The Prairies
 
Note the similarity with the great plains
Grasslands <ul><li>Exist because of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal drought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul...
 
Types of Grasslands <ul><li>Types of Grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>Savannahs </li></u...
Minnesota has a temperate grassland <ul><li>Cold winters </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Summers </li></ul><ul><li>Sparse and uneven...
The annual cycle for grasslands
The prairie is the soil biome.  Here is the soil food web.
 
Grasslands are not lawns
Variation in the grasslands
The SD Badlands
Grassland fossils and cultures tell of its richness
Pine Barrens
Primary Prairie Community
 
Sandy Soil Profile
Grasses dominate the prairie
Little Bluestem
Big Bluestem
Side Oats Grama
Blue Grama
Indian Grass
Variety of habitat and form
Sand Cherry
Composite Flowers
 
Spiderwort White Avens Vervain Milk Vetch
Liatrus and Northern Bush Clover
Badger Hole - Savannah
Bison – the symbol of the prairie
Bison range in response to human change
Bison are known as Prairie species, but only because they were eliminated first in the woodlands
 
No Species is more tied to the great plains ecology than the prairie dog.
The relation of the Prairie Dog to both grasses and predators is complex
The coyote is a prairie species
But so was the wolf
Bighorns were part of the western prairies
Bighorn
 
 
 
Golden Eagle
Long and Short Eared Owls
Burrowing Owl
 
Western Tanager Bobolink
 
 
Prairie Falcon
 
Magpie
Prairie Rattlesnake
A history book in the landscape
The Tundra <ul><li>Special considerations for this biome include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bitter cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
 
 
 
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The prairies

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The prairies

  1. 1. The Prairies
  2. 3. Note the similarity with the great plains
  3. 4. Grasslands <ul><li>Exist because of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seasonal drought </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grazing </li></ul></ul>
  4. 6. Types of Grasslands <ul><li>Types of Grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>Tropical Grasslands </li></ul><ul><li>Savannahs </li></ul><ul><li>Barrens </li></ul><ul><li>Temperate grasslands – short, tall, medium grasses </li></ul><ul><li>Tundra </li></ul><ul><li>American Prairies </li></ul><ul><li>South American Pampas </li></ul><ul><li>African Veldt </li></ul><ul><li>European and Asian Steppes </li></ul><ul><li>Arctic Tundra – which is usually separated in to a distinct biome </li></ul>
  5. 7. Minnesota has a temperate grassland <ul><li>Cold winters </li></ul><ul><li>Hot Summers </li></ul><ul><li>Sparse and uneven rainfall/snowfall </li></ul><ul><li>Regular and high wind events </li></ul><ul><li>High evaporation rate </li></ul>
  6. 8. The annual cycle for grasslands
  7. 9. The prairie is the soil biome. Here is the soil food web.
  8. 11. Grasslands are not lawns
  9. 12. Variation in the grasslands
  10. 13. The SD Badlands
  11. 14. Grassland fossils and cultures tell of its richness
  12. 15. Pine Barrens
  13. 16. Primary Prairie Community
  14. 18. Sandy Soil Profile
  15. 19. Grasses dominate the prairie
  16. 20. Little Bluestem
  17. 21. Big Bluestem
  18. 22. Side Oats Grama
  19. 23. Blue Grama
  20. 24. Indian Grass
  21. 25. Variety of habitat and form
  22. 26. Sand Cherry
  23. 27. Composite Flowers
  24. 29. Spiderwort White Avens Vervain Milk Vetch
  25. 30. Liatrus and Northern Bush Clover
  26. 31. Badger Hole - Savannah
  27. 32. Bison – the symbol of the prairie
  28. 33. Bison range in response to human change
  29. 34. Bison are known as Prairie species, but only because they were eliminated first in the woodlands
  30. 36. No Species is more tied to the great plains ecology than the prairie dog.
  31. 37. The relation of the Prairie Dog to both grasses and predators is complex
  32. 38. The coyote is a prairie species
  33. 39. But so was the wolf
  34. 40. Bighorns were part of the western prairies
  35. 41. Bighorn
  36. 45. Golden Eagle
  37. 46. Long and Short Eared Owls
  38. 47. Burrowing Owl
  39. 49. Western Tanager Bobolink
  40. 52. Prairie Falcon
  41. 54. Magpie
  42. 55. Prairie Rattlesnake
  43. 56. A history book in the landscape
  44. 57. The Tundra <ul><li>Special considerations for this biome include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bitter cold </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extend daylight and night photoperiods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covered by ice and snow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Permafrost </li></ul></ul>

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