1 Several questions about the QHSE Management System immediately come to mind: “ What's a Management System anyhow?” “ Why do we need another system for QHSE?” “ How does this OFS Management System tie into the existing QHSE system or manual for my product line?” “ Schlumberger is a leader among oilfield service companies in quality and HSE initiatives, so why do we need to change?” I'll address those questions in the next few slides.
Objectives of presentation - to make participants aware of the benefits of having an effective HSE program (and of the disadvantages of not having one) Presentation requirements Presenter to incorporate local examples to quantify each of the issues (accident costs, productivity improvements, legal consequences,....) Workshop Presentation to be run as open discussion with participants, prompting input and illustrating each point with actual figures and facts.
Purpose of Slide: Management Systems are all about preventing loss in any organisation, thus maximising the profit, an HSE management system is no different..
Medical costs are just a tip of the iceberg. There other hidden costs associated with accidents. Geco-Prakla NAM: analysis showed cost of 37500 US$ per LTI Exxon Valdez: 500M$ clean up cost Piper Alpha: 1.15B$ GP Mexico automotive fatality: 560K$ Dowell clean up costs: 55M$ (35 till date, 20 projected) W&T France: 10 yrs of leach contamination from truck washbay through lack of an oil-water separator. 3000 tons of contaminated dirt, 335000 $ Shell Netherlands: 6 B$ to clean up 25 out of 75 contaminated sites (1992 estimate) WT logging truck rollover CIS 03/98: 460K$ estimated loss = 1/2 year net for location Each year the UK industry loses 33 million working days through work related accidents and illness. This costs the economy 16Billion £ (27BUS$). The average direct costs to UK businesses is £200 for every person employed. More Environmental costs examples see under legal.
Each UN Hazard Class has a family of labels assigned to it. These labels have specific colors and (usually) a specific pictogram assigned, which denotes the type of hazard. Some classes, such as Class 2 Gasses, may have more than one pictogram and color assigned. In addition to the green non-flammable gas label shown, there is a red flammable gas label (identical to the class 3 flammable liquid label, but with a 2 in the lower corner) and a white poison gas label (like the class 6 label) The only characteristic which does not change is the basic one: the hazard class number. Only one of the class 7 labels is shown. Later we will show all the variations of Class 7 labels.
The Grounds for HSEThe Grounds for HSE
A Good HSE Program Has Long Term Benefits for
the Company and Its Employees
Why Have a Good HSE Program?
The Grounds for HSEThe Grounds for HSE
Importance of Loss PreventionImportance of Loss Prevention
TheThe first duty of a business isfirst duty of a business is to surviveto survive..
The guiding principle of business economics is notThe guiding principle of business economics is not
the maximization of profits - it is thethe maximization of profits - it is the avoidance ofavoidance of
Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
Schlumberger Corporate Mission Statement
“Our QHSE mission is to ensure that quality, health,
safety, security and environmental considerations
remain top priorities for management and for all
employees. Prevention of accidental risk and loss
from process failure becomes a recognized, integral
part of our continuous improvement culture.”
Why QHSE programs?
The Objective of QHSE is :
HSE ManagementHSE Management
The Cost is SubstantialThe Cost is Substantial
• For every $1 of injury/Illness costs there is:
- $5 to $50 of damage costs
-$1 to $3 of miscellaneous uninsured costs
• A range of 6 to 53 times as much
• At 10% net an additional $1,000,000 of revenue is
required to pay for a $100,000 accident.
Hidden High Cost of AccidentsHidden High Cost of Accidents
16% Medical Costs
50% Wages &
US Industrial Accidents 1995:
3,600,000 LT Injury / Illness
120,000,000 lost workdays
Total Cost: $119.4 Billion
Cost per Fatality: $790,000
Cost per injury: $ 28,000
Total US Industrial Profit in
1995 was ~$450 Billion
Cost of Accidents
= 26.5% of Profit !!
How Does It All Fit Together?How Does It All Fit Together?
Any object, product, physical condition, or
physical effect that has the potential to cause an
Drugs & Alcohol
Human (Security, Crime, Terrorism)
Gravitational Potential Energy (Stepping, Handling,
A measure of the likelihood of occurrence of an
undesired event (activity frequency plus event
probability) and the potential severity of the
•harm to people and/or
•damage to vehicles, facilities, assets and/or
•damage to the environment and/or
•losses to assets information under Slb control
Activity, action , human presence
Undesired incident resulting in a loss
•Non Productive Time (NPT) and/or
•Loss of revenue and/or
•Failure in process delivery and/or
•Failure of a product and/or
•Damage to reputation and potential loss of future work
PPE in the Risk Control ProcessPPE in the Risk Control Process
Specific PPE ConsiderationsSpecific PPE Considerations
The Well-dressed Worker!The Well-dressed Worker!
Wear the appropriate clothing:
− Jeans/workpants and long sleeved shirt
− Safety-toed shoes or work-boots
Do not wear loose-fitting clothes
Wear the required PPE
− see next slide!
Do not wear jewelry
− rings, ear-rings, pendants can become trapped
Secure your hair if it is long!
Take off all Jewelry!
Before a Machine
does it for you!
Personal Protective EquipmentPersonal Protective Equipment
Signs and Floor Markings should indicate
specific PPE required
Wear all required PPE for the particular
work activity such as:
− hard hat
− safety glasses/goggles
− ear protectors
Radiation Badge (Personnel Dosimeter) is
required to work in a workshop where
sources are present!
Are you Fit to Work???Are you Fit to Work???
Physical and mental fitness are important for safety while
− Many accidents are caused by
• Physical illness
• mental stress
− Schlumberger encourages employees to keep fit through
regular exercise and good eating habits
Many drugs (prescription and otherwise) impair
attentiveness, coordination and reaction speed.
− These can make it unsafe to operate vehicles or machinery
and work in hazardous environments
− Do not use any drugs without express written medical
Smoking is not only hazardous to your health, but is
dangerous in the workplace
− Smoking is generally prohibited in the workplace
− Schlumberger encourages employees not to smoke!
Special Work Tasks and PPESpecial Work Tasks and PPE
Some work tasks or environment may
require specific PPE, such as:
− Chemical Handling
− Confined Space Entry
− Working at heights
Special PPE required may include:
− respiratory protection
− chemical suits
− special footwear
− Harnesses and fall arrestors
− etc.Special training is required for these types of work
and the safe use of the required PPE
Fire and Emergency ExitsFire and Emergency Exits
The sound of
the fire alarms
Where is the
How to use the
Where is your
Do you Know?
Find Out Today!
Know the emergency signals, exits and
− Know your responsibilities
− Participate in fire drills
Raise the Alarm as soon as a fire is
Know the location of fire extinguishers:
− only use them if you know how!
− only use them if they are appropriate for the fire
Only trained personnel should fight fires!
Follow your fire drill assignment!
Know your Fire ExtinguishersKnow your Fire Extinguishers
Classification Type of Fire
Open flames/embers of
wood, cloth, paper, rubber,
Flammable liquids & the
Combustible liquids or gas
US: Energized electrical
Europe: Gas Fires (add
foam to list in next column)
Can you see
what you are doing
Sight / LightingSight / Lighting
We need to see to:
− work safely
− identify and avoid hazards.
Don’t work in the Dark!
− Make sure there is good lighting in
your work environment.
− Use it!
If the lighting is inadequate to
− Advise your Supervisor
No HorseplayNo Horseplay
TAKE THE JOB SERIOUSLY:
Keep practical jokes out of the
Do not take risks with your own
safety . . . Whether or not it is
meant as a joke.
If you notice something unsafe
correct it immediately . . . If you are
not sure how to do something, ask
Keep work areas clean and tidy.
Beware of slippery surfaces.
− Clean up spills immediately
Minimize obstacles on shop floor
− Use barriers to segregate work
Tools and equipment must be stored
neatly in their proper place after use.
Clean up after finishing the job.
− Use correct bins for trash!
− Segregate trash for recycling
− Keep combustibles (oily rags, etc.) separate
in closed bins
Improper lifting injures more people in
Schlumberger than anything else.
Back injuries can come to light years
after the injury
− it is in your interest to do lifting properly.
Use your Head!:
− Use mechanical aids (hoists, etc.) whenever
− Follow the Stepping, Handling and Lifting
− leg and arm muscles instead of your back
− Two people are better than one!
Hazardous MaterialsHazardous Materials
Hazardous Materials will have clear
labels to identify
− what it is
− What harm it can do
− Basic Precautions in storage, handling
Always read the labels!
Never handle any substance, unless
− know what it is
− know how to handle it
More detailed information will be
available from the Material Safety
Data Sheet (MSDS)
Hazardous Materials LabelsHazardous Materials Labels
4. Rapidly vaporize or are readily dispersed in air. Will burn readily. Extremely Flammable
3. Ignite under normal conditions. Produces hazardous atmospheres with air.
2. Will ignite when moderately heated
1. Must be preheated before ignition can occur
4: Too dangerous to approach
protective equipment. Can
3: Can cause serious injury on
short exposure. Gives off
highly toxic combustion
products. Full protective
clothing is necessary.
2: Can cause injury on
protective equipment is
1: Can cause irritation.
4: Readily capable of Detonation
or explosive reaction at
3: May detonate if exposed to
heat or shock.
2: Undergo violent chemical
change at elevated
temperatures and pressures
1: Normally stable. Can be
unstable at elevated
temperatures or pressures
ACID - acid
ALK - alkali
COR - corrosive
OXY - oxidizer
P - polymerization
- use no water
Hazardous Materials LabelsHazardous Materials Labels
Common labeling system used for chemical products
Indicates requirement for Personal Protective Equipment
Similar Hazard rating to NFPA 704
PERSONAL PROTECTION X
First AidFirst Aid
Know location of first aid kits
− Report if any items missing from kit!
Know who are the First Aiders.
Know location of eye wash stations
Call Emergency Services immediately
for any serious injury
− Numbers should be displayed in the
First Aid kits are for workplace emergencies:
Do not use them as a source of medication
for non-work related illnesses!
Only qualified electricians may work on
electrical circuits or machinery
Make sure that electrical appliances are
properly grounded . . .
− Three-pin plugs
All electrical equipment should have
− circuit breakers or in-line fuses
− Ground fault detectors/circuit breakers
Make sure any temporary extension cord
is adequately rated for the job
− Carefully route away from sharp corners,
Flammable LiquidsFlammable Liquids
Cleaning fluids/Solvents with flash point
below 140º F (Varsol, Kerosene,
Gasoline, etc.) may not be used:
− Use high flashpoint SafetyKleen, etc.
All flammables must be kept in properly
labeled closed containers
Paints and solvents must be locked up
when not in use :
− These substances are fire hazards, and also
release explosive vapors.
Use only well ventilated areas.
No smoking signs clearly displayed.
Compressed AirCompressed Air
Compressed air lines should be
regulated to max 110 psi
compressors which start
automatically must be labeled
Appropriate air nozzles with
relief valves must be used
− Improper nozzles can inject air into
− air can enter blood stream, reach
heart and cause heart failure/death
Eye protection must be used
when using compressed air
Tools and MachineryTools and Machinery
Only use tools and machinery that you have been trained to use
Inspect all hand tools and machinery before using them
Use hand tools correctly
− do not use screwdriver as pry-bar or chisel
− do not use cheater bars on wrenches
− do not use “stilson” or pipe wrenches to torque nuts and/or bolts
Chose the correct type of wrench for the job. In order of
preference (from safety and efficiency) use:
1: Socket wrench
2: Ring wrench
3: Open-ended wrench
Machine GuardingMachine Guarding
Guards are provided on machines to
protect operators from injury
Guards must be in place on all belts,
gears, blades, moving or reciprocating
Never remove or tamper with a guards
while the machine is being operated
Prior to removing any guard, the
machine must be powered down, the
energy sources disengaged and
This lock/tag may
only be removed by:
Lockout-Tagout is applied to
sources of energy when
machinery is being
Never remove a lock or tag
Never attempt to start a
machine which is locked or
Never try to operate a switch
or valve which has been
locked or tagged out
Welding and CuttingWelding and Cutting
Only trained and authorized personnel may
use welding equipment.
− All other people should stay away from welding
Welding shall normally be performed in a
− any welding in the general shop area shall be
segregated by barriers
Arc welding presents hazards to the eyes
− must be done behind a screen
− never look at the arc without a welders mask
Welding and Cutting are Hazardous Activities!
Grinding EquipmentGrinding Equipment
Inspect Grinder before use:
− Grinding stone and wire brushes in
− grinder is secured to base and the
guards are fitted.
− Workpiece support must be close to
stone (max 1/8” - 3 mm)
Grinding wheels can be fitted only
by trained personnel.
Eye protection must be used
Grinding must be done in front of
the wheel and not on the side of the
Drilling EquipmentDrilling Equipment
Inspect drill press prior to use:
− Drilling equipment is in good shape.
− The overhead drill is secured to its base.
− Guards are fitted.
Secure the piece being drilled with
− Do not hold piece being drilled!
Use eye protection.
Drill bits mounted properly.
Correct bit for material to be drilled!
Forklift OperationsForklift Operations
Only authorized personnel may operate
Be aware of, and stay clear of, forklift
− Listen for warning horn and backup beeper
If Assisting forklift operations:
− Stay in sight of forklift operator
− place load to back of forks and balanced
(spread forks to accommodate load)
− never ride on forks!
Forklifts may not be used to lift people
unless fitted with special personnel basket
Crane / Lifting OperationsCrane / Lifting Operations
All cranes may only be operated by trained
and authorized operators
Improper crane and lifting operations
cause many industrial accidents:
− Stay clear of crane operations
− If assisting, loads should be guided by lines, not
− Never walk or place any part of your body
under a suspended load.
− Never ride the load!
Personnel may never be lifted by crane
except in a personnel basket
All loads should be secured properly using
the correct slings or chains
Special HazardsSpecial Hazards
Radioactive materials, Explosives and highly
hazardous Chemicals are present in certain
Only specially trained personnel are allowed to work
with, or come close to stores of, these materials
Recognize the signs and obey them!
− Do not approach or enter storage areas for these
− Do not approach or enter work areas with these hazards
− Do not handle packages with warning labels for these
UN Hazard Classes: LabelsUN Hazard Classes: Labels
NC AU T I O
AC T I V E MAT
I AT I O
N A R
Radioactive MaterialsRadioactive Materials
The radiation from radioactive
sources, called Ionizing Radiation,
cannot be sensed:
− Seen, Felt, Touched, Heard, Tasted
We are constantly surrounded by this
radiation from nature, without apparent
Some sources of Ionizing Radiation,
without suitable protective measures,
can cause harm.
Always do everything to keep
What to Do about Radiation?What to Do about Radiation?
− Wear Dosimeter badge
− Follow all radiation policies and procedures
− Maintain your training certification current
− Do not panic non-radiation workers with “Danger Stories”: only
state the facts as you know them or refer questioner to
− Do not approach areas where radioactive sources are stored
− Do not approach areas where radioactive sources are in use
− Do not speculate about dangers of radiation: Know your Facts!
Only properly trained and authorized
employees may handle, transport or work
− No unauthorized entry in explosives stores or
No smoking in explosive shop
No electrically operated equipment in the gun
Explosives must be securely stored to avoid
explosion or theft: if you find any explosives
outside their correct stores,
− secure the site
− do not handle
− advise your supervisor
Hazardous ChemicalsHazardous Chemicals
Some segments (specifically Stimulation services) use highly
hazardous chemicals, which require
− special storage
− special transport
− special handling
− special work clothes and PPE
Unless authorized, trained and equipped to do so, do not
− bulk chemical stores or tanks
− worksites where these chemicals are being used
− chemical transports
If you find any misplaced or spilled chemicals:
− secure the area
− advise your supervisor
• Prevention is better than cure.
• Efficiency, we want no choice!
• Financially, is there a choice?
• Commercially, clients have choices!
• Legally, we are not given a choice!
• Ethically, we have no choice!
• Motivated and well educated people are essential