To study about biodiversity and conservation of
To know about the meaning of flora and
To know the causes of extinction of wildlife
To study endangered , vulnerable , rare and
threatened species of plants and animals.
To know the importance of national parks,
sanctuaries and biosphere reserves in wildlife
To study migration of animals.
To study about Red Data Book and its
To study about endemic species of India.
The maintenance and upkeep
of forest is called Forest
Flora is the plant life occurring in a
particular region or time , generally the
naturally occurring or indigenous – native
plant life .
Fauna is all of the animals life of
any particular region or time .
Flora , fauna and other forms of
life such as fungi are collectively
referred to as biota .
Several species have become extinct due
to their hunting by man for food , pleasure
and animal products . The examples are
disappearance of the bird dodo in Mauritius
and the cheetah in India .
Man has destroyed the natural habitats of
wildlife for his settlements , cropping ,
plantation , mining and raising of dams ,
overgrazing by domestic animals , etc .
Deforestation and environmental pollution
has disturbed the migratory routes of many
Several animals and plants are valuable
sources of food and other materials . Fish ,
prawns and crabs constitute an important
part of human food . Man has , however ,
over – exploited these resources . Overfishing
in sea is causing a grave situation and the
picture is not encouraging with respect to
fresh water fishing . The rate of consump –
tion of fish is greater than its repleni –
The failure of enforcement of the
existing laws of wildlife manage –
ment is yet another reason for the
rapid depletion of wildlife .
Man is mainly responsible for
depletion and extinction of wildlife
on the earth . This is largely due
to ignorance of the common man
regarding the value of wildlife and
the probable consequences of the
disappearance of wildlife to man