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  1. 1. SchlumbergerPrivate The Grounds for HSEThe Grounds for HSE
  2. 2. SchlumbergerPrivate A Good HSE Program Has Long Term Benefits for the Company and Its Employees Why Have a Good HSE Program? The Grounds for HSEThe Grounds for HSE
  3. 3. SchlumbergerPrivate Importance of Loss PreventionImportance of Loss Prevention TheThe first duty of a business isfirst duty of a business is to surviveto survive.. The guiding principle of business economics is notThe guiding principle of business economics is not the maximization of profits - it is thethe maximization of profits - it is the avoidance ofavoidance of loss.loss. Peter DruckerPeter Drucker
  4. 4. SchlumbergerPrivate Schlumberger Corporate Mission Statement “Our QHSE mission is to ensure that quality, health, safety, security and environmental considerations remain top priorities for management and for all employees. Prevention of accidental risk and loss from process failure becomes a recognized, integral part of our continuous improvement culture.” Why QHSE programs?
  5. 5. SchlumbergerPrivate Loss Prevention The Objective of QHSE is : HSE ManagementHSE Management
  6. 6. SchlumbergerPrivate Loss Prevention Human Loss Time/Revenue Loss Asset Loss Information Loss
  7. 7. SchlumbergerPrivate The Cost is SubstantialThe Cost is Substantial • For every $1 of injury/Illness costs there is: - $5 to $50 of damage costs -$1 to $3 of miscellaneous uninsured costs • A range of 6 to 53 times as much • At 10% net an additional $1,000,000 of revenue is required to pay for a $100,000 accident.
  8. 8. SchlumbergerPrivate Hidden High Cost of AccidentsHidden High Cost of Accidents 16% Medical Costs 50% Wages & Productivity Losses 22% Administrative Costs 3% Property Damage 9% Emergency Response & Investigation Costs  US Industrial Accidents 1995:  6600 Fatalities  3,600,000 LT Injury / Illness  120,000,000 lost workdays  Total Cost: $119.4 Billion  Cost per Fatality: $790,000  Cost per injury: $ 28,000  Total US Industrial Profit in 1995 was ~$450 Billion  Cost of Accidents = 26.5% of Profit !!
  9. 9. SchlumbergerPrivate How Does It All Fit Together?How Does It All Fit Together? Any object, product, physical condition, or physical effect that has the potential to cause an undesired event. Air Transport Biohazard/Illness Drugs & Alcohol Electrical Explosives Fire/Flammable Human (Security, Crime, Terrorism) Unsecured Data/Information Land Transport Machinery/Equipment/Hand tools Natural Phenomenon Noise/Nuisance Gravitational Potential Energy (Stepping, Handling, Lifting) Pressure Radiation Temperature Toxic/Corrosive/Hazardous Chemicals Vibration Water Transport Hazard Activity + = Risk A measure of the likelihood of occurrence of an undesired event (activity frequency plus event probability) and the potential severity of the consequences. Event Consequences (Loss) •harm to people and/or •damage to vehicles, facilities, assets and/or •damage to the environment and/or •losses to assets information under Slb control Activity, action , human presence Undesired incident resulting in a loss •Non Productive Time (NPT) and/or •Loss of revenue and/or •Failure in process delivery and/or •Failure of a product and/or •Damage to reputation and potential loss of future work HSE SQ Hazard Catalog
  10. 10. SchlumbergerPrivate PPE in the Risk Control ProcessPPE in the Risk Control Process PPEPPE
  11. 11. SchlumbergerPrivate Specific PPE ConsiderationsSpecific PPE Considerations Jewelry and Accessories Body Protection Eye Protection Head Protection Foot Protection Hand Protection Fall Protection Hearing Protection Electrical Protection Respiratory Protection Drowning Protection
  12. 12. SchlumbergerPrivate The Well-dressed Worker!The Well-dressed Worker!  Wear the appropriate clothing: − coveralls − Jeans/workpants and long sleeved shirt − Safety-toed shoes or work-boots  Do not wear loose-fitting clothes  Wear the required PPE − see next slide!  Do not wear jewelry − rings, ear-rings, pendants can become trapped by machinery!  Secure your hair if it is long! Take off all Jewelry! Before a Machine does it for you!
  13. 13. SchlumbergerPrivate Personal Protective EquipmentPersonal Protective Equipment  Signs and Floor Markings should indicate specific PPE required  Wear all required PPE for the particular work activity such as: − hard hat − gloves − safety glasses/goggles − ear protectors  Radiation Badge (Personnel Dosimeter) is required to work in a workshop where sources are present!
  14. 14. SchlumbergerPrivate Are you Fit to Work???Are you Fit to Work???  Physical and mental fitness are important for safety while working − Many accidents are caused by • Physical illness • mental stress − Schlumberger encourages employees to keep fit through regular exercise and good eating habits  Many drugs (prescription and otherwise) impair attentiveness, coordination and reaction speed. − These can make it unsafe to operate vehicles or machinery and work in hazardous environments − Do not use any drugs without express written medical authorization.  Smoking is not only hazardous to your health, but is dangerous in the workplace − Smoking is generally prohibited in the workplace − Schlumberger encourages employees not to smoke!
  15. 15. SchlumbergerPrivate Special Work Tasks and PPESpecial Work Tasks and PPE  Some work tasks or environment may require specific PPE, such as: − Chemical Handling − Confined Space Entry − Working at heights  Special PPE required may include: − respiratory protection − chemical suits − special footwear − Harnesses and fall arrestors − etc.Special training is required for these types of work and the safe use of the required PPE
  16. 16. SchlumbergerPrivate Fire and Emergency ExitsFire and Emergency Exits The sound of the fire alarms Where is the nearest Extinguisher? How to give the alarm How to use the fire-fighting Equipment Where is your escape route? Do you Know? Find Out Today!  Know the emergency signals, exits and assembly points. − Know your responsibilities − Participate in fire drills  Raise the Alarm as soon as a fire is detected  Know the location of fire extinguishers: − only use them if you know how! − only use them if they are appropriate for the fire (type/size!)  Only trained personnel should fight fires!  Follow your fire drill assignment!
  17. 17. SchlumbergerPrivate Know your Fire ExtinguishersKnow your Fire Extinguishers A B C D Fire Classification Type of Fire Type of Extinguisher Extinguisher Identification Open flames/embers of ordinary combustibles: wood, cloth, paper, rubber, some plastics Flammable liquids & the associated vapors, Combustible liquids or gas US: Energized electrical equipment Europe: Gas Fires (add foam to list in next column) Combustible Metals: Magnesium, titanium, Lithium, etc. Water, Dry Powder, Halon Carbon Dioxide, Dry Powder, Halon Dry Powder, Carbon Dioxide, Halon Special Agents D C A B
  18. 18. SchlumbergerPrivate Can you see what you are doing ??? Sight / LightingSight / Lighting  We need to see to: − work safely − identify and avoid hazards.  Don’t work in the Dark! − Make sure there is good lighting in your work environment. − Use it!  If the lighting is inadequate to work safely: − Stop! − Advise your Supervisor
  19. 19. SchlumbergerPrivate No HorseplayNo Horseplay TAKE THE JOB SERIOUSLY:  Keep practical jokes out of the Workplace  Do not take risks with your own safety . . . Whether or not it is meant as a joke.  If you notice something unsafe correct it immediately . . . If you are not sure how to do something, ask a supervisor.
  20. 20. SchlumbergerPrivate HousekeepingHousekeeping  Keep work areas clean and tidy.  Beware of slippery surfaces. − Clean up spills immediately  Minimize obstacles on shop floor − Use barriers to segregate work  Tools and equipment must be stored neatly in their proper place after use.  Clean up after finishing the job. − Use correct bins for trash! − Segregate trash for recycling − Keep combustibles (oily rags, etc.) separate in closed bins
  21. 21. SchlumbergerPrivate LiftingLifting  Improper lifting injures more people in Schlumberger than anything else.  Back injuries can come to light years after the injury − it is in your interest to do lifting properly.  Use your Head!: − Use mechanical aids (hoists, etc.) whenever possible! − Follow the Stepping, Handling and Lifting training! − leg and arm muscles instead of your back muscles. − Two people are better than one!
  22. 22. SchlumbergerPrivate Hazardous MaterialsHazardous Materials  Hazardous Materials will have clear labels to identify − what it is − What harm it can do − Basic Precautions in storage, handling and use  Always read the labels!  Never handle any substance, unless you: − know what it is − know how to handle it  More detailed information will be available from the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  23. 23. SchlumbergerPrivate Hazardous Materials LabelsHazardous Materials Labels Flammability Hazards: 4. Rapidly vaporize or are readily dispersed in air. Will burn readily. Extremely Flammable 3. Ignite under normal conditions. Produces hazardous atmospheres with air. 2. Will ignite when moderately heated 1. Must be preheated before ignition can occur Health Hazards: 4: Too dangerous to approach without specialized protective equipment. Can cause death. 3: Can cause serious injury on short exposure. Gives off highly toxic combustion products. Full protective clothing is necessary. 2: Can cause injury on exposure. Respiratory protective equipment is necessary 1: Can cause irritation. Reactivity Hazards: 4: Readily capable of Detonation or explosive reaction at normal temperatures 3: May detonate if exposed to heat or shock. 2: Undergo violent chemical change at elevated temperatures and pressures 1: Normally stable. Can be unstable at elevated temperatures or pressures Special Hazards: ACID - acid ALK - alkali COR - corrosive OXY - oxidizer P - polymerization - radioactive - use no water 3 4 3 W W
  24. 24. SchlumbergerPrivate Hazardous Materials LabelsHazardous Materials Labels Common labeling system used for chemical products Indicates requirement for Personal Protective Equipment Similar Hazard rating to NFPA 704 HEALTH FLAMMABILITY REACTIVITY PERSONAL PROTECTION X chemical name
  25. 25. SchlumbergerPrivate First AidFirst Aid  Know location of first aid kits − Report if any items missing from kit!  Know who are the First Aiders.  Know location of eye wash stations  Call Emergency Services immediately for any serious injury − Numbers should be displayed in the workplace First Aid kits are for workplace emergencies: Do not use them as a source of medication for non-work related illnesses!
  26. 26. SchlumbergerPrivate ElectricalElectrical  Only qualified electricians may work on electrical circuits or machinery  Make sure that electrical appliances are properly grounded . . . − Three-pin plugs  All electrical equipment should have adequate protection: − circuit breakers or in-line fuses − Ground fault detectors/circuit breakers  Make sure any temporary extension cord is adequately rated for the job − Carefully route away from sharp corners, walkways, water!
  27. 27. SchlumbergerPrivate Flammable LiquidsFlammable Liquids  Cleaning fluids/Solvents with flash point below 140º F (Varsol, Kerosene, Gasoline, etc.) may not be used: − Use high flashpoint SafetyKleen, etc.  All flammables must be kept in properly labeled closed containers  Paints and solvents must be locked up when not in use : − These substances are fire hazards, and also release explosive vapors.  Use only well ventilated areas.  No smoking signs clearly displayed.
  28. 28. SchlumbergerPrivate Compressed AirCompressed Air  Compressed air lines should be regulated to max 110 psi  compressors which start automatically must be labeled  Appropriate air nozzles with relief valves must be used − Improper nozzles can inject air into the skin − air can enter blood stream, reach heart and cause heart failure/death  Eye protection must be used when using compressed air
  29. 29. SchlumbergerPrivate Tools and MachineryTools and Machinery  Only use tools and machinery that you have been trained to use  Inspect all hand tools and machinery before using them  Use hand tools correctly − do not use screwdriver as pry-bar or chisel − do not use cheater bars on wrenches − do not use “stilson” or pipe wrenches to torque nuts and/or bolts  Chose the correct type of wrench for the job. In order of preference (from safety and efficiency) use: 1: Socket wrench 2: Ring wrench 3: Open-ended wrench
  30. 30. SchlumbergerPrivate Machine GuardingMachine Guarding  Guards are provided on machines to protect operators from injury  Guards must be in place on all belts, gears, blades, moving or reciprocating parts  Never remove or tamper with a guards while the machine is being operated  Prior to removing any guard, the machine must be powered down, the energy sources disengaged and locked/tagged out! Inspection Panel Wheel Guard Blade Guard Wheel Guard Belt Guard
  31. 31. SchlumbergerPrivate Lockout-TagoutLockout-Tagout DANGER LOCKED OUT DO NOT Operate This lock/tag may only be removed by: Name: Dept: Work Completion:  Lockout-Tagout is applied to sources of energy when machinery is being maintained  Never remove a lock or tag unless authorized  Never attempt to start a machine which is locked or tagged out  Never try to operate a switch or valve which has been locked or tagged out
  32. 32. SchlumbergerPrivate Welding and CuttingWelding and Cutting  Only trained and authorized personnel may use welding equipment. − All other people should stay away from welding activities  Welding shall normally be performed in a designated area − any welding in the general shop area shall be segregated by barriers  Arc welding presents hazards to the eyes − must be done behind a screen − never look at the arc without a welders mask Welding and Cutting are Hazardous Activities!
  33. 33. SchlumbergerPrivate Grinding EquipmentGrinding Equipment  Inspect Grinder before use: − Grinding stone and wire brushes in good condition − grinder is secured to base and the guards are fitted. − Workpiece support must be close to stone (max 1/8” - 3 mm)  Grinding wheels can be fitted only by trained personnel.  Eye protection must be used  Grinding must be done in front of the wheel and not on the side of the wheel.
  34. 34. SchlumbergerPrivate Drilling EquipmentDrilling Equipment  Inspect drill press prior to use: − Drilling equipment is in good shape. − The overhead drill is secured to its base. − Guards are fitted.  Secure the piece being drilled with clamps − Do not hold piece being drilled!  Use eye protection.  Drill bits mounted properly.  Correct bit for material to be drilled!
  35. 35. SchlumbergerPrivate Forklift OperationsForklift Operations  Only authorized personnel may operate forklift  Be aware of, and stay clear of, forklift operations − Listen for warning horn and backup beeper  If Assisting forklift operations: − Stay in sight of forklift operator − place load to back of forks and balanced (spread forks to accommodate load) − never ride on forks!  Forklifts may not be used to lift people unless fitted with special personnel basket
  36. 36. SchlumbergerPrivate Crane / Lifting OperationsCrane / Lifting Operations  All cranes may only be operated by trained and authorized operators  Improper crane and lifting operations cause many industrial accidents: − Stay clear of crane operations − If assisting, loads should be guided by lines, not by hand. − Never walk or place any part of your body under a suspended load. − Never ride the load!  Personnel may never be lifted by crane except in a personnel basket  All loads should be secured properly using the correct slings or chains
  37. 37. SchlumbergerPrivate Special HazardsSpecial Hazards  Radioactive materials, Explosives and highly hazardous Chemicals are present in certain Schlumberger locations  Only specially trained personnel are allowed to work with, or come close to stores of, these materials  Recognize the signs and obey them! − Do not approach or enter storage areas for these materials − Do not approach or enter work areas with these hazards present − Do not handle packages with warning labels for these substances
  38. 38. SchlumbergerPrivate EU Hazard PictogramsEU Hazard Pictograms CorrosiveEnvironmentally Harmful Oxidizer ExplosiveFlammableToxicIrritant
  39. 39. SchlumbergerPrivate UN Hazard Classes: LabelsUN Hazard Classes: Labels 9 FLAMMABLE LIQUID 3 DANGEROUS 4 WHEN WET NON-FLAMMABLE GAS 2 POISON 6 FLAMMABLE SOLID 4 RADIOACTIVE ll CONTENTS ............................ ACTIVITY...................... TRANSPORT INDEX 7 EXPLOSIVE 8
  40. 40. SchlumbergerPrivate NC AU T I O RADI O AC T I V E MAT E R RAD I AT I O IAL N A R E A Radioactive MaterialsRadioactive Materials  The radiation from radioactive sources, called Ionizing Radiation, cannot be sensed: − Seen, Felt, Touched, Heard, Tasted  We are constantly surrounded by this radiation from nature, without apparent harm.  Some sources of Ionizing Radiation, without suitable protective measures, can cause harm.  Always do everything to keep
  41. 41. SchlumbergerPrivate What to Do about Radiation?What to Do about Radiation? Radiation workers − Wear Dosimeter badge − Follow all radiation policies and procedures − Maintain your training certification current − Do not panic non-radiation workers with “Danger Stories”: only state the facts as you know them or refer questioner to supervisor Other employees − Do not approach areas where radioactive sources are stored − Do not approach areas where radioactive sources are in use − Do not speculate about dangers of radiation: Know your Facts!
  42. 42. SchlumbergerPrivate ExplosivesExplosives  Only properly trained and authorized employees may handle, transport or work with explosives − No unauthorized entry in explosives stores or loading shops  No smoking in explosive shop  No electrically operated equipment in the gun loading shop.  Explosives must be securely stored to avoid explosion or theft: if you find any explosives outside their correct stores, − secure the site − do not handle − advise your supervisor
  43. 43. SchlumbergerPrivate Hazardous ChemicalsHazardous Chemicals  Some segments (specifically Stimulation services) use highly hazardous chemicals, which require − special storage − special transport − special handling − special work clothes and PPE  Unless authorized, trained and equipped to do so, do not approach: − bulk chemical stores or tanks − worksites where these chemicals are being used − chemical transports  If you find any misplaced or spilled chemicals: − secure the area − advise your supervisor POISON 6
  44. 44. SchlumbergerPrivate ConclusionConclusion • Prevention is better than cure. • Efficiency, we want no choice! • Financially, is there a choice? • Commercially, clients have choices! • Legally, we are not given a choice! • Ethically, we have no choice! • Motivated and well educated people are essential