learn techniques that are more beneficialand accessible for the students’ learning requirements.The children will live onsite in dormitories, designed in the traditional Khmer style, with Cambodiancareers. The housemothers and fathers will be instrumental in providing a supportive and healthyenvironment enabling the children to flourish.For further information please visit the website: Students Community Service: The first activity will be a tour of the site and an overview of the center. The students will receive a more detailed explanation of the water treatment and recycling system. We will go to our agricultural site where DAA students will cultivate and plant a row of vegetables. These vegetable will be used to feed the students when they come on site in April or donated to local residents. DAA to paint a mural. Each group will work on the wall when they are on site. Dubai American Academy 17 March 2012
  19. 19. Week Without Walls CambodiaEMPOWERING YOUTH IN CAMBODIA is a grassroots organization based in Phnom Penh, Cambodiaworking to improve the lives of young people and their families.Our vision is to see youth empowered with skills and confidence to be leaders who actively developthemselves, their families and the community for positive change. We accomplish this by operating 3schools based in poor communities (“slums”) that also act as community centers. There, we provideservices and programs for over 350 local youth and their families.Lakeside SchoolLakeside School in Beoung Kok opened in June 2008.The school has a vibrant energy as the community is in constant motion, and has been run by ahighly competent Youth Team Leader committee that was so successful, it seemed appropriate toask them to run our 3rd school in a nearby community further up the tracks. Team Leader and schoolmanager Phearith has done an amazing job of bringing programs to our weekends activities thatpromote critical thinking and self confidence.The students at Lakeside School now have Internet in their computer lab and have created their ownblog.Lakeside School is funded by our wonderful partner Camkids and receives support for extracurricular activities from our other great donors.Aziza SchoolAziza School, located in Tonle Bassac, has been providing free English lessons, leadership training,computers, life skills, and medical services since May 2006.The school provides classes and activities from morning until evening every day of the week. Onweekdays English and computers are taught at various levels to students that mostly range from 6-20 years old. Khmer (Cambodian) nationals teach all the classes, and utilize Khmer and foreignvolunteers. Weekly activities include a youth group, community organizing team, legal rights, art,movies, yoga, dance-aerobics, traditional dance and soccer, as well as guest lecturers, photography,and field trips. All activities are open to all, have elements of fun, offer life experience, and mostevents fill the schools.DAA Students Community Service: The DAA students will tour this site to gain an appreciation for the wonderful work of EYC and a greater understanding of their good fortunes. Dubai American Academy 18 March 2012
  20. 20. Week Without Walls Cambodia ANGKOR WATAngkor Wat temple: Built in 12th century during the reign of King Suryavarman II (1112-1150),dedicated to the Hindu God Vishnu. Angkor Wat temple is the main feature of Cambodia tourism,the all-time visited temple among hundreds of Khmer temple ruins.Angkor, the capital of Khmer empire from 9th to 13th century, ruled a vast territory that is nowCambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, and Laos. During these periods, the Khmers build hundreds oftemples and Buddhist monasteries through out Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia. Despite of Angkortemples are seen sprawling over the hundreds of historical sites in Thailand, Laos, and Cambodia,the main temples featuring Angkor civilization and political culture involving administration andpower are located in Siem Reap province. These temple ruins converge in an area of 400 squarekilometers just north of Siem Reap town and Tonley Sap lake.The Decline of Khmer Kingdom Power: Angkor began in 819 A.D. when King Jayavarman II (802-850) moved a Khmer settlement to Siem Reap province and the settlement became anadministrative centre of Khmer empire. During the reign of King Suryavarman II (1113-1150), inwhich Angkor Wat temple was built, the Chams from Champa from the East (now Vietnam) beganarmed incursions and sacked Angkor. Following the death of King Suryavarman II and the Chaminvasion, Angkor is invaded and ransacked by the Thais, based in western part of the KhmerEmpire. These Thai army forces had been employed by the Khmer King to repel the Chaminvaders. Thereafter, again and again, the Chams and the Thais invaded and ransacked Angkor.King Jayavarman VII (1181-1215) who built Angkor Thom fought and repelled the invading Chamsand the Thais. The glory of Khmers and Angkor was again restored but the it was short lived. TheEmpire began to crumble after the death of King Jayavarman VII. The Thais from the west and theinvaders from the East, this time the Vietnamese, frequently carried out armed incursions andinvaded Angkor and the Khmer Empires peripheral territory was gradually lost. After the capture ofAngkor by the Thais in 1431, Khmers moved their capital from Angkor to Phnom Penh leaving Angkorunoccupied to the mercy of the jungles. From the early 15th century until the late 19th century, theBuddhist monks lived in Angkor and made Angkor the largest religious pilgrimage site in South EastAsia.The Angkor Restoration: The loss of Khmer territory continued until 1863 when France established acolonial regime that ruled Cambodia until 1953. Angkor ruins were discovered by a Frenchresearcher in 1920 and thereafter a comprehensive program of Angkor restoration and archeologicalresearch sponsored by the French government began. The restoration program was halted in late1960s during a political upheaval and civil war in Cambodia. During the war, Angkor suffered heavydamages and wide-spread lootings. The temples, artifacts, statues, and other sculptures were eitherbroken or stolen.The civil war eventually ended in early 1990s and the restoration program of Angkor re-started. This time, the program is sponsored by an international agency UNESCO (United NationsEducational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization). Angkor is again opened to the world. Nowstreams of visitors from around the world are irresistibly drawn to this great city of Angkor ruins tomarvel its breathtaking beauty. Dubai American Academy 19 March 2012
  21. 21. Week Without Walls CambodiaTUOL SLENG MUSEUM OF GENOCIDE AND THE “KILLING FIELDS”Under the Khmer Rouge, the route to the killing fields was via an interrogation centre. The mostinfamous was Phnom Penhs S-21 Prison and the Choeung Ek extermination centre. A visit provides astark picture of Cambodias recent past.The Khmer Rouge Genocide MuseumTuol Svay Pray High School, named after a Royal ancestor of KingSihanouk, is located in an ordinary side road in Phnom Penh. Inside thegates, it looks like any high school: five buildings face a grass courtyard with pull-up bars and bowling greens. In 1976, the Khmer Rouge took it over, renamed the school Security Prison 21 (S-21) and turned it into a torture, interrogation and execution centre. The buildings were enclosed by corrugated iron sheets covered in electrified barbed wire, and the classrooms converted into tiny prison cells for individual prisoners and larger mass cells.All the windows were secured with iron bars and covered with tangled barbed wire to preventescape. More cells were built to hold female prisoners, and houses around the school buildings wereconverted into rooms for administration, interrogation and torture.About 1,720 workers controlled the prison. Most of the personnel were boys and girls from peasantbackgrounds ranging from ten to nineteen years of age who were trained to work as guards andinterrogators.The prisoners included Vietnamese, Laotian, Thai, Indian, Pakistani, British and American nationals,but the majority were Cambodians. Civilian prisoners were workers, farmers, engineers, technicians,intellectuals, professors, students, politicians, and so on. The objective of the Khmer Rouge was torid Cambodia of progressive thinkers, educated people or people from various ethnic backgrounds.Their goal was to return Cambodia to a communist nation of hard working presents.Whole families were taken to S-21 to be interrogated, tortured to obtain a ‘confession’, and thensent to the Choeung Ek extermination centre. The average period of imprisonment was from two tofour monthsOf the 14,000 people known to have entered S-21, only seven survived. Not only did the Khmer Rouge transcribe the prisoners interrogations, but also carefully photographed the vast majority of inmates. Each of the almost 6,000 portraits that have been recovered. The Khmer Rouge kept careful records through written notes and photographs to prove that they were caring out the orders given to them. These recovered photographs and notes are on display today at S-21. Dubai American Academy 20 March 2012
  22. 22. Week Without Walls CambodiaToday, S-21 Prison is known as the Tuol Sleng Museum of Genocide: the name means ‘poison hill’, anapt description.The Killing FieldsFifteen kilometres from the centre of Phnom Penh is the Choeung Ekextermination centre, the final destination of some 20,000 adultsand children who had been imprisoned and interrogated at S-21Prison.Well over a hundred burial pits lie in what was once an orchard.About eighty were exhumed – the total number of bodies wasaround 9,000. Shallow depressions indicate the graves where bodieswere disinterred, some labeled with brief notices listing the bodycount. S-21 Prison was one of a 167 prisons throughout Cambodia, and Choeung Ek was but one of 343 killing fields. In all, 19,440 mass graves have been identified. Dubai American Academy 21 March 2012
  23. 23. Week Without Walls CambodiaCONTACT DETAILSCambodia Contacts:These numbers are for (EMERGENCY USE ONLY) 1. Mr. Robert Landau, Education Director - Liger Learning Center (LCC) (+855)(0)95-929-567 2. Staff cell (Ms. Ivy): 971-050- 227-1503Dubai Contacts: 3. DAA during school hours: 04 347-9222 4. DAA after school hours: (EMERGENCY USE ONLY) a. Joan Wiens Cell: 050- 928 3484 (EMERGENCY USE ONLY)COMMUNICATION WITH PARENTSWe have started a blogspot for parents to follow our daily activities. Please bear in mind that wehave full days planned and the site may only be updated late in the evening.Blogspot: - Be aware that our location and the nature of the program can make it difficult to communicate on a regular basis as we are not aware of the internet access we will have.ACCOMMODATIONThe Eighty8 Restaurant & HostelNo. 98, Phsar Dek (St. 88), 12202, Phnom Penh (+855)(0)78 392 002 (+855)(0)12 325 411Freedom Hotel,National Road No 6, near Phsar Leu Thom Thmey Market, Siem Reap ,Tel (+855)(0)63 963 473) (+855)(0)12 900 220) Remember we will be very busy in Cambodia. The phone numbers in Cambodia are for EMERGENCY USE ONLY. Example of an Emergency: (Student needs to be put on a plane immediately to return to Dubai, due to a family crisis.) Time difference between Cambodia and Dubai is 3 hours. Example: 6 pm Dubai = 9 pm Cambodia Dubai American Academy 22 March 2012
  24. 24. Week Without Walls CambodiaPACKING CHECKLIST AND SUGGESTIONS Pack very light - Remember…. You carry what you bring! It is going to be hot – bring a lot of sun screen and a water bottle  ____Small to medium sized backpack (Carry-on and Day pack)  ____ Light-weight running shoes or Sandals (Tiva-type) for walking and cycling  ____2 pair shorts (may double as bathing suit)/or light weight long pants  ____2 pairs of long pants (or skirts)  ____3 t-shirts  ____3 pairs of Socks  ____small camp towel & personal wash kit (toothbrush/paste/shampoo, etc.)  ____swimsuit  ____sunglasses  ____hat  ____sunscreen  ____ water bottle  ____camera and extra batteries (protective case and/or zip lock bag)  ____repellent 100% DEET  ____plastic bags (Zip-lock bags are very useful for protecting your belongings)  ____personal medical kit - We will carry a first-aid kit that contains a variety of bandages and other basic medical equipment, but we dont administer any internal medicines.  ____If you are prone to motion sickness, bring your own motion sickness pills.  ____extra pair of reading glasses in case of loss or glasses head strap (optional)  ____Journal or notebook for memories of your Adventure  ____Money for gifts and souvenirs Dubai American Academy 23 March 2012
  25. 25. Week Without Walls CambodiaVISA INFORMATIONWe are aware that all nationalities can get a visa on arrival, however due to the fact that we arrive in Cambodialate at night we are making it a requirement for all students to apply for online visas.Once you receive your e-visa through email, print a copy and bring that with a passport size photo to the MS rdoffice by no later than Thursday, February 3 . The process takes 3 working days.Please make sure you have the correct size photo and the form must be completed in English.All you need to do is to complete the online application form and pay with your credit card. After receiving your rdVisa through email, print it out and bring it MS office by no later than Thursday, February 3 ..Web Site: VisaEntry Type Single entry onlyFees USD20 + USD5 (processing charge)Validity 3 months (starting from the date of issue)Length of Stay 30 days (more)Processing time 3 business daysRequirement A passport validity of more than six months balance at time of entry, a recent passport-size photo in digital format (JPEG or PNG format), a valid credit card (Visa/MasterCard).Countries not supported Afghanistan, Algeria, Arab Saudi, Bangladesh, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Nigeria (Please apply your Visa from your nearest embassy or on-arrival at all major checkpoints).Photo GuidelinesA recent photo in JPEG or PNG format, file size less than 1MB..Application with incorrect photo will not be processed..Application TipsPlease enter your information (Surname, Given Name, etc) in English only. Dubai American Academy 24 March 2012
  26. 26. Week Without Walls CambodiaRecommendations and things to think about:The following are some important suggestions of what students should do or not do when on a trip.Many of these recommendations are simply common sense, while others are not, but are based onyears of first hand experience of what works and doesnt work while on a trip of this kind.Culture1. Cambodia is Buddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% The Cambodian people are generally a very polite and respectful culture, especially to elders.2. Students will enjoy themselves much more if they go with an open mind and are not judgmental. After all, cultures in this part of the world have flourished and functioned well for many centuries.3. The faster you "become native,” and the more about the country you learn, the more enriching and fun will be your experience.Safety1. Safety of course is paramount. Always pay attention to your Teachers and Chaperones and be aware of what is going on around you. Students should also remind each other about this and safety issues often.2. When instructions or information is being disseminated, students need to be quiet and paying attention. As a student, if you are not sure of any instructions, raise your hand and ask before we break up into smaller groups and depart.3. No sitting on ledges or other dangerous areas. No running and "horsing around." Virtually all accidents occur, because someone wasnt paying attention to instructions, was fooling around, or wasnt attentive to their surroundings, which are very different than what one is used to at home.4. Be aware of your surroundings at all times. The cognitive maps most of us have for functioning in our easy western lifestyle, do not work when walking around and sleeping in village settings in a “strange land”. The simplest things such as walking, can be hazardous if you dont adjust those “cognitive maps” to the realities of being in a new and different environment.5. Wear practical shoes or sandals when outside.6. When in markets or crowded places, students are to stay in groups of 4 or more at least and stay with the chaperones, do not wander off by yourself. Students will rendezvous at pre-designated spots at certain times during their market or similar experience. If you become separated from your group, go to the rendezvous spot and wait there until the group arrives.7. Believe it or not, parents calling chaperones can be a "safety hazard." If a parent is calling day and night, to see how "Johnny" is doing, chaperones end up being a lot more tired, which can affect their ability to function properly. Similarly if "Johnny" is talking on the phone to mom, when important information is being disseminated to students, this can and does affect safety.Team1. Everyone will model the behavior that we all expect DAA students to exhibit.2. As a group of students and teachers we are a part of a team and will act together to help and support each other in every aspect of the trip during the whole week. Dubai American Academy 25 March 2012
  27. 27. Week Without Walls CambodiaMobile/Cell Phones1. Cell phones with students are not allowed. One major goal of this trip is to teach them, self- reliance and independence; something which is hard to do, when they have ready access day or night to mom and dad.2. Cell phones will be carried by chaperones and staff. We are always able to contact parents or vice versa should that be necessary.3. We will not call a parent every time a student gets a minor cut or falls down. In most cases these incidents are very minor. Calling in these circumstances, needlessly alarms parents and serves no practical purpose. We will not act on impulse. We will first assess any incident in a logical and objective way. Then make a determination of what should or should not be done based on the realities on the ground. In the vast majority of cases, things are not a "big deal" at all.Medical1. First Aid kits with recommended supplies will be supplied by the school and carried by specified teachers or chaperones.2. The school nurse will in-service staff about any medical issues concerning specific students.3. We will not baby the kids. Kids who are babied usually respond by focusing on their ailments or social trauma, real or imagined, rather than the experience of the trip itself.4. Medical release forms signed by parents, giving chaperones permission to have medical treatment administered to a student if the need arises, are kept on file by the chaperones.5. Sometimes it is necessary for students to take a mild motion sickness tablet. Students who know that they are likely to suffer from motion sickness should bring their own supply of motion sickness pills such as Dramamine that can be bought over the counter. The Chaperones will have some motion sickness pills with them and will issue them to students who need it.6. Specific student medical information such as allergies will be carried by a teachers and chaperones.7. Any specific medications for students should be carried by students and teachers and chaperones must be told by the students what they are carrying and when they might need to take any medication.8. When traveling as a group it is very important that students stay together and not wander off. When traveling the staff need to know where everyone is at all times. This pertains to all activities, restaurants, villages, airports, trains, vans etc. We can waste a lot of time and even miss connecting flights if a student has wandered off to have bite to eat.Airports / Travel Venues1. When in airports, students should keep off to the side and out of the way of other passengers.2. The chaperones check the group in and follow the instructions of the airline agent.3. The chaperones will hand out and collect passports and boarding passes when necessary. Students will not carry these items around for any extended period of time.4. No "illegal items" should be carried through security. Get all metal etc., off your person, so that you dont have a traffic jam at the metal detectors.5. When going through immigration and customs, students need to be aware that security is a very serious business and that any fooling around will not be tolerated. Dubai American Academy 26 March 2012
  28. 28. Week Without Walls CambodiaPacking1. Bags should be soft and carry on size. Everyone will carry their own bags, so the smaller the better.2. You can buy and carry as much shopping goodies as you want during the trip. Its easy to buy a cheap bag to carry these things home at the end of the week.3. Checked bags should have a bright color ribbon or tape on them, this helps a lot when trying to pick your bag out from that pile of bags that comes off the plane or the bus.4. Bags should have name and address labels with phone numbers etc.I-pods1. Students may bring ipods BUT they are responsible for looking after their own gear. I-pods may only be used when the student has down time while traveling or at night. If a student is using a player when it is inappropriate such as when they should be listening to instructions etc., the player will be confiscated by staff and will not be returned until the end of the trip.Losses or Breakage1. If students, lose or break property in lodges or vehicles etc. they will be charged the cost of replacement.Personal Belongings1. Students are responsible for taking care of their own personal property such as cameras, money, electronics, [passports and tickets (kept by chaperones)]. The last person leaving a room, should lock it and keep the room key, or turn it in to reception. Do not leave personal belongings laying around. The best way to carry money and valuables is in a money belt, or pouch, rather than in a pocket or daypack.Water1. Drink lots of water. Never drink tap water, purified bottled water is available everywhere. All water must be purchased by individuals. If you are drinking water from a bottle, use all of it before getting another one and you should mark your water bottle in someway so you only drink from your bottle, (health reasons). If we see half full bottles of water laying around, from that point on, water will be purchased by students.2. Bottled water should be used for brushing teeth.Cleaning up1. Individuals are responsible for cleaning up after themselves. This applies to after meals, and any litter no matter whose it is, in buses, planes, living areas, restaurants or out in nature. The Earth is our only home and we need to take care of it and to model what we believe by picking up after ourselves. Dubai American Academy 27 March 2012
  29. 29. Week Without Walls CambodiaCommunity Service1. Community Service is an important component of these trips. Students will actively participate with local children and community members in simple community service projects while in country.Journals1. Journaling is a very important student activity that should be done often during the course of the trip. A students journal should be an invaluable personal record of a unique experience. Journals can contain, writing, poetry, art work, photographs, and mementos.CHECK LIST - Reminder 1. DO NOT put money or valuables in your checked luggage. Always carry valuables on your person or in your carry on luggage! 2. Camera: a. Batteries b. Charger c. Make sure your memory card is empty and has enough space for all the photos you will take. You may want to bring an extra memory card. 3. Small spiral note book and pencil (put in damp proof zip lock bag) 4. Medication (labeled) 5. All luggage is tagged with identification, both inside and outside. 6. Checked luggage has something on it to make it easy to spot. We will hand out a certain color of ribbon at the airport to identify luggage belonging to our party. 7. Any last minute information that the teachers need to know about you. 8. Get lots of sleep and rest, it is going to be a very busy week in Cambodia Dubai American Academy 28 March 2012