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  1. 1. Deciduous Forest Alix Morrison Jena Manley BOT 171
  2. 2. First Impressions <ul><li>Germantown Metropark </li></ul><ul><li>5 Layers </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Litter prominent </li></ul><ul><li>Many fallen trees </li></ul>
  3. 3. First Impressions <ul><li>Backwoods of Alix’s house </li></ul><ul><li>5 layers </li></ul><ul><li>Many Maple Trees </li></ul><ul><li>Fallen trees from windstorm </li></ul><ul><li>Leaf Litter </li></ul>
  4. 4. Do these two natural areas display the same characteristics of a deciduous forest?
  5. 5. Trees <ul><li>Basswood & Beech common in Germantown </li></ul><ul><li>Ash & Buckeye found on Alix’s site </li></ul>
  6. 6. Trees Cont. <ul><li>Maples prominent on both sites (very young maples near ground & in sub-canopy) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Herbaceous Plants <ul><li>Various herbaceous plants growing up through leaf litter </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shrubs <ul><li>Honeysuckle around edges of woods </li></ul>
  9. 9. Simple Plants & Fungi <ul><li>Moss prevalent on rocks, bases of trees, and fallen trees </li></ul>
  10. 10. Soils & Litter <ul><li>Very thick leaf litter, deep organic layer </li></ul><ul><li>Rich soil </li></ul><ul><li>Many fallen, decaying trees </li></ul>
  11. 11. Conclusion
  12. 12. References <ul><ul><ul><li>Fialkowski, M., & Bitner, A. (2008). Universal rules for fragmentation of land by humans. Landscape Ecology , 23 (9), 1013 - 1022. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Kara, O., & Bolat, I. (2008). Plant canopy effects on litter accumulation and soil microbial biomass in two temperate forests. Biology and Fertility of Soils . 45 , 193-198. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pearce, D. W. . (2001). The Economic Value of Forest Ecosystems. Ecosystem Health , 7 (4), 284-296. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queensland University of Technology (2007, July 6). Weeds Survive The Wild Better Than Natives. ScienceDaily . Retrieved November 20, 2008, from­ /releases/2007/07/070704144838.htm </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vellend, M., & Lechowicz, M.J. (2000). Germination and establishment of forest sedges. American Journal of Botany . </li></ul></ul></ul>