Make it Facebook Official:  Communication Expectations of Romantic Partners on Facebook M. Getter, J. Luti, E. Ferguson, D...
The Problem <ul><ul><li>Communication is at center of intimate romantic relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Me...
Social Media Usage <ul><ul><li>Culture and social media influences on how we shape our relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Relationship Behavior Expectations <ul><ul><li>Relationship Behavior Expectations   (Fuhrman et. al., 2009): </li></ul></u...
Communicating in Long  Distance Relationship <ul><ul><li>Technology beneficial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  Gives qual...
Communicating, Relationships, and Social Media <ul><ul><li>Texts during the day (Pettigrew, 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Theory <ul><ul><li>Uncertainty Reduction Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction promotes intimacy (Theiss & Solom...
The Implications <ul><ul><li>Fuhrman et. al. (2009)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Expectations linked to  ...
Moderators <ul><ul><li>Attachment Styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><...
Hypothesis- Quantitative <ul><li>H 1 : High users of social media with secure attachment style will have more realistic ex...
Hypothesis- Quantitative cont. <ul><li>        H 4 : High users of social media will have more realistic expectations as t...
Measures <ul><ul><li>Pew Research May 2008 Cloud Computing Survey (Lenhart, Purcell, Smith, & Zickuhr, 2010) </li></ul></u...
Dependent Measures <ul><ul><li>Facebook Social Media Communication Expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actions som...
Procedure <ul><ul><li>Systematic Sampling  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designated proctor to hand out and collect surveys <...
Research Question- Qualitative <ul><li>RQ 1 : What communication expectations (via social media) do individuals in committ...
Procedure <ul><li>Focus Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient Sample </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-8 participants per grou...
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Make It Facebook Official: Proposed Research

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Make It Facebook Official: A Communication Research Proposal. Seeks to investigate communication expectations of romantic partners on Facebook.

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  • cultural perspectives and media portrayals offer the greatest basis for how committed relationships should be carried out for young adults
  • Chang- People use specific avenues of communication based on the message Stafford &amp; Ruske- Higher satisfaction w/relationship bc restricted communication meant more meaningful communication
  • Pettigrew: Woman: &amp;quot;I think it&apos;s just nice to get little messages throughout the day…to let your significant other know that you care about them.&amp;quot; using text messaging, romantic partners promoted feelings of being emotionally and relationally connected Rabby: Maintenance behaviors are defined as behaviors that have these five descriptions: positivity, openness, assurance, social networks, and tasks. Stefanone: word &amp;quot;friend&amp;quot; can sometime become confusing as to what the term ‘ friendship ’ may mean anymore, intertwining it with real-world and social networking life Chiang and Chung: significant effect on emotional closeness (i.e. friendship building and recognition) on very intimate relationships significant effect on emotional closeness (i.e. friendship building and recognition) on very intimate relationships Stern and Taylor:that some romantic partners checked wall posts and photos to see if their partners were faithful, in addition to inappropriate posts from others
  • Theiss &amp; Solomon- Uncertainty complicates communication, but working to relieve it promotes intimacy too Jin &amp; Pena- More talking good, more texting bad Parks- This study helps to answer questions about uncertainty reducation theory in relation to online Attachment Theory Bartholomew &amp; Horowitz - basis for attachment theory discussion with four type prototypical model: Secure, dismissing, preoccupied, fearful  Heaven, Da Silva, Carey, &amp; Holen - Attachment styles in combination with personality have been found to predictive of primary and secondary love styles Wedger and Polcar - attachment beliefs are the basis for defining the communication relationships goals of the speakers and the strategies the speakers employs in given situations.
  • Allows users to publicly post relationship status Clear delineations of communication categories: tags, wall posts etc.
  • Make It Facebook Official: Proposed Research

    1. 1. Make it Facebook Official: Communication Expectations of Romantic Partners on Facebook M. Getter, J. Luti, E. Ferguson, D. Thurow
    2. 2. The Problem <ul><ul><li>Communication is at center of intimate romantic relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Media has created new outlets for couples to communicate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New outlets lead to new forms of discourse </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Social Media Usage <ul><ul><li>Culture and social media influences on how we shape our relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranges from traditional (e-mail, phone calls) to non-traditional (texting, video chats) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  All over our daily lives, (texting, facebook, etc.) </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Relationship Behavior Expectations <ul><ul><li>Relationship Behavior Expectations (Fuhrman et. al., 2009): </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional Closeness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Companionship </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship Positivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship behavior expectations are guided by social norms (Fuhrman et al., 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cultural perspectives and media portrayals influence young adults (Abowitz, Knox, Zusman, & McNeely, 2009) </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Communicating in Long  Distance Relationship <ul><ul><li>Technology beneficial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  Gives quality, not quantity (Chang, 2003) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>  Idealization and quality communication (Stafford & Ruske, 1990) </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Communicating, Relationships, and Social Media <ul><ul><li>Texts during the day (Pettigrew, 2009) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commitment levels high, maintenance behaviors also high (Rabby, 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Friend&quot; can be confusing term (Stefanone, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IM has been found no significant effect on emotional closeness with very intimate relaitonaships (Yueh-Chiang and Ya Chung, 2009)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Partners check Facebook profiles (Stern and Taylor, 2007) </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. Theory <ul><ul><li>Uncertainty Reduction Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduction promotes intimacy (Theiss & Solomon, 2008) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>  Relational uncertainty distorts message (Knobloch & Solomon, 2005) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cell phone use correlation to intimacy (Jin & Pena, 2010) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Online unknown (Parks, 1996)  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attachment Theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attachment styles(Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Attachment styles and love styles (Heaven, Da Silva, Carey, & Holen, 2004) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication styles (Wedger & Polcar 2000) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. The Implications <ul><ul><li>Fuhrman et. al. (2009)  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication Expectations linked to  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>             Attachment Styles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stern and Taylor (2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limiting to Facebook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lenhart, Purcell, Smith, & Zickuhr (2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental Design </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Moderators <ul><ul><li>Attachment Styles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Age </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship Status </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Media Usage </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Hypothesis- Quantitative <ul><li>H 1 : High users of social media with secure attachment style will have more realistic expectations of their partners than other styles. </li></ul><ul><li>H 2 : High users of social media with avoidance (dismissal and fearful) attachment styles will have less realistic expectations of their partners than those with secure attachment style. </li></ul><ul><li>H 3 : High users of social media with anxious attachment will have the most unrealistic expectations of their partners. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    11. 11. Hypothesis- Quantitative cont. <ul><li>       H 4 : High users of social media will have more realistic expectations as their age increases. </li></ul><ul><li>H 5 : High users of social media in relationships will have more realistic expectations of their partners than those who identify themselves as single. </li></ul><ul><li>H 6 : Males who are high users of social media will have more realistic expectations than females. </li></ul>
    12. 12. Measures <ul><ul><li>Pew Research May 2008 Cloud Computing Survey (Lenhart, Purcell, Smith, & Zickuhr, 2010) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self Report measures of Adult Attachment (RQ; Bartholomew & Horowitz, 1991)  </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Dependent Measures <ul><ul><li>Facebook Social Media Communication Expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Actions someone prefers another to exhibit </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Procedure <ul><ul><li>Systematic Sampling  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Designated proctor to hand out and collect surveys </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>30 minutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No deliberation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>24 questions examining social media expectations in romantic relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Likert scale ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree) </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Research Question- Qualitative <ul><li>RQ 1 : What communication expectations (via social media) do individuals in committed romantic relationships have of their partners? </li></ul>
    16. 16. Procedure <ul><li>Focus Group </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convenient Sample </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5-8 participants per group (10 groups total) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same sex groups  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>60-90 minutes </li></ul></ul>

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