Starting from 20th century it became a shopping area of mainly middle class people as it offered very reasonable prices.
Many buildings and churches with their authentic architectures can be seen in the backstreets.
The residents of this fine district are so proud of living here that they even consider themselves as living in another town; they don't say that they live in Izmir, but in Karşıyaka.
According to the legend, Virgin Mary may have spent the last years of her life in Ephesus.
Very famous with its wine
What do you know about Izmir?Where did it get its name?Its old name?Where is it?Its history?Climate?Cuisine?Folks dance?Highlights of Izmir?Historical places?
SMYRNA (İzmir) ERCİYES UNIVERSITY TÜRKAN-TUNCER HASÇALIKCOLLEGE OF TOURISM AND HOTEL MANAGEMENT ENGLISH CLUB 11th December 2012 Asst. Prof. Dr. İlhan Özen Erciyes University Textile Engineering Department
In history, İzmir is known as being the center of culture, trade and civilization.There are four main trade ports in this region - the ports of Aliağa, Çeşme,Dikili and İzmir.
A History of 5000 Years: İzmir Symrna (İzmir) is a five thousand year old city, situated on the west of Anatolia Peninsula with a population of 3.4 million, surrounded by the Aegean Sea and the cities of Balıkesir, Manisa and Aydın.
CLIMATEPeople coming to Izmir can expect long, hot summers and mild, rainy winters.The average maximum temperatures during the winter months vary between12C and 14C. Although its rare, snow has been recorded in Izmir in Januaryand February. The summer months -- June through September - bring averagedaytime temperatures of 28 C degrees or higher.TRANSPORTATIONIt is easy to travel to İzmir by airway (Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport), highway, boator railway.Traveling to Izmir is possible by direct flights and through connected domesticflights as well. Izmir can also be easily reached by boat via the trips to theeast Mediterranean sub-region.CUISINEİzmir’s cuisine offers a rich variety of food due to the vegetation grown inthe region and its multicultural history. Some of the common dishes enjoyedin the city are tarhana soup (made from dried yogurt and tomatoes), İzmirmeatballs, stuffed artichokes, mücver (squash fritters), çipura, lokma and wildherbs.
Folk dances of Izmir Folkdances, Costumes and Musical Instruments of IzmirZeybek Dances (a dance of western Anatolia or its music) appear to our mindswhenever Western Anatolian Folk Dances especially of Izmir, Aydın, Denizli,Balıkesir and Muğla are told.Zeybek dances are various about 150 types, however they can be gathered intotwo main classifications.1) Slow Zeybek2) Yörük Zeybek (Fast Zeybek)
Highlights of IzmirClock TowerThe clock tower at Konak Square is Izmirslandmark today. It was built by architectRaymond Charles Pere in 1901 tocommemorate 25th year of enthronementof Ottoman sultan Abdulhamit I. ArchitectPere was born in 1854 in Izmir from aFrench Levantine family The clockmechanism was a gift from German KaiserWilhelm II and never broken since over 100years. The clock tower is 25 meters tall andconsist of four levels on an octagonal plan.There are fountains on four sides of thetower.
İzmir International Fairİzmir International Fair has the identity of Turkeys exterior gates, the İzmirInternational Fairs. In 1933 the fair gained its identity as an international fair.
Kemeraltı MarketThe historical Kemeraltı neighborhood in Konak district is the best knownlocal shopping market in Izmir. Originally it was built around 17th centuryright behind the harbor and expanded in the following centuries. Thename Kemeraltı (under arches) comes from the fact that there werestreets covered with arches with all the shops underneath.At the entrance of Kemeraltı from Konak, one can see Mayors Building(Hükümet Konağı) which was built between 1868-1872. This buildingoccupies an important role in the history of the city; when Turkish Armyentered in Izmir during the War of Liberation, the Turkish Flag was raisedon its balcony on September 9th, 1922, marking the liberation day ofIzmir.
Kızlarağası HanıThis typical Ottoman building in Kemeraltı neighborhood was built by KızlarağasıHacı Beşir Ağa in the 18th century as a caravanserai. There is a small cafeteria inthe open-air courtyard where you can relax and have a Turkish tea or coffee.
Hisar MosqueThis mosque is one of the oldest monuments of the city built by Aydınoğlu YakupBey towards the end of 16th century, The mosque stands in the Kemeraltı marketarea.Havra StreetHavra is an important street of historical Kemeraltı neighborhood. Localpeople come here to get their fresh vegetables, fruits, fish and meat. Thestreet gets its name from many Jewish synagogues (Havra in Turkish) builthere. There are nine Synagogues on this street but only four are operativetoday.
Asansör (Elevator)The historical Asansör built in 1907 on Mithatpaşa Street, and Dario Moreno streetrunning to the Asansör, are interesting places to visit in Izmir. Before its construction, astairway with 155 steps was used to climb to the Halil Rıfat Paşa district 50 metersabove. This elevator tower has joined the two districts with the aid of two elevators.Besides its breathtaking panorama of the city on the Aegean Sea especially at sunset orat night, a restaurant today is serving to its customers.Near the Asansor, there are Uşakizade Latife Hanım House and Beth Israel Synagogueworth a visit. The House witnessed the wedding of Atatürk and Latife Hanim in 1923,and today is used as a school and museum.
AgoraAgora, ancient market place, was first built in the 4th century BC to the northof Pagos (Kadifekale) where Smyrna was moved after Bayraklı. Like all otherAgoras of the ancient world, it was a meeting place for all commercial,political, and religious activities for the local people.
Tepekule (Smyrna)First settlement of ancient Smyrna dates back to 3000 BC. During theexcavations in Bayraklı district, these settlements were discovered at Tepekulearea in the north-eastern part of Izmir. According to the Greek geographerStrabo, the name was coming from an Amazonian queen. The famous writerand poet Homer was born in Smyrna at around 8th century BC.
Kadifekale (Pagos)The city on the Pagos hills overlooking the gulf which was founded in the 4thcentury BC by one of the generals of Alexander The Great, today stands atthe location between Kadifekale and inner harbor of Izmir.The castle at 186 meters above sea level is one of the highest points of thecity which offers a bird-eye view of Izmir.
AquaductsThese Roman aquaducts were built on the Meles (Kemer) river to bring fresh water tothe city. Theyre from late Roman period. Today only few sections left from a longaquaduct which can be seen at Şirinyer (old Kızılçullu) district driving from the airport tothe city center.
Beth Israel SynagogueThis synagogue was built in 1905 by Nisim Levi in the Karatas quarter where animportant Jewish community lived at the beginning of the 20th Century.
Anglican ChurchThe first Anglican church in Izmir was built around 1625 by British Levantines of Smyrna.
Saint Polycarp ChurchThis is the oldest Christian church in Izmir which was built in 1625 with thepermission of Sultan Suleyman of the Ottoman Empire and by the wish of King ofFrance Louis 13th.
Alsancak DistrictAlsancak district, called Punto in old times, is one of the centers of Izmir and anelegant residential area. The neighborhood is stretching from the waterfront,called Kordon which is lined up with nice bars and fine restaurants, to the inland.In the old times, Alsancak was a favorite place of Levantines, Greeks andArmenians.Near Alsancak, there is Kulturpark, a place most frequented by local people withits artistic and cultural activities, International fair, tea gardens, restaurants, zooand parks.Alsancak train station was built in 1858 in a colonial architecture style. Trains toAydın, Denizli and Buca departs from here.
Karşıyaka DistrictKarşıyaka district stands to the north shore of the Izmir Gulf and is one ofthe residential centers of the city. The name literally means "OppositeShore" in Turkish, as location-wise it is.Birds Paradise Natural Reserve (Kuş Cenneti) is next to Karşıyaka.
Izmir Wildlife ParkIzmir Wildlife Park is opened in 2008 by the Izmir Metropolitan Municipalityat Sasalı area, near Karşıyaka district.
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city, and later a major Roman city. Todaysarchaeological site lies 3 kilometers southwest of the town of Selçuk, in theSelçuk district of İzmir Province, Turkey .The city was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed around 550 BC),one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Restaurants in IzmirThere are many good restaurants in Izmir where you can taste Turkishcuisine and local drinks, as well as fresh fish.Hotels in IzmirBesides city hotels in Izmir, there are several beach hotels nearby; Çeşme,Foça, Gümüldür and Seferihisar are some of them. These resort towns arewell connected with Izmir and theyre only a short drive away from the maininternational airport.
Symrna (İzmir) is a… Havra Street gets its name … a) fifty-five thousand year old city a) from many synagogues b) five thousand year old city b) from many churches c) four thousand year old city c) from many mosques Izmirs landmark is… Agora means… a) ancient political place a) Kemeraltı market b) ancient market place b) Ephesus c) ancient houses c) Clock tower d) International fairLiberation day of Izmir was announced… The first settlement in İzmir was in…a) on the balcony of Mayors Building a) Kadifekaleb) on the balcony of the Elevator b) Tepekulec) on the balcony of Izmir’s House c) Agora
The name “Smyrna” was coming from…a) a British queenb) ancient Greeksc) an Amazonian queenVirgin Mary may have spent the last years of her life in…a) Pagosb) Agorac) Ephesusd) Clock tower Şirince is famous with its… a) grapes b) wines c) donkeys