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12 Stages


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12 Stages

  1. 1. Original Ideas By Brooke Original ideas are the most valuable commodity in the film business. A moment to be inspired. A chance to have a conversation with a friend. A dream wherever the ideas come from. The best ideas can be worth thousands. Protecting your idea can be very crucial and film producers often take out errors and omissions insurance which covers them if they where sued for libel slander breach of copy right and the like.
  2. 2. The Idea/Writer Most number of film events are based on life events So it can capture peoples attention. most of them are based on true stories. And producers are always on the look for filmable live events! Interesting new story’s can also be found in magazines and newspapers Biography's. Having an eye on a true story is a vital skill for a filmmaker.
  3. 3. Books often inspire successful films and a successful book can generate publicity and deliver an audience for a film that will guarantee a return on the investment. This approach now so established that the rights to best sellers are often bought up Optioned before the book ever goes up on sale, and the right owners of international literacy successes are the most popular people at any industry party. Adaptions
  4. 4. The Producers Producers are always looking for a good idea for a film, something that they believe will attract the audience. Producers see lots of films, so they are usually in a good position to know which ideas to sell. This is not exact science as audience tastes can change dramatically in the years it takes to make films gut feel is usually all they have to go on. The Producer will acquire the right to a story an adaptation or in some cases the original script or might just have a good idea that they believe will attract the audience.
  5. 5. The Director The creative development of a film always involves a director sooner or later often there involvement begins very early in the development process. Sometimes a director may have an idea for a film and will approach a producer too take a product forward. However it is more common for a Producer to approach a director and bring them on board. The Director will work with the producer to develop the idea into something that can be filmed. If the director is well known this can also helped to a good writer and can even help the Producer find money to develop the Script.
  6. 6. The writer he write defines and figure out the idea the plot and the Main characters and turns it into something tangible. Treatment The writer will than write a treatment a one page description on the main story and characters of the film. Pitch A pitch contains all the information the producers needs in order to sell the idea to fanciers to commission a script Developer The Producer uses the treatment and pitch plus the use of persuasion to get money to develop the script
  7. 7. Producer Companies The Producer approaches film production companies for development but they already have products of there own Sales distribution broadcast The producer can offer the future sales and broadcast Rights to a film in return for the money to develop the script Public Investment The producer can also apply to a public funding body such as the uk film council for a development grant Private Finance The Producers can even pitch the film to private investors in the hope That they will support the project Tying down the writer The Producer can even pitch the film to private investors in the hope that they will support the project
  8. 8. Synopsis First the writer produces a synopsis and he and the Producer agree or not on the key scenes and events in the film Step Outline There are as many ways of writing as there are writers but Most writes create a step outline to plan there script Drafts Part of the writers fee is conditional on delivery of the first Draft this can be the hardest part of screenwriting Revisions Once the writer and Producer are okay with it The draft is sent to the financiers all of whom will have there own ideasFinal Draft When everyone is okay with the script its locked of and becomes a final draft then the writes can get paid Sales Treatment The final stage of the script development progress is the creation of a sales treatment
  9. 9. What is packaging The Producer and director must now package the Script into a full commercial proposition ready for financing The Cast One common way to try with the project more commercial is to attach well known stars to the script The Heads of department (hods) Respected commercially successful people of department carry considerable clout with knowledgeable financiers Detailed budget and production schedule To turn the film into a good and well known one they have to Proper business proposition the producer must know how much it will actually cost to make Finance plan and recoupment schedule Potential investors will want to know how the producer plans to raise the money and how she plans to give it back The complete package The producer has packed the film into a viable commercial proposition now it’s time to see what people think of the film
  10. 10. The Market Financiers can be everywhere in the world to watch the investment she needs to make the film the producer there for must travel Investment Private individuals production companies and public bodies all invest in films the producers lawyer draws up contracts to seal the deals Pre Sales The Producer can raise money from pre sales selling the rights to the film before its even realized Banks and cap funding There are departments of the banks that specialist in film finance they invest in commercial projects and also offers loans Completion bonds Most financiers insist that a completion bond is in place before they agree to invest this is insurance for the production Green light Once all the essential funding and insurance is secured the films Gets the green light and the producer gets drunk
  11. 11. The kick off meeting Once all the people of the department are hired the shooting script is circulated and preproduction begins in earnestCasting The Casting director with the direct and producer begins the long process of identifying and casting the actors Story Boarding Story boarding are the blueprints for the film where every shot is planned in advance by the director and dop Production design The production designer plans literally everything all aspects of how the film will be like and hires people to of course build each part of it Special effects planning Effects shots are planned in much more detail than normal shots and can take months to design and build The Producing unit The 1st ad the line producer and the production manager make up the key logistic triangle Of the production
  12. 12. 1st day of principal photography This is the key at the moment in the film production shooting begins funding is released and the producer breathes a huge sign of relief Camera The camera department is responsible for getting all the footage that the director and editor need to tell story Lighting and sounding Once the lighting and sound set up and hair and make up Have been checked the shot can begin Acting In the midst of all this commotion the actors must create something emotional to get the audiences eye Special Physical effects Every special effect is carefully constructed and must be filmed with minimum risk of injury to cast and crew Chain of Command Film productions are run with military precisions if They fall behind schedule the financiers and insurers may step in
  13. 13. Rough Out As the processed footage comes threw the editor assembles it into scenes and creates a narrative sequence for the film Post production and sound Once the photo is locked the sound department works on the audio track laying creating and editing every sound Digital effects and titles Digital effects are used by specialist effects compositors and titles and credits are used in a composting suite Grade and color The final part of the photo edit is to adjust the color and establish the fine aesthetic of the film Final Mix After the photo is locked the rough sound mix goes to a dubbing theatre where the sound mixed sets for the final level Final Cut After the final cut the film reaches full lock it is now finished and ready for duplication but who gets the final cut
  14. 14. Selling the product To help her sell the film to distributors the producer secures the services of a sales agent a specialist in the film making The trailer To help sell the film a trailer is made to show people how good it is so they can go see it Sales toolkit The producer and the sales agent collect everything they will need to sell the film to disturbers Taking the film to the market The market is saturated with films so the producer must go to great lengths to attract Screening A high profile screening at one of the to film festivals can be great for generating heat around a film Shot deals The Producer now has a hot product and can negotiate good deals with distributors around the world
  15. 15. 15 The Marketing team To help her sell the film to distributors the producer secures the services of a sale agent a specialist in film sales The Audience Knowing the audience is essential and the marketing team runs test screenings to see how the film is received Advertising The potential audience for the film is targeted with posters cinema trailers and other marketing materials Shot press and media coverage Television radio newspapers and magazines can help you create positive word of mouth about a film The internet and new marketing models The birth of digital media and the internet has flooded the world with information but also made marketing possible Selling the film to exhibitors In order to get the film to audiences the distributors must negotiate a deal with the cinemas to screen it
  16. 16. 16 The Premiere A high profile star studded premiere is used to launch the film to the public with an explosion of media coverage Uk Cinemas The uk has more than 3,500 cinema screens although not all are british owned or show british films Prints and logistics Distributors supply the exhibitors with prints of the film the more screens the film is on the more prints are needed Revenues The exhibitors take their share of the box office receipts after which the distributors recoup their marketing costs Recoupment Once the distributors have been paid the financiers can recover their investments as laid out in the recoupment schedule
  17. 17. 17 Hospitality Hospitality sales for hotel channels sand inflight entertainment can bring millions in additional revenue Dvd and video Uk Audiences spend more on dvd’s than on cinema tickets so success on dvd can compensate for box office failure Broadcast Television is the final source of revenue rights are sold separately for pay tv showings and terrestrial broadcast The game of the film rights for computer games and other product licenses can be extremely lucrative sources of additional revenue Profit Once the film had made a profit the producer and key creative profile can reap their rewards or so the theory goes The End The final income from a film is never known distribution continues in perpetuity and it may even be released in the future