Direct instruction

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A PowerPoint Describing the Direct Instruction Teaching Strategy

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  • *These students need direct instruction because many lack basic foundational skills and the ability to infer.
  • Direct instruction

    1. 1. What is
    2. 2. What is DIRECT INSTRUCTION? <ul><li>Explicit teaching of a skill-set using lectures of demonstrations of the material, rather than exploratory models such as inquiry-based learning. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic </li></ul><ul><li>Scaffolded/ No place for guess work or errors </li></ul>
    3. 3. Philosophy of Direct Instruction <ul><li>Instructional Principle: When teachers explain exactly what students are expected to learn, and demonstrate the steps needed to accomplish a particular academic task, students learn more. </li></ul><ul><li>“ If the child hasn’t learned, the teacher hasn’t taught.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thus the responsibility of student learning rests squarely with teacher design and delivery of instruction. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Philosophy of Direct Instruction <ul><li>Direct instruction rejects the assumption that students will spontaneously develop insights on their own. </li></ul><ul><li>Rather, direct instruction takes learners through the steps of learning systematically, helping them see both the purpose and the result of each step. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Direct Instruction Learning Visual Concept Diagram http://www.worksheetlibrary.com/teachingtips/directinstruction.html
    6. 6. Model of Direct Instruction <ul><li>INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>DEVELOPMENT/MODEL/ TEACHER DOES </li></ul><ul><li>GUIDED PRACTICE/ WE DO </li></ul><ul><li>INDEPENDENT PRACTICE/ YOU DO </li></ul><ul><li>CLOSURE </li></ul><ul><li>EVALUATION/ APPLICATION </li></ul><ul><li>“ Tell them what you’re going to tell them; tell them; tell them what you told them.” </li></ul>
    7. 7. Model of Direct Instruction <ul><li>Setting clear goals for students and making sure they understand these goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Presenting a sequence of well-organized assignments. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving students clear, concise explanations and illustrations of the subject matter. </li></ul><ul><li>Asking frequent questions to see if the students understand the work. </li></ul><ul><li>Giving students frequent opportunities to practice what they have learned. </li></ul>
    8. 8. DI Advantages <ul><li>Delivering large amounts of information in a timely manner </li></ul><ul><li>Correlated with improved learning among primary children from working and middle class backgrounds </li></ul><ul><li>Positive effects with at-risk students, and with students with learning disabilities </li></ul>
    9. 9. WHAT ARE THE THREE MAIN ADVANTAGES OF DIRECT INSTRUCTION?
    10. 10. Other Advantages <ul><li>Proven effective in teaching basic skills (such as how to use a microscope ). </li></ul><ul><li>Proven effective in teaching skills that are fundamental to more complex activities (such as prerequisite skills for long division). </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a good foundation for new teachers learning the language of instruction. </li></ul>
    11. 11. DI Disadvantages <ul><li>Since DI is very structured, it could inhibit student and teacher creativity </li></ul><ul><li>Could present a philosophical challenge to teachers who see their role as facilitators of learning * </li></ul><ul><li>Not useful for teaching less-structured topics (such as English composition or the analyses of social issues). </li></ul>
    12. 12. What are the disadvantages of Direct Instruction?
    13. 13. DI WORKS BEST WHEN: <ul><li>It is used with K-6 students </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used with socially and economically impoverished students* </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used with students with learning disabilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>As long as teachers employ other effective teaching strategies , DI is shown to work in a wide range of situations. </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>DIRECT INSTRUCTION MUST: </li></ul><ul><li>Present intense and rapid-paced interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Correct mistakes immediately </li></ul><ul><li>Frequently assess understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Teach to mastery </li></ul>TO BE EFFECTIVE
    15. 15. Reading Multisyllabic Words
    16. 16. TRICK TO READING MULTISYLLABIC WORDS <ul><li>SPOT IT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spot the vowels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DOT IT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dot the vowels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>draw a line </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CHUNCK IT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Spilt between consonants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If two consonants, split between them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If one consonant, split in front </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LE RULE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SLIDE and READ </li></ul>

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