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Global Slide (Robert, Chelsea, Jasmine, Emily)


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Global Slide (Robert, Chelsea, Jasmine, Emily)

  1. 1. SOUTHEAST ASIA: THE GEOGRAPHY <ul><li>Southeast Asia of the countries we now call Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Singapore, Brunei, and the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>Southeast Asia lies between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. </li></ul><ul><li>It stretches from Asia to Australia. </li></ul><ul><li>It consists of the mainland (peninsula) and the islands. </li></ul><ul><li>The climate is tropical; warm and humid. There is a long rainy season brought on by monsoon winds. </li></ul><ul><li>The region of Southeast Asia is very divided; seas separate the islands, and five rivers, mountains and valleys separate the mainland. </li></ul><ul><li>The separation has made communication between different areas difficult, and over time Southeast Asia has become a very diverse region with many different cultures and languages. </li></ul><ul><li>In history, trade was a very important thing because of Southeast Asia’s location; the have the most direct sea route between the Indian Ocean and the South China Sea. </li></ul>
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY OF KOREA <ul><li>Mountainous region, small amount of farmland </li></ul><ul><li>Hot in summer, very cold in winter </li></ul><ul><li>Located on a peninsula that juts out towards Japan from the Asian mainland </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain barriers lie north of its boarders </li></ul><ul><li>Due to its geography, Korea established a slight isolation from its neighbors </li></ul>
  3. 3. EARLY KOREAN HISTORY <ul><li>Before Korea was conquered by China it was ruled by tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Tribes became federations, strongest one (Silla) chased out Chinese </li></ul><ul><li>The Silla Empire lasted three centuries and was very peaceful and </li></ul><ul><li>prosperous </li></ul><ul><li>Korean arts, religion, commerce and education developed rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>during Silla rule </li></ul><ul><li>The Sillian capital was Kyongjn City </li></ul><ul><li>As an independent nation, Korea kept strong ties with China, and </li></ul><ul><li>adopted Buddhism and Confucian political ideas from China </li></ul>
  4. 4. KOREAN DYNASTYS <ul><li>Legend suggests that foundation was from a hero named Tan’gun, whose father was a god and mother a bear. </li></ul><ul><li>Another belief was that royal decedents of the Chinese Song dynasty founded it </li></ul><ul><li>Han Dynasty conquered Korea, but after uniting under Silla rule the Koreans forced them out </li></ul><ul><li>The Koryu Dynasty fell due to the constant invasions by the Mongols, and internal invasions </li></ul><ul><li>The period of Koryu rule was known for its education, writings, and arts </li></ul><ul><li>The Korean held strong to its traditions and native culture. However, they also applied Chinese belief to their culture to help maintain their needs </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Koryu Dynasty <ul><li>A rebel officer named Wong Kon gained control of the country and became king. </li></ul><ul><li>Koryu is an abbreviation of the word Koguryo (one of the three kingdoms). </li></ul><ul><li>The Koryu Dynasty lasted 4 and a half centuries. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly benefited the Chinese more than the Koreans. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1392 the Koryu Dynasty was overthrown by a group of scholar-officials and military leaders. </li></ul><ul><li>The Dynasty was renamed and called the Choson or Yi Dynasty. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Koryu Culture <ul><li>Produced pottery </li></ul><ul><li>Spent 60 years carving thousands of large wooden blocks for printing an entire canon of Buddhist scripture. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 81,000 blocks in the new set of rebuilt blocks, after being destroyed, remain in Korea today. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Khmer Empire <ul><li>The Khmer empire held the most power in Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>The Funan kingdom dominated trade over sea between India and China. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1200, Funan kingdom seized the most power. </li></ul><ul><li>Khmer empire built elaborate irrigation systems and waterways to increase the production of rice. </li></ul><ul><li>The capital of the Khmer Empire is Angkor. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is best known for the architectural buildings and monuments dedicated to Vishnu, the Angkor Wat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Angkor Wat By Emily Wu
  8. 8. Influence of India and China <ul><li>In the first century A.D., Indian merchants arrived to Southeast Asia. </li></ul><ul><li>Missionaries brought their beliefs of Hinduism and Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li>Indian politics, religion, and way of life became models for their culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese culture and ideas traveled through migration and trade. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Southeast Asian Indian Southeast Asian Chinese By Emily Wu
  9. 9. Island Trading Kingdoms <ul><li>The Sailendra dynasty ruled on the island of Java. </li></ul><ul><li>In 800, a Buddhist temple was built in Borobudur to symbolize the influences of the Indians. </li></ul><ul><li>The Srivijaya empire came to power by the domination of the Sailendra dynasty. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The empire ruled the waters of the Strait of Malacca, Sumatra, Borneo, and Java. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Palembang, the capital of the Srivijaya Empire, held a great Buddhist center in which people studied about Buddhism. </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Borobudur’s Buddhist temple By Emily Wu
  10. 10. VIETNAM <ul><li>Vietnam was the only Southeast Asian country least influenced by India </li></ul><ul><li>Located just south of China, Vietnam was initially ruled by China, then were freed in 939 </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam mixed traditional culture with Chinese belief, such as Buddhism </li></ul><ul><li>As its own independent nation, it expanded by slowly conquering its neighbors </li></ul>