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GENDER, POWER & OTHER
IDEAS
IN THE HANDMAID’S TALE AND ELSEWHERE
MICHEL FOUCAULT
• FRENCH PHILOSOPHER/HISTORIAN. DIED IN 1984 OF AIDS. ALTHOUGH NOT
TECHNICALLY A GENDER/QUEER THEORIST, HE...
THOUGHT VERSUS REALITY
• FROM THERE, FOUCAULT EXAMINED A VARIETY OF PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT,
MAKING DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN THO...
CONTROL
• IN THE MID 70S, FOUCAULT MOVED ON TO EXAMINE FORMS OF CONTROL AND
CRIMINALIZATION (DISCIPLINE AND PUNISH)
• LOOK...
GENEOLOGY
• FOUCAULT THEN WROTE HISTORY OF SEXUALITY, USING THE SAME APPROACH HE’D
TAKEN TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF PUNISHMEN...
SO WHAT DOES THIS HAVE TO DO WITH
GENDER THEORY?
• FOUCAULT’S WORK SET ABOUT SHOWING THAT THE WAY WE THINK ABOUT
SEXUALITY...
CATEGORIES
• FOUCAULT ARGUES THAT MANY OF THE “CATEGORIES” USED FOR SEXUAL
IDENTITY ARE JUST INVENTED, NOT INHERENT, BUT T...
JUDITH BUTLER
• BUTLER SEIZED ON THIS IDEA AND IT’S AT THE ROOT OF THIS IDEA OF
DISCURSIVE FORMATIONS—THAT CERTAIN CATEGOR...
FROM THERE, THE NOTION OF
PERFORMATIVE GENDER
• JUDITH BUTLER, WHO WE HAVE READ, IS KNOWN FOR MANY
LEADING THEORIES REGARD...
LET’S PLAY THE FOUCAULT GAME
• TAKE OUT A PIECE OF PAPER AND A PEN
• WRITE DOWN A CATEGORY YOU THINK OTHERS MIGHT PUT YOU ...
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Foucault & Butler

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notes from Dystopia and Gender class

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  • DOWNLOAD THAT BOOKS INTO AVAILABLE FORMAT (2019 Update) ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... Download Full PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... Download doc Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m77EgH } ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... ................................................................................................................................... eBook is an electronic version of a traditional print book that can be read by using a personal computer or by using an eBook reader. (An eBook reader can be a software application for use on a computer such as Microsoft's free Reader application, or a book-sized computer that is used solely as a reading device such as Nuvomedia's Rocket eBook.) Users can purchase an eBook on diskette or CD, but the most popular method of getting an eBook is to purchase a downloadable file of the eBook (or other reading material) from a Web site (such as Barnes and Noble) to be read from the user's computer or reading device. Generally, an eBook can be downloaded in five minutes or less ......................................................................................................................... .............. Browse by Genre Available eBooks .............................................................................................................................. Art, Biography, Business, Chick Lit, Children's, Christian, Classics, Comics, Contemporary, Cookbooks, Manga, Memoir, Music, Mystery, Non Fiction, Paranormal, Philosophy, Poetry, Psychology, Religion, Romance, Science, Science Fiction, Self Help, Suspense, Spirituality, Sports, Thriller, Travel, Young Adult, Crime, Ebooks, Fantasy, Fiction, Graphic Novels, Historical Fiction, History, Horror, Humor And Comedy, ......................................................................................................................... ......................................................................................................................... .....BEST SELLER FOR EBOOK RECOMMEND............................................................. ......................................................................................................................... Blowout: Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth,-- The Ride of a Lifetime: Lessons Learned from 15 Years as CEO of the Walt Disney Company,-- Call Sign Chaos: Learning to Lead,-- StrengthsFinder 2.0,-- Stillness Is the Key,-- She Said: Breaking the Sexual Harassment Story That Helped Ignite a Movement,-- Atomic Habits: An Easy & Proven Way to Build Good Habits & Break Bad Ones,-- Everything Is Figureoutable,-- What It Takes: Lessons in the Pursuit of Excellence,-- Rich Dad Poor Dad: What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not!,-- The Total Money Makeover: Classic Edition: A Proven Plan for Financial Fitness,-- Shut Up and Listen!: Hard Business Truths that Will Help You Succeed, ......................................................................................................................... .........................................................................................................................
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Foucault & Butler

  1. 1. GENDER, POWER & OTHER IDEAS IN THE HANDMAID’S TALE AND ELSEWHERE
  2. 2. MICHEL FOUCAULT • FRENCH PHILOSOPHER/HISTORIAN. DIED IN 1984 OF AIDS. ALTHOUGH NOT TECHNICALLY A GENDER/QUEER THEORIST, HE IS CONSIDERED A GRANDFATHER OF QUEER THEORY BECAUSE MANY OF HIS IDEAS FORM A BASIS FOR CONTEMPORARY GENDER AND QUEER THEORY. • MUCH OF HIS WORK IS CONSIDERED PHILOSOPHICAL BECAUSE IT CRITIQUES THE USUAL UNDERSTANDING OF CERTAIN TOPICS. • FOR EXAMPLE, HISTORY OF MADNESS IN THE CLASSICAL AGE, WHICH HE PUBLISHED IN 1961, DEVELOPED FROM FOUCAULT’S STUDY OF PSYCHOLOGY. IT EXAMINES THE MODERN CONCEPT OF MENTAL ILLNESS
  3. 3. THOUGHT VERSUS REALITY • FROM THERE, FOUCAULT EXAMINED A VARIETY OF PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT, MAKING DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN THOUGHT AND OBJECT. • SO, FOR EXAMPLE, THE PHILOSOPHER DESCARTES IS THE SOURCE OF THE FAMOUS “I THINK THEREFORE I AM.” IN A VERY BROAD NUTSHELL, FOUCAULT MIGHT SAY, AREN’T YOU MORE THAN YOUR THOUGHTS. MOREOVER, DOES AN IDEA OR CONCEPT EQUAL THE REALITY OF SOMETHING?
  4. 4. CONTROL • IN THE MID 70S, FOUCAULT MOVED ON TO EXAMINE FORMS OF CONTROL AND CRIMINALIZATION (DISCIPLINE AND PUNISH) • LOOKS AT THE WAY THAT SOCIETY STARTED TRYING TO REFORM RATHER THAN PUNISH PEOPLE WHO BROKE LAWS, AND THE WAY THAT MODE ALSO SEEPED INTO OTHER PLACES BESIDES PRISONS. • HIS MAIN POINT IS THAT DISCIPLINE BECOMES ABOUT CREATING NORMS. THERE’S NORMAL BEHAVIOR AND ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR. • HOW DO WE SET ABOUT CREATING/ENFORCING SOCIETAL NORMS?
  5. 5. GENEOLOGY • FOUCAULT THEN WROTE HISTORY OF SEXUALITY, USING THE SAME APPROACH HE’D TAKEN TO STUDY THE HISTORY OF PUNISHMENT. • THIS APPROACH IS KNOWN AS “GENEOLOGICAL,” WHICH MEANS LOOKING AT THE PAST TO UNDERSTAND HOW WE GOT TO THE PRESENT. • SO WHEN HE EXAMINES THE HISTORY OF SEXUALITY, IT’S TO SHOW THE WAYS IN WHICH OUR CONTEMPORARY IDEAS OF SEXUALITY ARE INTRINSICALLY TIED TO POWER STRUCTURES • SEXUALITY, HE ARGUES, IS LIKE CRIMINALITY IN THE WAY IT WORKS. IT’S A SUBJECT OF SCIENCE, STUDIED, REQUIRING KNOWLEDGE. IN OTHER WORDS, PEOPLE SELF- IDENTIFY AND CONTROL THEMSELVES BASED ON THE SOCIETAL NORMS.
  6. 6. SO WHAT DOES THIS HAVE TO DO WITH GENDER THEORY? • FOUCAULT’S WORK SET ABOUT SHOWING THAT THE WAY WE THINK ABOUT SEXUALITY (AND OTHER TOPICS) ISN’T “ESSENTIAL” OR “INEVITABLE.” THAT, RATHER, ALL OF THE THINGS WE BELIEVE ABOUT SEXUAL IDENTITY ARE ATTACHED TO OTHER TYPES OF DISCOURSE (RELIGION, POLITICS, SCIENCE). • IN OTHER WORDS, OUR BELIEFS ARE CONSTRUCTED. • THIS IDEA, OF A CONSTRUCTED IDENTITY, IS AT THE HEART OF THE LEADING GENDER AND QUEER THEORISTS.
  7. 7. CATEGORIES • FOUCAULT ARGUES THAT MANY OF THE “CATEGORIES” USED FOR SEXUAL IDENTITY ARE JUST INVENTED, NOT INHERENT, BUT THAT THEY HAVE BEEN SO WIDELY ACCEPTED THAT REVEALING ONE’S CATEGORY IS LINKED WITH TRUTH AND IDENTITY. • THIS IS ONE OF THE REASONS HIS WORK HAS BEEN OF INTEREST TO FEMINISTS AND OTHERS IS THE IDEA OF SEXUALITY AND GENDER AS SOCIAL CONSTRUCTS VERSUS BIOLOGICAL ONES • HE ALSO WAS INTERESTED IN THE IDEA THAT BECAUSE OF HOW THESE CATEGORIES HAVE EVOLVED, WE DON’T NEED ANYONE ELSE TO MONITOR US BECAUSE WE MONITOR OURSELVES AND CATEGORIZE AND LABEL OURSELVES, WILLINGLY. WE SEE BEING HONEST ABOUT “WHO WE ARE” AS A PART OF BEING HONEST.
  8. 8. JUDITH BUTLER • BUTLER SEIZED ON THIS IDEA AND IT’S AT THE ROOT OF THIS IDEA OF DISCURSIVE FORMATIONS—THAT CERTAIN CATEGORIES OF PEOPLE HAVE BECOME SO WELL ESTABLISHED THAT WE ACCEPT THEM AS ESSENTIAL • THIS IS PROBLEMATIC BECAUSE THEN WE SERVE TO REPRESENT THE CATEGORIES WE’VE CREATED AS IF THEY ARE ONE AND THE SAME • HER EXAMPLE IN OUR READING IS “WOMAN” AS A CATEGORY, AS IF ALL WOMEN ARE THE SAME AND DOES NOT ACCOUNT FOR THE WAYS IN WHICH PEOPLE ARE DEFINED BEYOND THEIR GENDER, SEXUALITY OR BODIES.
  9. 9. FROM THERE, THE NOTION OF PERFORMATIVE GENDER • JUDITH BUTLER, WHO WE HAVE READ, IS KNOWN FOR MANY LEADING THEORIES REGARDING GENDER, BUT THE IDEA OF PERFORMATIVE GENDER IS PERHAPS ONE OF HER MOST DISCUSSED IDEAS. • RESPONSES?
  10. 10. LET’S PLAY THE FOUCAULT GAME • TAKE OUT A PIECE OF PAPER AND A PEN • WRITE DOWN A CATEGORY YOU THINK OTHERS MIGHT PUT YOU IN BASED ON OBSERVING YOU IN LIFE, CLASS, SOCIAL MEDIA ETC. • THESE DO NOT HAVE TO BE RELATED TO GENDER OR SEXUALITY, BUT CAN BE IF YOU WANT • NOW WRITE DOWN A CATEGORY YOU MIGHT PUT YOURSELF IN WILLINGLY BASED ON YOUR OWN SENSE OF IDENTITY • LET’S READ THESE OUT LOUD AND DISCUSS THE DISCREPANCIES (IF THERE ARE ANY) AND/OR WHAT THESE CATEGORIES TELL US ABOUT OUR OWN REALITY

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