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Power to Smart Citizens: reTHINK @ Smart Cities, Paulo Chainho, TADSummit 2018


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Power to Smart Citizens: reTHINK @ Smart Cities
Paulo Chainho, R&D Manager at Altice Labs

Update on reThink, a Decentralized Real Time Communication service architecture enabling dynamic trusted relationships among distributed applications called
Hyperlinked Entities (“Hyperties”)
Latest results on applying reThink to smart cities: Sharing Lisboa Case Study ( )

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Power to Smart Citizens: reTHINK @ Smart Cities, Paulo Chainho, TADSummit 2018

  1. 1. Power to Smart Citizens reTHINK @ Smart Cities 14th November 2018
  2. 2. 2 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Outline 1. reTHINK reCap 2. reTHINK @ Smart Cities • Case Study: Digital Social Market (Sharing Lisboa) 3. Conclusions
  3. 3. 3 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Motivation  Telcos are lagging behind Global Web Players but Users (as well as Regulators) are not comfortable with Web Monopolies gaining more and more power.  Emerging technologies enable new service delivery paradigms: it is the right time to rethink communications and disrupt web players. IN IMS, CloudPSTN Digital Networks Computers Internet + Web Internet + Web + P2P + Blockchain Microservices, Edge Computing, Decentralized Web Telcos, IT Telcos, OTT New Playground TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  4. 4. 4 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens reTHINK framework implementation • Design and implementation funded by H2020 EU Program (2015 - 2017) •Source code available at GIT Hub ( ) with commercial friendly licence (Apache 2.0) •Documentation available at: • Currently maintained by Altice Labs
  5. 5. 5 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens Design Principles: Decentralised Communications • trustworthy communication among any peer without central authorities or communication monopolies. •inter-operability among Communication Service Providers as well as among Application Service Providers. • can be applied to any kind of communication, including human-to-human, human-to- things, and things-to-things communication.
  6. 6. 6 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Proposition1: Interoperability with nearly Zero Standards Interoperability without having to agree in advance on common protocols or service APIs i.e. federation of CSPs is not required. (Protocol on-the-fly and Reporter-Observer peer-to- peer data synchronization pattern) TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  7. 7. 7 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Proposition 2: Power back to People Users have the choice to decide who manages their private data and identities. The end- user is empowered to decide about which Identity Provider to trust, i.e. User Identities are decoupled from Service Providers. TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  8. 8. 8 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Proposition 3: Hyperties, the reusable building block to develop complex decentralized Applications The reTHINK Framework enables the usage of microservices architectural patterns in the Decentralized Ecosystem. Hyperties are independently deployable components each one providing a small set of business capabilities, using the smart endpoints and dumb pipes philosophy. TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  9. 9. 9 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 reTHINK @ Smart Cities: Sharing Cities • Consortium of 35 partners • Wide-scale deployment of smart city solutions • Shift thinking  Decarbonized and local renewables  Role of digital technology • Improvement • Urban mobility • Energy efficiency in buildings • Reduce carbon emissions TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  10. 10. 10 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 DSM Common Cause Citizen - Community Local business SCHOOL reTHINK Case Study: Digital Social Market (DSM)  Exchange of goods and services  Unites citizens through common causes  Work for a purpose e.g. Schools  Sharing Lisboa Trial: Students, teachers, parents, local citizens, local business – community • 3 Schools • 4500 students • 3 neighbourhoods (around 130 000 people) • Local shops network TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens
  11. 11. 11 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 DSM Vídeo TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens Click to play
  12. 12. 13 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 TADS18: Power to Smart Citizens Have a try: (Android only) Personal contributions and progress …earn tokens by learning, walking, local business support, saving energy … …take advantage of bonus from local business by spending earned tokens
  13. 13. 14 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Identity Providers External Citizen Behaviour Reporters Wallet Citizen Behaviour Reporter / Observer Citizens’ Device Hyperties Identity Google FIT, EDP-D, GIRA, Mobi.e DSM back-end Hyperties Citizen Behaviour Rating External Data Anonymous citizen data authenticate Tokens Transfer …earning tokens by riding e-bike, by driving e-car and by saving energy at home! High Level Architecture Citizen Personal Data Backup Service Provider Other Citizen Chat
  14. 14. 15 Q_GOP_DM_02_V1.5 Conclusions • Decentralised Communications are a big opportunity for Telcos to differentiate from Global Web Players. • This is a long term journey. Business cases (and models) are a challenge. •Difficult to get internal support based on services where revenues are eroding (e.g. H2H communication). Look where your board is investing on. • Smart Cities fits well: • Citizen privacy concerns (hello GDPR) • Heteregeneous (technical and business) environment • Budget available • Next: decentralised economic incentives. However Blockchain is still a big “?” (the revolution will not be tokenised?)
  15. 15. Thank you 1