HAPPINESS AND HEALTH AND THE
The word archetype means “original model” from the Greek
arche, (beginning) and typos, (model).
The word archetype has been used in modern psychology by
Carl Jung because he was describing a grouping of character
traits common to human experience that he believed resided
in the collective unconscious of humanity.
IN OUR SELVES
We can see the archetypal behaviours
in our happiness goals, often connected to specific
activities, desires and concepts -
and also connected to problems.
Copyright LiFE Academy 2010-2011
We can observe archetypal behaviour in other people by the choice of
their priorities, by the happiness goals they select, the type of people
they admire as well as the people they find hard to understand.
Archetypal Diagnosis is like learning a language which enables the
therapist to understand the client’s internal archetypal
motivations. It also enables us to understand the self image,
dialogues, conflicts and empty spaces between people in that
most essential aspect of human life - relationships.
LET US REFLECT
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
Do you notice that your likes and dislikes change depending upon
what mood you are in? When you are feeling like some excitement
and adventure is it easy to be satisfied sitting and reading a book, or
having a long philosophical conversation?
Make a list of the moods you engage in that are the
most antagonistic to each other or the moods in which
goals are strikingly different.
An example is deep introspection and spontaneous risk
taking. You may have to think of all your happiness
pursuits over the years to find them!
Each endeavour is an individual or grouping of
The 8 base archetypes we will be studying in this module are the
Mother and Father of the Parent Within
Feminine and Masculine of the Lover Within
Adaptive and Abstract Thinker of the Intellectual Within
External Manager and Internal Manager or (Personal “I”) of the
ARCHETYPES STUDIED IN THIS MODULE
In early human society an
individual’s very existence was
reliant on the shelter that
could be extended to a child
through mothering and
matriarchal ties. In some
places of the world matrilineal
succession and inheritance are
still the law, a relic of the
distant matriarchal times.
THE NURTURING OF THE MOTHER ARCHETYPE
The one-on-one relationship
development associated with this
archetype enabled more complex life
to evolve on the planet as one
individual’s nurturing behaviour would
be essential to the survival of another.
THE LEADERSHIP OF THE FATHER ARCHETYPE
This archetype is an extension of the birth ties
of the mother to a family group or tribe.
It is hard to know,
in the many ancient
societies spread over
the planet, just when
the fathers knew of
their equally essential role in the fertility process.
It was a time however where the importance of leadership and loyalty
to leadership, rather than kinship alone, was more in focus.
The next archetypal expression was based on the father,
also seen in the animal kingdom.
THE DARING OF THE MASCULINE ARCHETYPE
In the animal kingdom the strongest is often the
only one allowed to be the lover. The others are
the bachelors on the fringe of the group.
In human societies after the time of the family
we see the rise of the nomadic societies and well
established agrarian societies going far afield to
discover new worlds, conquer others and
plunder their resources.
Individuals and groups would go out
to meet or make a challenge. Of
course winning wars and therefore
having domination became the
currency of status.
THE ATTRACTIVENESS OF THE FEMININE
This archetype appreciates and
recognises beauty and its
ability to attract attention and
investments of energy for its
The ability to attract is a very
important part of animal behaviour
and is used almost exclusively for
The Feminine Lover archetype
created the fabric for society to work
within, so that instead of resorting to
open conflict, people used diplomacy
and built comfortable spaces in which
there would be a greater tendency to
connect to others and form social
THE INGENUITY OF THE
ADAPTIVE THINKER ARCHETYPE
As with all archetypes, this archetype was of course
always present in some form. It is the intelligence that
pulls things apart and puts them back together or
changes an object to make something new and useful.
It is an intelligence that is very helpful to the pursuits of
the other archetypes; i.e. extend the Feminine Lover
archetype’s love of beauty and the arts...
...the Masculine hunter’s weapons
Historically this archetype came to ascendency
with such things as making medicines, the smelting
of metals and other inventions that enhanced
individual and collective life.
THE PROCESSING OF THE
ABSTRACT THINKER ARCHETYPE
The next archetype to rise was the Abstract Thinker with the more
philosophical pursuit of enjoying envisioning the future and pondering
the meaning of life. This archetype is the home of conceptualisation
and deep thinking, playing with ideas and internally visualising
outcomes and possibilities which had value for both
practical and ideological aspects of society.
Diotima of the
This enriched the pursuits of the other archetypes by enhancing fervour
through ideologies and also through mental reasoning which developed
sciences and theoretical calculations of cause and effect.
Respected Aboriginal Elders and Law Keepers
THE PROBLEM SOLVING OF THE
EXTERNAL MANAGER ARCHETYPE
They seek perfection through identifying
problems. They take on ideas that have
value and relevance to the society of the
day (courtesy of the Abstract Thinker
archetype) and try to manifest them
efficiently, using the minimum amount of
energy for the maximum amount of
The External Manager takes on
concepts and materialise them in
external structures, like these
Aboriginal industrial sized fish traps
over 40,000 years old at
This is the pragmatic organiser, who looks for the problems and then fixes
them now, not in the uncertain future.
THE SELF DEVELOPMENT OF THE
INTERNAL MANAGER ARCHETYPE
When a person is past having to fight for
their very survival, and after experiencing
the many passing distractions of external
gains and possessions, they look to their
The big questions then
become “who am I?” and
“what will really make me deeply fulfilled?”
The Internal Manager or Personal “I” archetype is primarily interested in his or
her own internal reflections and a need for overall personal satisfaction.
In the 1950’s and 60’s there was rebellion against the regulated conformity
that the External Manager had created. Questioning of dogmatic institutions
and ideologies led to new life style choices. All the archetypal pursuits were
enhanced and had something to gain from the wide ranging self development
and encouragement of individual creativity.
WHAT DO YOU THINK?
Is there an era of history from your culture or another that
fascinates you, or that you used to be drawn to?
Are you drawn to specific eras of artwork, movies or books?
What are the happiness goals that you associate with that era,
and which archetypes do you think are involved?
IDEAL ARCHETYPAL EXPRESSION
In the case of the Ideal archetype,
happiness is generated from within their
own consciousness and is not conditioned
by the state of the external world. The
Ideal level of development seeks fulfilment
from being a certain way internally and
being able to express that in life. It is not
reliant on the external world conforming
to its ideas and desires for happiness to be
achieved. The Ideal does not try to bind
people or control them for the fulfillment
of their own desires, as the Mundane
It is the purity of intent that identifies an
Ideally developed archetype.
MUNDANE ARCHETYPAL EXPRESSION
The Mundane level of development seeks fulfilment by getting something
from the external world. The environment must conform to their desires
(law of expectation, designer desires) and their own perceived welfare.
External goals and desires are of primary importance to them. A person
utilises a mundanely developed archetype as the vehicle to deliver to them
fulfilment from the external world.
Because of their perceived need, the Mundane
developed archetype will bind people to them,
by coercion if necessary.
They unconsciously or consciously use
the archetype as a mechanism to have
control over others, thus ensuring
the fulfillment of their desires and
a supply of happiness.
An archetype can be
Developed and IDEAL
Developed and MUNDANE
There are many reasons why a person may not have developed an archetype,
1.There has been no pattern of that archetype’s development in the people
who have been influential in the person’s childhood or adolescence
2. The archetype is shunned by the culture the individual is part of
3. The person has, at impressionable stages of their life, witnessed or
experienced, the archetype being an avenue for painful experiences, being
useless in the pursuit of happiness or a threat to the experience of happiness
4.The archetypal development has atrophied or completely shut-down due to
the person being subject to trauma or disillusionment and lack of success
when pursuing happiness goals through the concepts and feelings of that
Inappropriate use of an archetype is usually due to the over-reliance
on one or a group of archetypes with which a person has
experienced some degree of success in the happiness stakes. Having
a past successful experience leads the person to keep trying that
same archetype in many or all situations in the hope of similar