The idea is just the beginning. The idea can come from different resources
for example Stephenie Mayor had a dream that she then turned into a
sequence of famous books, the Twilight Saga which then turned into five
award winning movies.
However, in order to produce a film, you need a producer. Not only do they
fund the movie. They also make adaptations and make sure no one else can
steal the idea. They handle the commercials and make sure the movie gets
noticed. They estimate the air dates and organise actors, costumes and
Directors are also key in making a film. A director with a good reputation can
boost the movie and get the best reviews. They know how to make scripts
and turn the movie into a reality.
Produces need to find a good writer. A writer needs to create the
scripts, take charge on screen writing and other tasks that enquire
their skills. They also clarifies what changes that the
produces/directors may want.
The writer is then told to write a Treatment which explains the story,
the plot, the characters and anything else that needs to be included.
The final step of the idea is the pitch. It tells the producer everything they will
need to produce the film. Including..
• The description of the play. The story, the plot, the characters and
their personalities and appearances, the relationships that might build
• The genre. For example if it’s a horror, comedy or an action movie or
even a mix of all of them.
• Market. The audience, the age and what commercial products could
they sell that the audience would buy. The rating of the movie and
• The people involved. List everyone involved in the film and making
sure they get the credit they deserve at the end of the movie.
• Budget. Roughly how much it will all cost. People’s salary, the
costumes, the props, the setting, equpiment.
• A brief synopsis. A little bit of history and science. Explaining the cause
and the detail of the pretential movie.
The Development finance.
Pitching the project is tough and is hard for the Producer. But with skills, the
producer will have to go out and find founders who believe in the idea and want
to fund it. In some cases, the producer may buy it themselves. This benefits them
and the team a lot.
If the idea is good enough and the production companies think it will make
profits. They will also fund in enough money to develop a script. However, they
may want to be more involved and in return get some percentages of the profits
the movie makes later on.
In order to make the movie it’s full potential. The producer will approach three
companies, the sales, broadcast and the distribution. The sales company will give
money to help the development of the film, in return able to sell the movie in
shops. The more important company is the distribution company, this company
will also give money but in return have the right to show it on their channel, eg
Bbc or Skymovies. The most important company is the broadcast as they are the
ones who will show your movie in a cinema, making the movie more known.
Almost like a loan, the producer may approach the uk film council and they may
invest into the movie.
A privative investor is an individual that may be approached by the producer to
fund the money. However convincing and persuading some to do this is difficult.
Which is why having an good idea is vital.
The last thing of the development finance is tying down the writer. The writer
will have an agent with them when discussing how to get the best deal for them
and the their percentage of the cut. Agents are very important as they are
qualified and skilled at getting the best deals.
The first step of developing a script is called a synopsis. It is important when making
this that both producer and the writer are working together. To make sure they are
making the same film. They need to keep in mind the audience’s age, the genre and
The next step is the called the step outline. Which is a bits of chunks of writing,
detailing each scene that will make the film as detailed as possible. This is curial to
the film as each scene will be important if it s builds the plot or introducing the
The drafts and revisions are basically the script. But it is more than just what people
say, the script has to tell the characters what actions to do, which expression to
make, what they do whilst saying this and who they are talking too. This will be what
people will see on the screen.
The finale Draft is produced when both the director and the producer approve the
script. Once they have done this, the script is taken forward and for the writer, it is a
The sales treatment is where the producer will write a sales treatment on the final
script. The sales treatment is like a advert for the movie. It will have emotive
language to bring in potential financiers.
Taking the script and the sales treatment, the producer will make up a rough
budget of how much everything will cost them.
The cast! Hiring the bigger ranked stars is costly but could benefit the film and
effect whether it is made or not. Producers usually contact actor’s by their agents,
this way the producer can know how much the actor will cost. Some stars are
called green light names people with not much clout in the film industry.
The hods short for the heads of the department is a group of managers, from the
head of photography, head of the production design, the editor and other
important people. They are all very important. With the photographer, they are
the creative figure of the film, they give it the distinctive that will make it a
success. The production designer is in charge of creating the props, the senses
and making sure the film will look good. The editor is very important, he improves
anything he feels needs it, getting a well known editor can help boast the film and
even interest finances to invest. The producers assistant is in charge of taking all
Detailed budget and production schedule
In order to produce the film, the producer must have a accurate budget of how much it will
cost. At this stage there is no limit to the detail, an important part is the issuance money
which covers the loss of shooting days, public liability, ect. The production schedule is a chart
of what will happen when, where people have to be and for how long. It is everything that
can create a budget.
The finance plan and recoupment schedule.
The finance plan is a list of how and who will fund the movie. It is a sensitive plan as
the producer doesn’t want people to feel they have only be chosen because others
The recoupment schedule is a sheet all of the
income the production is expecting to receive. If
its from sources like cinema, broadcast, DVD
Like a producer war, the producer will now have to fight for her position and the
movie. Other producers will have similar packages that they will present to
variety of tax-breaks. Her powers of persuasion have to be at top mark. Also the
director may come in handy if he well known and could help the producer.
Together they will travel the world to gather the amount of money they need, the
finance marketplace is international.
Private individuals, production companies, and public bodies will be approached
by the producer to be asked to invest in the movie. Once agreed to the terms and
conditions, they must sign a legal contract to seal the deal.
Selling the rights of the film before it is even made to the
pre-sales is a big profit. Contracts are made again to
insure what and how much people get. A producer will
need a lot of legal advise to do this as precise as she can.
However, in return for this, the distributor will ask for
first refusal on the right to sell the movie to cinema’s,
retailers, rental companies and broadcasters.
Bank and cap funding.
The producer will organise a meeting with a banker. A special banker that specialise
in film financing. If the banker is willing to invest in the film, he will ask for a
percentage of the money that will be made. Once again a contract will be signed.
How will also offer loans and commercial projects.
Bonds are made to insurance that if anything
goes wrong, the bond issuer (usually an
insurance company) will cover the bill. For
example if the movie runs out of money. This
gives the movie a backup plan if something goes
The Green Light.
After lots of hard work, the movie finally gets the green light. The finance, package,
insurance and funding is secure, the film is then given the green light, meaning they can
make the film. However there is no set template for a film, some funders might want to
make massive changes but the head of departments can reject the idea.
The kick-off meeting.
The casting Director. Is in charge of creating a shortlist of all the actors for all
the roles that need to be played.
The editor. Needs to choose the people that the movie will need in the future.
Head of sound. He will also need to be hired because of the problems that
might accrue that other people might not have the skills to sort out.
Director of photography. This person will need to work along side with the
director and the production designer to make sure everyone understands the
design of the film and what it should look like. He and the director will also
decide which equipment they want to use, eg camera’s.
The production desinger. Needs to hire a team to makesure everything is
created, eg. Props, sets. They also work with the location department to make
sure everything fits.
The first ad. This person make sure the film runs on time and works with the
line and production manager to organise the shoot.
The line producer. Is there to make sure everyone is happy and has no issues
with the movie and the role they play. This person also works very closely with
the production manager.
The casting director, gathers a list of possible profiles of actors that
could play the role of the characters. They can do this in many ways,
some may gathered actors through past experiences or put out
adverts in acting publications and viewing show-reels. They will
audition for the part in front of, the casting director, the production
manager and the director.