Starter TaskYou have 3 minutes to name as many film starsas you can: Hollywood UK Other (world)
Starter Task IIIn the centre of your page write down the nameof your favourite film starCreate a mind map detailing the reasons whys/he can be considered a ‘film star’What qualities do they posses that elevates themabove being just an actor, and in to a star
Learning ObjectivesIdentify the criteria for a ‘film star’ Introduce Star Theory and complete short case study Case Study one: Research a modern ‘film star’ and apply ‘Star Theory’
Watch to watch?There are many reasons why we, theaudience would pay to see a film. Reasonsrange from the film’s Director, the (genre)of film, or how it was sold to you intrailers and marketing.Another reasons would be for the starscast in the filmStar Theory considers this issue and Stardom: Starsexplores the bizarre cult that are ‘Film Industry ofStars’ Desire Richard Prof. DyerWe will look at TWO Key Theories Christine Gledhill
Christine GledhillChristine Gledhill is a film theorist whowas fundamental in the development of‘Star Theory’Her study claims ‘stars’ can be defined byfour key points: • Stars as Capital Value Stardom: Industry of • Stars as Constructs Desire Prof. • Stars as Deviant Christine Gledhill • Stars as Cultural Value
Stars as Capital Value Do they make money for the film studios?Films with ‘Film Stars’ will make moremoney than films without starsThey add monetary value to the film andreduce the risk of lossHow much are they worth?What can they bring to the studio? What do you think ‘film stars’ bring to their roles?
Stars as Construct How much of their image is constructed and not ‘real’?Film stars are very much involved in theconstruction of their image. How might they be involved? Gledhill wrote that audiences want to know the ‘real’ person, but also the ‘reel’ star Do you think Film Stars present themselves or a ‘constructed version’ of themselves? Why do films stars ‘construct’ their image?
What do these set of images tell us about Tom Cruise?
Stars as Deviant Do they have a ‘wild side’, or an element of danger / rule breaker about them?Film Stars are famous for their hedonistic lifestyles – we love stars who live to excess andflaunt normal rules of behaviourIn the media we hear more about HollywoodStars breaking the rules than their films – butthis adds to our interest (we identify withthem) Can you think of any examples?
Christian BaleThe modern version of Hollywood bad boy,Christian Bale, is no stranger to deviant behaviour.He has been arrested for assaulting his ownmotherWas caught on tape verbally abusing a crewmember whilst filming Terminator: Salvation
Stars as Cultural Value Do Stars signify moral, social and ideological values?Do they tell us how to behave and what to think?Do they tell us how to look and what our cultureshould be like?Think about what film stars represent –What do they represent ideologically on screen?What is their legacy beyond their films?
Case Study 1 - Stars Using a film star of your choice you must complete the following research project:Identify a film starUse the information on your handout and create aportfolio of their workTry to find evidence or examples for each pointraised by Prof. Christine Gledhill
AS FILM STUDIES FM2 SECTION AAUDIENCES & PRODUCERS ‘STARS’ PART II
Learning ObjectivesIntroduce ‘Richard Dyer’s ‘Star Theory’ Complete short Arnold Schwarzenegger case study Apply ‘Star Theory’ to a film star of your choice
Richard DyerFilm Critic and Lecturer Richard Dyer states a filmstar can be defined from 4 elements: 1 - PromotionWhat aspect of their ‘star status’ is focused on by the studio? This may be details about their personal relationships, personal philosophy and relationshipsIt is especially exciting when a star has seemingly been plucked from obscurity
Richard DyerFilm Critic and Lecturer Richard Dyer states a filmstar can be defined from 4 elements: 2 - Publicity What is known about the star from newspaper clippings, magazine articles, websites and interviews in a range of media A key aspect of Tom Cruise’s star status, often referred to in publicity, is the details of his marriages, and his involvement in Scientology What does this additional information contribute to your understanding of him as a star?
Richard DyerFilm Critic and Lecturer Richard Dyer states a filmstar can be defined from 4 elements: 3 - Films ‘Stars’ are usually associated with certain types of films and roles They are attracted to roles that draw out or emphasise their ‘star qualities’ Arnold Schwarzenegger is a star whose films heavily relies on his star qualities
Case Study – ‘Arnie’Using the images on the next slide and the followingtrailers make a list of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s ‘Star Qualities’ Characteristics unique to the star e.g. Ex Mr. Universe
Case Study – ‘Arnie’Make a list of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s ‘star qualities’(elements that distinguish him from other actors)• Former Mr. Universe• Muscle Bound Actor• Became a star by playing ‘Muscle Bound’characters – characters who relied on physicaldominance and his masculinity• ‘One-Liners’• He brings potential humour to his roles - A man How wouldwith a bodybuilders frame playing comedic roles has audiences respond if theirproven very successful expectations of Schwarzenegger• The audience expect him to display his physicaldominance were not met in a film?
Case Study – ‘Arnie’Working in groups create a mind map exploring thethings Arnold Schwarzenegger offers fans and studios Fans Studios Familiar roles and scenarios that have been enjoyed in the past Huge Fan Base A carefully crafted character ‘type’ Escapism audiences love Guaranteed Return Action / Excitement on investment Proven track record Humour in certain genres Unique star qualities (several) Reinforces ideologies & Commercial social values of both opportunities Industry and audience
Richard DyerFilm Critic and Lecturer Richard Dyer states a filmstar can be defined from 4 elements: 4 – Criticism and Commentary Essentially this is the ‘currency’ or value of the star Questions we must consider: To what extent is their work critically acclaimed? How are they debated as a Star? Brilliant Actor? Incredible screen presence? Stunt person?
Richard DyerOther critics have argued that a star is best defined assomeone who is positioned between the ‘ordinary’and the ‘extraordinaryThey may represent, at one and the same time,someone that we might actually know, and someonewho we aspire to know.Most of the audience will never see a famous film staroutside of the two main ways in which the star isknownWe therefore have to rely on images and informationcirculated by the film and other media industries.
Starring Role?When an actor becomes a star they become acommercial asset of the studio they are working forStar presence is enough to persuade some sections of theaudience to pay for the film when they may not haveotherwiseFilm stars offer reliability and predictability that audiencesseekStars are expected to play certain roles and becomeassociated with character and film ‘types’They can offer studios reliability and are used to attract atargeted audience – the brighter the star, the bigger theaudience