Asia 845 khmer empire catayas


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Asia 845 khmer empire catayas

  2. 2. The Khmer empire was a powerful state in South East Asia lasting from  The official name of the Khmer Empire is
  3. 3. The ancient Khmer kings adopted a successful  Being revered as the , the Khmer kings were able to rule over the empire with divine kingship and absolute power
  4. 4. Well- chosen strategic location of the Angkor by its founder hampered the attack by its potential enemies which enable its existence for over 6 centuries.
  5. 5. Numerous large of • • • • prevent floods over the farmland during the heavy rainfall conserve water storage for use during the dry season.
  6. 6. The introduction of in 13th century to the Khmers had turned out to hurt sublimely the basic foundation of the Angkor Empire in the long run.
  7. 7. Water become that caused ( like malaria) . There is a that resulted to disrupted the normal water management
  8. 8. Because the Khmer Empire had to sustain a large population, the constant farming using fertile soil ultimately led to the such as silt affecting the surplus of food the Khmer people needed.
  9. 9. The Khmers were often engaged in warfare with the In fact the Thais in 1431 sacked Angkor and forced the Khmers to work as slaves for them.
  10. 10. The Khmer Empire was the largest contiguous empire of South East Asia, based in what is now The name derives from the French which comes from the Khmer word , meaning
  11. 11. • The Khmer sculptures were carved from stone    
  12. 12.  is one of the most important archaeological sites in South- East Asia.
  13. 13.  were bonded with vegetable compound, carved.  was used in large construction projects, carved.  iron rich clay, soft and easy to cut into blocks. Hardens when exposed to the air and sun.
  14. 14. 5 genres of music known in Khmer culture even today.     
  15. 15.  a celestial dancer for royalty  had a nude chest, has no shoes but with Sampot and Sarong.  had their chests exposed, barefooted and wore a piece of Sampot.
  16. 16.  Theravada Buddhism is the in Cambodia. Introduced by King Jayavarman VII in the 12th century.
  17. 17. Cambodian king renowned as . Under his rule the temple of Angkor Wat, the world’s largest religious structure, was constructed.
  18. 18. posthumous name Paramesvara Greatest contributions is establishment of the Devarāj.
  19. 19. His Majesty surpassed other kings by his royal power. His beauty, naturally charming, giving joy to thousands of eyes, much surpassed the beauty of Smara.
  20. 20.  He was called "Leper King“  During the first year of his reign, he built about 100 monasteries (ashrams) throughout his kingdom.
  21. 21.  Angkor’s original name was Yashodharapura (“Glory-bearing city”) and at its apogee it was the biggest city in the world, covering an area of a thousand square kilometers, close to that of modern Los Angeles in the USA.
  22. 22.  The Khmer were festive people, with many celebrations all the year round. Wrestling, horse races, cock fights, fireworks, music and dances were an integral part of their culture.
  23. 23.  The empire’s greatest king was Jayavarman VII ( r. 1181 CE - 1215 CE) . He built: Temples Monuments Highways Hundred hospitals, The Angkor Thom complex - a city within a city in Angkor.
  24. 24. Article 5 of the Khmer constitution states that the Emperor must: follow the Hindu religion not have betrayed the nation be a member of the Imperial family be physically and mentally capable of performing his/her duties not have committed heinous crimes
  25. 25. Anthem of Democratic Kampuchea
  26. 26. • 2013. Khmer Civilization - History of Cambodia & Angkor Wat. [online] Available at: http://www.cambodia- • Plubins, R. 2013. Khmer Empire. [online] Available at: • Alternative History. 2013. List of Emperors of the Khmer Empire (Great Empires). [online] Available at: _of_the_Khmer_Empire
  27. 27. • Centre, U. 2013. Untitled. [online] Available at: • 2013. Cambodian history. [online] Available at: tm • 2013. Khmer Empire | [online] Available at: y/khmer-empire.html