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Good Citizen 6-9


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Good Citizen 6-9

  1. 1. The Good Citizen Chapters 6, 7, 8, 9 Russell J. Dalton Monday, January 26, 2009
  2. 2. Government: Problem or Solution? “We must not look to government to solve our problems. Government is the problem.” —Ronald Reagan Monday, January 26, 2009
  3. 3. Government: Problem or Solution? “The question we ask today is not whether our government is too big or too small, but whether it works — whether it helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move forward. Where the answer is no, programs will end.” —Barack Obama Monday, January 26, 2009
  4. 4. Government: Problem or Solution? Citizenship types affect policy preferences Duty-based: emphasis on individual responsibility, restrict social programs and redistributive policies Engaged: support for activist government, provide for needy, social service programs, guarantee civil rights Monday, January 26, 2009
  5. 5. Spending Priorities Duty citizens want to spend on: Transportation, scientific research, space exploration, military Engaged citizens want to spend on: Foreign aid, welfare, minority assistance, environment, education, childcare, urban areas Monday, January 26, 2009
  6. 6. Citizenship and Scope of Government Citizenship norms shape how Americans think about the scope of government and how they define policy priorities Citizen duty leads to a more restrictive view of government with limited policy mandate Engaged citizenship encourages activist image of government, especially on social programs Monday, January 26, 2009
  7. 7. Support for the System Political scientists described supportive and allegiant attitudes as fundamental elements of a democratic civic culture Diminished support for government and political institutions Widespread dissatisfaction with government Is the vitality of democracy at risk? Monday, January 26, 2009
  8. 8. Evaluations of Government High duty citizenship: More positive about government performance, administrators, think elections are fair and honest High engaged citizenship: Not nostalgic about government working, believe corruption more widespread, elections not fair Monday, January 26, 2009
  9. 9. Democratic Values Inclusion & Equality Citizen participation Effective participation Social democracy Monday, January 26, 2009
  10. 10. Democratic Values Tradeoffs Will of majority vs. Give up liberties to rights of minority curb terrorism vs. preserve freedoms Times of war call or they win for strong leader vs. times of war Respect policies call for political even if disagree vs. skepticism act according to conscience Monday, January 26, 2009
  11. 11. National Pride Overt expressions of patriotism seem less common Multiculturalism/diversity changes national identity Duty: allegiance, loyalty, political order Engaged: questioning view of government, solidarity aspects Monday, January 26, 2009
  12. 12. Images of Government My country right or wrong; If right to defend it, if wrong to correct it Duty citizens: more trustful, more deferential to elites, enthusiastic in national pride Engaged citizens: less trust and loyalty presents a challenge while support for equality, minority rights, expression support democracy Monday, January 26, 2009
  13. 13. Comparing US Cross national comparisons identify common processes of social and political change that transcend any nation’s unique historical experiences Looking for similarities and differences in citizenship between US and other democracies What does Dalton find? Monday, January 26, 2009
  14. 14. American Citizenship Americans tend to attach more importance to citizenship than do people in other industrial democracies Includes serve in military, pay taxes, obey laws, watchdog, be socially active etc. Monday, January 26, 2009
  15. 15. Citizenship Comparison Previous generations of Americans scored far higher than other democracies in citizen duty Today’s young Americans score higher than other democracies in both citizen duty and engaged citizenship Monday, January 26, 2009
  16. 16. Participation Comparison Americans are less likely to vote or attend a demonstration, but are more likely to petition, donate money, contact politicians, attend a meeting, and participate in an online forum Monday, January 26, 2009
  17. 17. Tolerance Comparison Americans by far most tolerant of citizens of developed democracies 73% allow public meeting of religious extremist vs. 29% elsewhere 30% allow meeting of those trying to overthrow government vs. 14% elsewhere Monday, January 26, 2009
  18. 18. Democracy in America “In comparison to other democracies, the American political culture still contains many of the values that make for vibrant democracy, and these may have even increased over the past several decades” Monday, January 26, 2009
  19. 19. Goldilocks Democracy “Democracy benefits from a Goldilocks political culture, which is neither too hot nor too cold, neither too hard nor too soft, neither too allegiant nor too challenging” “To love democracy, it is necessary to love it moderately” What does this mean in terms of citizenship? Monday, January 26, 2009
  20. 20. Changing Balance of Citizenship Reflects broad restructuring of American society and social relations Trying to renew traditional norms of citizen duty won’t work Have to understand how the democratic process adjusts to these changing norms to maintain balance Monday, January 26, 2009
  21. 21. The Younger Generation Old people complain that young people are not like them; thus democracy suffers Younger generation: most educated, highest standard of living, most tolerant, diverse Range of values and behaviors that will benefit democracy Monday, January 26, 2009
  22. 22. Political Process Adaptations 1. Political Parties & Elections Turnout strategy aimed at engaged not just duty Make political parties more relevant 2. Politics more contentious Engaged more challenging of government Monday, January 26, 2009
  23. 23. Political Process Adaptations 3. People connect to government in new ways Institutional reforms make process more populist 4. Equality of citizen influence Greater demand on skills and resources of those involved Beyond one person-one vote Monday, January 26, 2009
  24. 24. Wisdom of Bono “America is an idea, but it’s an idea that brings with it some baggage, like power brings responsibility. It’s an idea that brings with it equality, but equality even though it’s the highest calling, is the hardest to reach. The idea that anything is possible...This is the time for bold measures. This is the country and you are the generation” Monday, January 26, 2009