Urbanization, Planning And Apa Hong Kong University

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presentation at U of Hong Kong for a local planners, architects and design students

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  • Urbanization, Planning And Apa Hong Kong University

    1. 1. Urbanization, Planning and APA’s China Program Hong Kong University Jeffrey Soule, FAICP
    2. 2. APA’s philosophy for international partnerships
    3. 3. <ul><li>Challenges of Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural Identity vs. globalization </li></ul><ul><li>Scarce resources </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>Civic view vs. Ego </li></ul><ul><li>A philosophy as much as technique </li></ul>What is Urban Fabric why do we care?
    4. 6. Ideological Battle <ul><li>Many architects promote a “no context” design philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Koolhaas “Tabla Rasa” </li></ul><ul><li>Much of the world views planning as architecture </li></ul><ul><li>World heritage is a humanistic approach </li></ul>
    5. 7. Beijing Ring Road System Copied from Moscow
    6. 8. Human Impacts of Development <ul><li>Destruction of traditional settlements </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity costs </li></ul><ul><li>CCTV building= $800,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Opera House= $300,000,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Bird’s nest= </li></ul><ul><li>$400,000,000 </li></ul>
    7. 9. Short Term Planning Fads 规划短视的表现 <ul><li>Bad ideas from elsewhere are not good ideas in China </li></ul><ul><li>中国不要走其它国家城市规划失误弯路 </li></ul><ul><li>CBD, Wide Streets, Skyscrapers, Plazas </li></ul><ul><li>概念误区: CBD ,大街道,摩天大厦,大广场 </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture alone does not make a city </li></ul><ul><li>建筑本身不能形成城市 </li></ul><ul><li>Design competitions are not good for planning </li></ul><ul><li>设计竞标无助优质规划 </li></ul>
    8. 10. 上海浦西 Shanghai Puxi(west), Traditional Development 上海浦东 Shanghai Pudong(east), Manhattan&Suburbia Hybrid
    9. 11. <ul><li>100m </li></ul>40-60m 80-100m 200m 300m 购物 ? 逛街 ? 吃饭 ? 喝茶 ? 以人为本 以车为本 70m
    10. 12. 浦东 Pudong= 曼哈顿 Manhattan <ul><li>? </li></ul>以车为本 以人为本 郊区式商业 都市型商业
    11. 13. 围绕公交车站的高密度开发 TOD
    12. 14. 大运量公交专用走廊 Exclusive Transit Corridor
    13. 15. Sustainability 可持续性 <ul><li>Global scope 全球范畴概念 </li></ul><ul><li>Allow next generation choices </li></ul><ul><li>为下一代预留选择 </li></ul><ul><li>Measurable 量化标准 </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency in resource consumption </li></ul><ul><li>节约型消费 </li></ul><ul><li>Planning is the only way to achieve sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>只有通过规划才能实现可持续发展 </li></ul>
    14. 16. “ Smart Growth” “ 城市精明发展 &quot; <ul><li>One part of planning 规划内涵之一 </li></ul><ul><li>How much growth? </li></ul><ul><li>城市可以发展规模有多大 ? </li></ul><ul><li>Where should it go? </li></ul><ul><li>应该在哪里开发? </li></ul><ul><li>Where should it NOT go? </li></ul><ul><li>不应该在哪里开发 ? </li></ul><ul><li>Concepts: human scale, mixed use, transportation options </li></ul><ul><li>基本概念:人本尺度;综合利用;交通体系多种选择 </li></ul>
    15. 17. “ New Urbanism” “ 新都市主义 &quot; <ul><li>Style based smart growth </li></ul><ul><li>以形式为基础的有智发展 </li></ul><ul><li>Responding to American urban renewal </li></ul><ul><li>反映美国都市唤新需求 </li></ul>
    16. 18. City Design Process <ul><li>Reading the city </li></ul><ul><li>Refle ct cultur al layers </li></ul><ul><li>Human perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Citizen participation </li></ul><ul><li>Urban design is between city plan and architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Manage at different levels </li></ul><ul><li>APA new specialty certification under AICP </li></ul>
    17. 19. Elements of Reading Places <ul><li>Customs </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Climate </li></ul><ul><li>Visual elements </li></ul><ul><li>Scale </li></ul><ul><li>Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Landscape </li></ul>
    18. 21. Importance of a strong management framework <ul><li>Establish the infrastructure to direct development </li></ul><ul><li>Create neighborhoods with distinct character </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Design guidelines based on district characteristics </li></ul>
    19. 22. Design Guidelines <ul><li>Strengthen the city’s character </li></ul><ul><li>Helps implement the civic vision and plan </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage new development that adds value to the city </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes a process and criteria for review </li></ul><ul><li>Essential for success </li></ul>
    20. 23. Annapolis Design Guidelines preserve the city fabric
    21. 24. Washington DC
    22. 25. “ 十一五”期间的二大目标 Main Goals of the Eleventh Five-Year Plan <ul><li>在优化结构、提高效益和降低消耗的基础上,实现二〇一〇年人均国内生产总值比二〇〇〇年翻一番; </li></ul><ul><li>Double GDP Per Capita from Year 2000 by 2010, with focus on maximizing structure, improving efficiency and reducing energy consumption. </li></ul>
    23. 26. <ul><li>资源利用效率显著提高,单位国内生产总值能源消耗比“十五”期末降低 20 %左右,生态环境恶化趋势基本遏制,耕地减少过多状况得到有效控制。 </li></ul><ul><li>Greatly improve energy consumption efficiency. Unit GDP energy consumption to decrease by 20% from end of Tenth Five-Year Plan Period; Contain eco-environment deterioration; Effective control of excessive loss of cultivated farmlands. </li></ul>
    24. 27. <ul><li>推进经济结构调整和经济增长方式转变,要把节约资源作为基本国策,大力发展循环经济,提高资源利用效率,加大环境治理力度,切实保护好自然生态; </li></ul><ul><li>Adjust economic structure and economic growth model; make energy conservation a fundamental national priority; emphasize development of recycle economy; improve resource consumption efficiency; strengthen environmental protection measures; invest earnest efforts in natural ecosystem preservation. </li></ul>
    25. 28. APA in China APA 在中国 <ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Training 培训 </li></ul><ul><li>Exchanges 交流 </li></ul><ul><li>Workshops 研讨班 </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration projects 示范项目 </li></ul>
    26. 29. Policy and Partnerships 政策与合作伙伴 <ul><li>APA Provides Advice and Participation on Planning Issues </li></ul><ul><li>Provincial and Municipal Agreements 省市级(签约)合作伙伴 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jiangsu 江苏省 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chongqing 重庆市 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shanghai 上海市 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanjing 南京市 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non Governmental Organizations 非政府机构(签约)合作伙伴 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China Association of City Planning 中国城市规划协会 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Academy of Urban Design 中国城市规划学会 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China Society of Historic Preservation 中国历史保护学会 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China Land Society 中国土地学会 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ren Min University 中国人民大学 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences 上海社会科学院 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Level Agreements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ministry of Land and Resources 国土资源部 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China Environment Protection Agency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Administration of Cultural Heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Administration of Foreign Experts (Certified) </li></ul></ul>
    27. 30. Demonstration Projects <ul><li>Work hand in hand with public agencies </li></ul><ul><li>Follow up to training </li></ul><ul><li>Important issue nationwide </li></ul><ul><li>Replicability </li></ul><ul><li>“ First time” </li></ul><ul><li>Climate for success </li></ul><ul><li>Partnerships </li></ul>
    28. 31. Case Examples
    29. 32. Nanjing Men Xi Combining preservation with development
    30. 33. <ul><li>Inventory </li></ul><ul><li>Establish form characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Locate Key new development in cleared industrial area </li></ul><ul><li>Tie into overall tourism strategy </li></ul>
    31. 34. Zhenjiang <ul><li>New Town Design </li></ul><ul><li>Based on historic urban landscape </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporates modern design within a local framework </li></ul><ul><li>Strategic Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Global Planners Network </li></ul>
    32. 36. Shanghai Xu Hui <ul><li>Response to mega design </li></ul><ul><li>Urban redevelopment from human perspective </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation underlies urban form </li></ul><ul><li>Scale, pedestrian orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Individual buildings subordinate to pattern </li></ul>
    33. 37. Beijing Qianmen <ul><li>Historic preservation, tourism and redevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>High visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Conflict with leaders </li></ul><ul><li>APA asserts ethical principles </li></ul>
    34. 38. ChangXing Heritage Area and scenic corridor
    35. 39. <ul><li>Ideas for APA </li></ul><ul><li>Coalition of Design and Planning Interests </li></ul><ul><li>Training partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Annual event </li></ul><ul><li>Student and faculty opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>What are the opportunities? Needs? </li></ul>Partnerships in Hong Kong
    36. 40. Contact APA 请和我们联系 <ul><li>Chen Suning, 陈苏宁 </li></ul><ul><li>Chief Representative 驻华首席代表 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No. 6 , Lane1696, Central Huai Hai Road, Shanghai </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>上海淮海中路1696弄6号 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 6474 0939 Tel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21 6431 2490 fax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul>
    37. 41. Questions and Discussion

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