Manthan Topic - Future Cities
Towards Better Cities
A Comprehensive report
Team Details –
1.) Stephen Ipe Varghese,
2.) Karthik Akkiraju,
3.) Ashish Bajaj,
4.) Deepak Karwa
5.) Rahul Dcunha
Cause for Concern:
250million people, 80% of US populations will live in cities by
Number of cities with >1 million population increase from 42
Cities cover 16% of land but account for half of GDP and 90%
of tax revenues.
City expansion with a lack of
consultation and transparency.
Environmental detonation due
non-existence of dumps and the
accumulation on the vacant
Stressed urban transport.
A great challenge or a greater opportunity??
• HOV Lanes
• Smart Traffic
• Energy Solutions
• Water Sufficiency
• Waste Management
• Housing Solutions
• Creation of Special
Water Resources: Towards Self Sufficiency
Rain Water HarvestingRun-off Collection
Solar desalinationWaste water treatment
Water Sensitive Urban Design(WSUD)
• integrating water cycle management into urban planning and
• Manage storm water in the landscape
• Protect waterways
• Add multiple benefits while minimising development costs
• Modern Rainwater Management: Interjection of facilities
• Urban Rainwater Harvesting: Use of new technologies and freshwater storage systems
• Urban Hydraulic cross-linking: Use water as a design element
• Water reuse: Hot spot wastewater treatment
• Innovative urban surface design: avoidance or unsealing of impervious surfaces
• User Specific Regulations
• New Greening Concepts
Sustainable Drainage Systems(SuDS)
• Generation of ponds, wetlands, swages and basins that
mimic natural drainage.
• Permeable paving such as pervious concrete
Change from collection and
transportation by road to an underground
pneumatic waste conveying system.
Waste segregation at source must be
encouraged by means of legislative
Bring utility electricity delivery into the
21st century using computer based remote
control and automation.
Utilize permeable, light colored or
landscaped surfaces wherever practical to
reduce heat retention.
Tool to Optimize energy consumption
of cities by calculating the amount of
solar radiation that reaches streets
Piezo-electric materials to harness moving
traffic energy (at zebra crossings and
speed-breakers) to power signals and
street LED lights.
Energy and Waste Management
Simulation of a shadow model.
Researchers from UPM have
constructed two complementary
“shadow models”— one that
shows radiation behaviour and
the other that shows exchange of
Grid & Lighting
Transportation: Driving Change
Heavy Occupancy Vehicle Lanes
A HOV lane is a lane reserved for exclusive use of vehicles with a driver
and one or more passengers
Would increase average vehicle occupancy.
Smart Traffic Solutions
Intelligent transportation solutions
help reduce traffic congestion
through more efficient
management of transportation
Role of auto rickshaw sector:
Low cost mobility to destination.
GPS for overcharging and improved
Case of Bangalore:
4.8 million people on more than 6100 buses across
50% of motorized trips.
Number of registered vehicles increased from 1.18
million to 2.75million (133% increase in 8 years)
Worst Traffic Jams in India
Public Bicycle Schemes
Pick up and drop bicycles
Equipped with GPS
For daily wage laborers and
There must be campaigns to promote Car-pooling. It has
proven to reduce emissions greatly in countries where car
pooling is prevalent
Relocation of population due to
Better living standards
“ Large planned, integrated, purpose-built developments nearby larger cities that are
designed to curb urban sprawl to the suburb and supplement ‘mother city’ expansion “
Satellite Cities: Easing the Burden
Setting up of new industries contribute to
Generation of Jobs
Well planned cities with facilities such as hospitals, schools and office spaces.
They must have excellent links with the main city.
They can be created under a PPP (Public Private Partnership) model.
They must be self-contained, self-sustainable cities that promise to bring recreation, living and consumption
They can be made SEZs (Special Economic Zones) to attract industries.
There are many successful models of satellite cities across the world such as Atlantic City (Philadelphia, USA), Abbotsford (Vancouver,
Canada), Bucheon (Seoul, South Korea). Indian satellite cities such as Gurgaon (Delhi), Noida (Delhi) and Navi Mumbai (Mumbai) have proven
How do we get there?
• Monetize land assets to fund urban infrastructure
• Maximize the potential of property taxes and user charges
• Create a formula-based grant system from State and Central Government
• Use debt and Private Sector participation appropriately
• Create enabling mechanisms such as SPVs and city development funds to facilitate use of these revenue sources
• Devolution of power between to cities that would empower local leaders but would also hold them accountable
• Shifting the service delivery structures from archaic and bureaucratic departments to corporatized agencies to enable quick
• Development of a coordinate system, integrating individual skills rather than extraordinary competence of a single
• Introduction of a “cascaded” planning structure in which large cities have 2o and 40 year plans at the metropolitan level
binding on municipal development plans
• Optimal allocation od space through land use and Floor Area Ratio planning.
• Craft policies for key urban sector, especially affordable housing for low income groups and environmental sustainability
• Four critical areas to be considered: Job creation, affordable housing for low income groups, public transportation and
climate change mitigation
• Combination of higher FAR up to 1 to land, an infrastructure grant to municipal body, and interests subsidies can create a
surge in affordable housing stock
Where will all resources come from?
Who will lead and be accountable?
How will cities make and enforce land and space choices?
What policies should be formulated for growth in all sectors?
Expected energy savings as a result of
implementation of smart grid and
alternative energy systems
Enable India to meet it’s ecological goals
by reducing it’s carbon footprint
Efficient usage of land would lead to
greater availability of arable land.
Urbanization would reduce India’s
dependence on agriculture and
wealth for the
Ugly, inequitable and unsustainable.
Lack of potential tenants.
Housing bubble burst.
Investment of $20 billion city modernization scheme.
Absence of long term city plan lead to failure of the flagship program.
Absence of participatory planning due to lack of ownership
Policies have the desired outcomes.
Policies contained in the plan are being carried out.
Priorities have changed or have remained the same.
Assumptions underpinning the plan continue to be valid.
• An urban Monitor as support for a participative management of developing
cities, A. Repetti, R. Prelaz Droux. Habitat Intenrational 27 (2003) 653-667.
• Appropriate Technology and Public Policy: The Urban Waste Management
System in Cairo, Kingsley E. Haynes and Sherif
• M. El-hakim, American Geographical Society.
• India’s urban awakening :Building inclusive cities, sustaining economic
growth, Mckinsey Global Institute.
• Planning and development, City of Ottawa,(ottawa.ca/en/city-
• Water Sensitive Urban Design, Sydney Metropolitan CMA.
• Sensitivity analysis of two different shadow models implemented into
EULAG CFD model: Madrid experiment. R. San Jose, J. L. Pérez, R.M.
Gónzalez Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment 15(2): 319-325,
• A new African dream: The benefits of satellite cities for East Africa,
SitingaKachipande, Consultancy Africa Intelligence
• An Improved Adaptive Background Mixture Model for Real-time Tracking
with Shadow Detection, P. Kaew Tra Kul Pong and R.Bowden, Proc. 2nd
European Workshop on Advanced Video Based Surveillance Systems.
AVBS01, Sept 2001