Varnish Cache and its usage in the real world!


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Varnish Cache and its usage in the real world! - Magento implementation guide.

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  • Thanks for sharing such a nice post, yes its like necessary in real word of magento, to keep your store perform well,
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Varnish Cache and its usage in the real world!

  1. 1. Varnish Cache and its usage in the real world Ivan Chepurnyi Owner EcomDev BV
  2. 2. Ivan Chepurnyi About me Meet Magento • Technical Consultant, Owner at EcomDev B.V. • Started as one of the first five developers in original Magento core team • Magento Developer Coach in Europe • Main areas of my expertise: – System Architecture – Performance Optimization – Test Driven Development – Complex Customizations
  3. 3. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Varnish is not a cache backend
  4. 4. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Varnish is a frontend caching proxy
  5. 5. Ivan Chepurnyi Simple Workflow Meet Magento First call to a page
  6. 6. Ivan Chepurnyi Simple Workflow Meet Magento Subsequent requests
  7. 7. Ivan Chepurnyi How Varnish Works Meet Magento recv hit passmiss hash pipe deliver fetch • recv – request is received from client • pipe – direct output of backend data (streaming) • hash – request is cacheable, lookup cache entry • pass – request is not cacheable • hit – cache entry is found • miss – cache entry not found • fetch – retrieval of data from backend • deliver – return data to client
  8. 8. Ivan Chepurnyi What can we do with it? Meet Magento • Cache static pages (Homepage, CMS, Contacts, etc) • Cache catalog pages: – Category listings – Product search results – Product view pages • Cache page parts: – CMS Blocks – Header – Footer
  9. 9. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Is it possible to clear Varnish cache based on product, category, store, etc? YES!!!
  10. 10. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento The Secret is in Cache Object structure
  11. 11. Ivan Chepurnyi Cached Object in Varnish Meet Magento Cached Object Response Headers Response Body Cache Metadata Cache Content
  12. 12. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento We just going to supply object ID with its type in response headers, so it later on can be used to flush pages containing our object.
  13. 13. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento But is it possible to make cache lifetime dynamic per product, category, etc? YES!!!
  14. 14. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento You can supply a response header, that contains a TTL of the page.
  15. 15. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento So what should be done to implement Varnish in Magento with all the benefits?
  16. 16. Ivan Chepurnyi Varnish in Magento Meet Magento • Collect current page objects, that are shown on the page. Also add them into response headers. • Create a connector to a Varnish admin protocol, that will be used for flushing of the page by object ids. • Implement auto-updated AJAX blocks for: – Shopping cart – Wishlist – Customer Account links
  17. 17. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento But I have good news: I alredy developed a module that gives you a solid foundation for using Varnish in your project!
  18. 18. Ivan Chepurnyi EcomDev_Varnish Meet Magento Download URL: Requires: • Varnish 3.0 • Minimal changes to your theme Supports: • Flush of cache on update of product, category, cms page, csm block, price rules • Client side cacheable AJAX placeholders (Cart, Wishlist, etc) • Possibility to make a cache based on customer segment • Cache for logged in users
  19. 19. Ivan Chepurnyi Before you start using it… Meet Magento • Make a list of dynamic blocks in your project: – Shopping Cart – Login blocks – Special Promo for Customer • Validate possible visitor segments of your project: – Customer group – Language / Country • Make a list of themes you need to modify
  20. 20. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Making an element dynamic on varnish cached page
  21. 21. Ivan Chepurnyi Code Sample Dynamic Block Meet Magento <default_varnish> <reference name=”parentBlock”> <action method="unsetChild”> <block>dynamicBlockAlias</block> </action> <block as="dynamicBlockAlias” name=”dynamicBlockPlaceholder" template="ecomdev/varnish/wrapper/placeholder.phtml" type="core/template"> <action method="append"> <block>dynamicBlock</block> </action> <action method="setBlockName"> <block>dynamicBlock</block> </action> <action method="setCookie"> <cookie>dynamicCookie</cookie> </action> <action method="setWrapperId"> <htmlId>elementId</htmlId> </action> </block> </reference> </default_varnish> Layout File • parentBlock – name of the parent block • dynamicBlockAlias – alias of the dynamic block in parent block • dynamicBlockPlaceholder – unique name of your placeholder • dynamicBlock – name of the original dynamic block • dynamicCookie – name of the cookie for dynamic blocks • elementId – HTML ID for the placeholder div, that is going to be used as container
  22. 22. Ivan Chepurnyi Available Dynamic Cookies Meet Magento • quote_checksum – checksum of the current quote contents • customer_checksum – checksum based on the customer identification, if logged in customer gets changed • is_logged_in – boolean flag of the logged in state of the visitor • segment_checksum – checksum of the current customer segment: – customer group id – store view
  23. 23. Ivan Chepurnyi How does it work? Meet Magento • Your original block gets wrapped by a custom div with some JS code • When customer visits a page, JS checks for a cookie value and compares it with latest saved one in local/session storage • If it is different it requests /varnish/ajax/reload for retrieving dynamic content and saves it to local/session storage • If it is the same, it just updates block from local/session storage
  24. 24. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Adding custom TTL for a page
  25. 25. Ivan Chepurnyi Code Sample Custom TTL Meet Magento // Somewhere in your code you just simply call it // Varnish module will take the lowest value in array of TTL that were added Mage::helper(‘ecomdev_varnish’) ->addTtl($timeInSeconds); Code Block
  26. 26. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Making custom page cacheable
  27. 27. Ivan Chepurnyi Code Sample Custom Page Meet Magento <config> <varnish> <pages> <layout_handle_name translate="label" module=”your_module"> <label>Your Page Name</label> </layout_handle_name> </pages> </varnish> <default> <varnish> <pages> <layout_handle_name_time>360</layout_h andle_name_time> </pages> </varnish> </default> </config> config.xml • layout_handle_name – full name of the layout handle that should be cacheable • your_module – name of the module used for translation of label • Your Page Name – name of your pages, that will be shown in System Configuration - Varnish Cache • 360 – default cache lifetime of the page
  28. 28. Ivan Chepurnyi Varnish vs Full Page Cache Meet Magento Varnish • Avg. time to first byte 30ms • Dedicated software • Tools to monitor cache usage • Scalable • Requires adaptation of themes for dynamic parts • Possibility to flush group of pages Magento FPC implementation • Avg. time to first byte 300-400ms • Magento code level • N/A • Only as another backend node • Most of the time it is not required • N/A
  29. 29. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento But why do I need to use EcomDev_Varnish?
  30. 30. Ivan Chepurnyi EcomDev_Varnish vs the others Meet Magento • Cache lifetime specified on Magento code level, without changing VCL • By using collectors & processors, it can be easily extended to support additional entities • Client-side cacheable dynamic parts • Cache enabled for all kind of visitors • Saves your money on hardware
  31. 31. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento The choice is up to you!
  32. 32. Ivan Chepurnyi OpenSource Roadmap 2014 Meet Magento 1. Finalize EcomDev_Varnish module and make it open source; 2. EcomDev_PHPUnit refactoring for API based fixtures; Progress: 20% 3. Working on EcomDev_Index module, to provide alternative of standard indexation mechanism in Magento: – Flat Indexers (failover indexation) – UrlRewrites (full refactor of existing module) – Layered Navigation (Sphinx) – Better Search (Sphinx)
  33. 33. Ivan Chepurnyi Meet Magento Thank You!
  34. 34. Questions? Email: Website: LinkedIn: Twitter: