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Activities to explore the topic of sexism for the ESL classroom

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  1. 1. Unit: It´s raining men!
  2. 2. Humidity's risin' barometer's getting _______ according to our sources the street's the place to go cos tonight for the first _______ just about _______ past ten for the first time in history it's gonna _______ raining men it's raining men hallejulah it's raining men amen it's raining men hallejulah it's raining men amen ow humidity's risin' barometer's getting _______ _______ to our sources the street's the _______ to go cos tonight for the first time just about _______ past ten for the first time in history it's gonna _______ raining men it's raining men hallejulah it's raining men amen I'm gonna go out I'm gonna get myself get absolutley soaking wet it's rainin men hallejulah it's rainin men every specimen tall blonde dark and lean rough and tough and strong and mean god bless _______ nature she's a single woman _______ she took over heaven and she did what she had to do she fought _______ angel to rearrange the sky so that each and every woman could find the perfect guy it's raining men go get yourself wet girl I know you want to I feel stormy where the roof is in I've got to begin heaven on earth don't you loose your _______ rip off the roof and stay in bed rip off the roof and stay it's raining men hallejulah it's raining men amen it's raining men hallejulah .... Fill in the gaps with the following words: according, every, low, head, half, start, time, where, mother, about, too, place. What is the meaning of: Cos? Gonna? Risin? I’ve? Underline: a. Three adjectives b. Three prepositions c. A sentence in the simple present d. A sentence in the present continuous e. A sentence in the simple past
  3. 3. Pre-Listening: It is said that women and men are two worlds apart. Discuss with a boy from your class whether the following statements can be applied to women, mer or both. 1.- Women are obsessed about dieting and their weight 2.- Men don't care about being in a relationship. They'd rather spend time with their friends. 3.- When women turn 30 they are desperate for having a serious relationship. 4.- Men don't care about their looks. 5.- Football, football and more football...that's all men care about 6.- Women love shopping and make-up While-listening: You are going to watch a fragment from the movie Brdiget Jones´ Diary. Bridget is a British woman who is in her 3os and writes a diary about her feras and wishes concerning her job, her relationships and herself. Say if the following statements are true or false: a) Bridget has decided to be on a diet b) Bridget thinks that her boss is extremely cute c) Bridget wants to quit smoking d) Bridget wants to get a better job Post-listening: In the movie they use the term “spinster”. This word is used to describe a woman who has not got married. It has negative connotations. When a man is single, he is called a “bachelor”. This word, however, doesn´t have negative connotations.
  4. 4. Bart Simpson's aunts, Patty and Selma, are also regarded as spinsters. The Spanish equivalent would be solterona. There are many words in English which have negative connotations when applied to a female, but positive ones when applied to a male. Witch/wizard master/mistress dog/bitch governor/governess fox/vixen Explain the difference that exists between the aforementioned pairs of words depending on whether they are applied to a man or a woman. Now think of Spanish and mention at least three pairs of words in which the same distinction can be seen (eg zorro and zorra). Vocabulary
  5. 5. Speaking: sexist jokes Marriage: Why do married men gain weight while bachelors don't? Bachelors go to the refrigerator, see nothing they want, then go to bed. Married guys go to the bed, see nothing they want, then go to the refrigerator. The perfect couple: Once upon a time, a perfect man and a perfect woman met. After a perfect courtship, they had a perfect wedding. Their life together was, of course, perfect. One snowy, stormy Christmas Eve, this perfect couple were driving their perfect car along a winding road, when they noticed someone at the side of the road in distress. Being the perfect couple, they stopped to help. There stood Santa Claus with a huge bundle of toys. Not wanting to disappoint any children on the Eve of Christmas, the perfect couple loaded Santa and his toys into their vehicle. Soon they were driving along delivering the toys. Unfortunately, the driving conditions deteriorated and the perfect couple and Santa Claus had an accident. Only one of them survived the accident. Who was the only survivor? If there is no perfect man and no Santa Claus, the perfect woman must have been driving. This explains why there was a car accident. Talk in pairs about the following jokes and describe the illustrations to your partner. Do you know any other sexist joke?
  6. 6. Speaking: Sexist jokes II What is the difference between a "Battery" and a woman? A battery has a positive side. How do you know when a woman's about to say something smart? When she starts her sentence with "A man once told me..." Q: What do you call a man that lost all of his intelligence? A: A widow. In the beginning, God created theheavens and the earth and rested. Then God created man and rested. Then God created woman. Since then, neither God nor man has rested. What does a beer bottle and a guy have in common? They´re both empty from the neck up.
  7. 7. Pre-reading: Work with your partner and answer these questions: a) At home who does usually do the cooking? Mum Dad My siblings I someone else b) Who is more likely to clean your house? Mum Dad My siblings I someone else c) Who does the shopping? Mum Dad My siblings I someone else d) Who does the ironing?Mum Dad My siblings I someone else e) Was your grandmother a housewife? Yes/No. And your mother? Yes/No While-reading: You are going to read different fragments showing how the status of women has changed in the course of time. Read the following fragments and arrange them in chronological order (ie. from the oldest to the newest) Post-reading: After reading the passages, do you think women have the same rights as men today? Reading: Fighting for women's rights
  8. 8. Reading: Fighting for women's rights During World War II, a serious shortage of able-bodied men ("manpower") occurred, and women were required to take on many of the traditional male roles. (eg.: worked in factories, built houses, repair machines, etc). This led to a new view of what a woman was capable of doing. Traditionally, women were brought up to be the perfect hoursewives and perfect mothers. Many of them did not receive education. They just learn to read and write because their main focus was on ironing, sewing, cleaning, and cooking. Women had to marry a man, look after him and give him chlldren. Women had no voice and could not vote. At the beginning of the 20th century, several women in Britain started to fight for their right to vote in the elections. At first, the protests were peaceful, but they became more and more violent. Speeches in Parliament were interrupted and windows of public buildings were smashed. These women were called “suffragettes” because their goal was to obtain univeral suffragge. One of the forerunners of the Suffragette Movement was Emmeline Pankhurst. She orgaznied demonstrations to fight for women´s rights. In 1913 she was arrested and sentenced to three years in prison. She started a hunger strike and was then released. Emmeline chained herself to the railings outside Buckingham Palace to complain about the situation of women. In 1918 the vote was given to all men over 21 and to women over the age of 30. A few years later it was given to all adults over the age of 21. Even in the 21st century many women have no rights. In some countries there are still arranged marriages and women are confined to the domestic world.
  9. 9. WRITING: Imagine that you are a psychologist specialized in family therapy. You have three couples complaining about their partners. Listen to them and give them some good advive so that their marriage can work. Couple no. 1 Husband: I arrive home very tired and I always get the same horrible food. My wife never cooks for me, all she does is heat food in the microwave. Besides, the house is a mess and the children don´t let me relax in the evening. I am a businessman and make a lot of money to support my family. All I want when I get home is good food and silence. She is simply a housewife. She has nothing to do! Wife: I´m fed up with my husband. He thinks that being a housewife, my whole life is devoted to looking after the house, the kids and him! I have four kids and since I get up in the morning I don´t stop. I make breakfast, take the kids to school, clean the house, do shopping, pick up the kids, help them with their homework, iron, bathe them...I can´t continue like this! Couple no. 2: Husband: I am a slave. I work long hours in my office and when I arrive home I have to cook, iron and clean the house. My wife doesn´t work. She spends the whole day doing shopping, going to the gym and meeting her friends. What can I do? Wife: I regard myself as a feminist. Women have suffered a lot. My granny and mum were housewives. They had to cook, clean the house and look after the chilren. I don´t want to do that. I don´t want to have children either. Now it is time for women to live like men did! Couple no. 3 Wife: Both my husband and I worked in an office but when we arrive home we share the housework. Mike loves cooking, so he is usually in charge of the meals and while I iron and clean the house, he helps the kids with their homework and plays with them. The problem is that he is very lenient and when I punish the kids he always lets them get their way. If I tell Mary that her curfew is 9 pm he tells her that she can arrive later. If Mike Jr. fails Maths and I tell him that he cannot play basketball till he finishes his homework, my husband tells him that he can play first and then study. I have no authority. What can I do? Husband: I can´t complain about Meg. She is a great wife and a good mother. Perhaps she is very strict with the kids. She doesn´t understand they are just kids and need to enjoy themselves.
  10. 10. Reading: Leaflet: Violence against women What is domestic Violence? Any incident of threatening behaviour, violence or abuse against women, including coercion and loss of freedom, by means of either physical, sexual or psychological aggression Contempt, Humiliation, Physical Abuse, Rape You can be a victim of domestic violence if -does not value your feelings -ridicules or insults women as a group -uses his affection as a reward or a punishment -humiliates you in public or in private -refuses to maintain social relationships in your presence -withholds money and makes all the decisions -prevents you from going to work or makes you financially support the household -often threatens to abandon you or to hurt you or your family -punishes your children or does not take care of them -threatens that you will never see the children again if you leave What can you do? Find trustworthy people to talk to: family, friends, neighbours… Demand justice and lodge a complaint against your partner Leave your home if you fear for your life: it is not a crime Dial our 24-hour free women’s help line: 00-1-910-9910
  11. 11. Reading: Barbie Pre-reading: a) Have a look at this photograph. Do you know the name of this doll? b) As a child, did you ever play with a Barbie doll? c) Do you like this doll? Why/not? d) Why do you think Barbie is so popular? While-reading: You are going to read a text about the origin of Barbie. While you read check whether the following statements are true or false. 1.-The creator of Barbie was Ruth´s daughter. T/F 2.- Barbie broke with the typical view of the baby doll. T/F 3.-From the very beginning toy buyers took to Barbie. T/F 4.-The doll was named after her creator´s daughter. T/F
  12. 12. Reading: Barbie She began like any other great invention does - as an idea in a visionary's head. Ruth Handler, co-founder of Mattel Toys, was watching her daughter Barbara play with paper dolls and imagine them in grown-up roles when the idea hit her - why not make a teenage doll that little girls could play and dream about the future with? Ruth recognized the value of helping children realize their dreams and goals through play. After researching the current doll market, Ruth confirmed that while there were plenty of baby dolls available, there were no three-dimensional teenage dolls. She then resolved to create such a doll through her own company, which she co-founded with her husband Elliott Handler. Ruth and Elliott unveiled Barbie doll, the teenage fashion model, at New York's annual Toy Fair in 1959. Initially, toy buyers were skeptical. Never before had anyone seen a doll so small, yet so sophisticated. As a teenager, Barbie was completely unlike any of the baby or toddler dolls popular at the time. Critics posed the question - Would anyone buy her? Undaunted by skepticism, Mattel stood firmly behind the first Barbie doll, launching an innovative television ad campaign. Barbie quickly caught the attention of little girls across the country. She soon became a worldwide sensation, and remains as popular as ever today.
  13. 13. Reading: Barbie Post-reading: Even though Barbie remains one of the most popular toys today, many people argue that the doll provides girls with a negative model because Barbie embodies an unattainable canon of beauty. On the other hand, others think that Barbie is a great toy because the doll mirrors what a modern woman should be (eg: independent, strong, professional and intelligent). Together with your partner fill in the chart with some negative and positive qualities of this doll. . Barnie is an independent woman Barbie is superficicial Barbie is a highly qualified professional woman Barbie embodies an unattainable (astronaut, doctor, vet, teacher) canon of beauty and might promote anorexia and bulimia Write a for and against composition about the negative and positive characteristics of this doll. Take into account the columns above! PROS CONS Writing
  14. 14. GRAMMAR POINT: THE PASSIVE VOICE We use the passive a) When we are more interested in the event than person who did the action Violence against women is discussed in the Parliament b) To talk about events in history Several suffragettes were sent to prison c) To describe technical or scientific processes The gases are released into the atmosphere d) To be objective, especially in news reports or scientific experiments Three policemen have been murdered e) With certain verbs like believe, feel, consider, say, think and understand Some women are thought to be seriously in danger The preposition BY is used to say who or what was responsible for the action. The preposition BY is used to say who or what was responsible for the action. The suffragette movement was led by Emmeline Pankhurst TO FORM THE PASSIVE: TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE Eg: She was punched by her husband
  15. 15. GRAMMAR POINT: THE PASSIVE VOICE Complete the following sentences with the passive voice of the verbs in brackets. 1.- America .......................................(discover) by Columbus in 1492. 2.- Barbie ...............................(design) by Mattel. 3.- The girl ..............................(bite) by a dog. 4.- Chupa-Chups .....................(invent) by a Spanish man. 5.- This library ........................(build) last year. 6.- Don Quixote ....................(write) by Cervantes. 7.- The party ....................(throw) at the Ritz Hotel. 8.- Kennedy .......................(murder) in Dallas. 9.- A treasure ....................(found) in Egypt. 10.- John.................(believe) to have won the lottery.
  16. 16. GRAMMAR POINT:THE PASSIVE VOICE Self-Assessment • Complete the following sentences with the passive form of the verb in brackets. a) This fact _________(know). b) The theatre ________(open) last month. c) The answers must ______(write) in ink. d) The man _______(keep) in custody by the police. e) Much of London _________(destroy) in the 17th century by the fire. f) Women should __________(respect). g) Three hundred houses __________(build) nex year in the coast of Spain. h) Smoking ________(not be allowed) in public places. i) All the necessary arrangements have already __________(make).
  17. 17. Pronunciation Around youmemorizepeopleheight importantregularpersonage unhealthyphysicaldentalweight nutritiousexercisehandlestressed nutritionalcoholstressfulstress x X xX xxX xX
  18. 18. Attention to Diversity: Fast-learners • The media. We are surrounded by sexist images. Have a look at these advertisements and say whether you think they are sexist or not and why. • Imagine that you have to carry out a marketing campaign aimed at promoting a non-sexist view of women. Choose an item typically associated with females (eg: clothes, make-up, perfumes, etc) and devise the advertisement. Try to use leaflets, pictures, etc.
  19. 19. Attention to Diversity: Fast-learners This is an add to sell boots This is an ad to sell a burger This is an add to sell clothes
  20. 20. Attention to Diversity: Fast-learners Read the following quotations by famous people. Discuss with your partner whether you agree or disagree with the views expressed. "Women are not forgiven for aging. Bob Redford's lines of distinction are my old-age wrinkles.“--- Jane Fonda “Women have a right to work wherever they want-- as long as they have dinner ready when you get home” --- John Wayne Try to gather some information about Jane Fonda and John Wayne and try to see their views in the light of their life, time, career, etc.
  21. 21. Attention to Diversity: Slow-learners In mixed groups (ie. Boys and girls) have a look at this cartoon. A boy and a girl are searching the net looking for different stuff. What kind of things is the boy looking for? And the girl? If you are a boy, are you interested in any of the things the girl is looking for? If you are a girl, are you interested in any of the things the boy is looking for?
  22. 22. Test: Reversing the roles Nowadays women have gained more ground in terms of equality. Women can vote, have access to the job market, are independent, etc. Some women, however, want to reverse the roles, that is to say, they want to behave like men used to behave in the past and sometimes do not accept certain things or gestures that they consider as “male chauvinistic”. With your partner, do this test.
  23. 23. Test: Reversing the roles Do you consider the following as polite or male chauninistic? a) A man opening the door of the car to a woman. Polite Male chauninistic b) A man paying for a woman´s meal Polite Male chauvinistic c) A man choosing the meal for a woman in a restaurant Polite Male chauvinistic d) A man offering his seat ito a woman n a bus or train Polite Male chauvinistic e) A man always making the final decision Polite Male chauvinistic f) A man carrying most of the shopping bags Polite Male chauvinistic
  24. 24. Speaking: What sex is your brain? Your school organizes a trip to visit the London Museum of Science. There you find a very interesting test. Why don´t you do it? Do you think like a male or female? Generally both sexes are similar to each other in the way they think but psicologists have proved there are some differences.
  25. 25. 1.A couple are in a restaurant, looking at the menu a)Who chooses something they’ve never eaten before? b)Who eats what they know they like? 2. A man and a woman are sitting next to one another on a seat with shared armrests a)Who has their elbows on both armrests? b)Who keeps their elbows in by their sides? 3. A man and a woman are shopping for new clothes a)Who looks around at the selection available first? b)Who asks the assistant for a particular style and colour straight away? 4. A man and a woman each select one from a box of chocolates a)Who takes a bite to see what is inside? b)Who eats the whole chocolate at once? Have you ever realised that men and women behave in a different way? Decide with your partner in each case of this quizz which person is probably a man, a woman or both? 5. A man and a woman both have several jobs to do in a fixed period of time a)Who does the jobs one by one, finishing one before beginning another? b)Who perfers to work on several different jobs at the same time? 6. A couple are driving home. They notice the car is getting rather low on petrol. a)Who wants to fill up at the next petrol station? b)Who wants to risk it and get straight home? 7. A man and a woman are in a shop selling a range of home appliances a)Who heads for the display of new products? b)Who looks at the familiar items? 8. Driving in a strange town, a couple realise they are lost. a)Who would stop and ask for directions? b)Who would keep driving until they found the way?
  26. 26. Reading: The gender gap Pre-reading. Work in small groups and discuss these questions. a) If you were a member of the opposite sex how would your life be different? b) To what extent does our society expect men and women to fulfil different roles? c) Do you think men and women think differently or perceive the world differently? While-reading. You are going to read an extract from a book that explores the differences between men and women. Work with a partner. Read the blurb from the book cover and answer the questions which follow.
  27. 27. Once upon a time Martians and Venusians met, fell in love, and had happy relationships together because they respected and accepted their differences. Then they came to Earth and amnesia set in: they forgot they were from different planets. Using this metaphor to illustrate the commonly occurring conflicts between men and women, Dr John Gray explains how these differences can come between the sexes and prohibit mutually fulfilling loving relationships. Based on years of successful counselling of couples and individuals, he gives advice on how to counteract these differences in communication styles, emotional needs, and modes of behaviour to promote a greater understanding between individual partners.
  28. 28. While-reading: a) Have you read the book? If you have, did you enjoy it? If you haven´t read it, have you heard of it? What kind of book is it? b) The book is based on the premise that men and women are very different. The author mentions 3 categories of differences: communication styles, emotional needs and modes of behaviour. What do you think these differences are? c) Which of the following do you think he associates with men and which with women? uniforms sports self-help books cars romance clothes gadgets and gizmos spirituality communication power shopping dieting
  29. 29. Group work You are going to read two extracts in which the author highlights the main differences between the two sexes. Student A reads about life on Mars Student B reads about life on Venus Use your notes to tell your partner about your extract and then discuss these questions: a) Are men and women really differenet? b) Do you identify with the description given of your sex?
  30. 30. Student A. LIFE ON MARS Make notes on the following: a) What Martians value b) How they experience fulfilment c) How their clothes reflect their value system d) What they are interested in e) What they take pride in f) What most annoys them Student B. LIFE ON VENUS Make notes on the following: a) What Venusians value b) How they experience fulfilment c) How their clothes reflect their value system d) What they are interested in e) What they take pride in f) What most annoys them
  31. 31. LIFE ON MARS. Martians value power, competency, efficiency and achievement. They are always doing things to prove themselves and develop their power and skills. Their sense of self is defined through their ability to achieve results. They experience fulfilment through success and accomplishment. Everything on Mars is a reflection of these values. Even their dress is designed to reflect their skills and competence. Police officers, soldiers, businessmen and scientists....all wear uniforms to reflect their competence and power. They don´t read magazines such as Self or People. They are more concerned with outdoor activities, like hunting, fishing and racing cars. They are interested in the news, weather and sports, and couldn´t care less about romance novels and self-help books. They are more interested in objects and things rather than people or feelings. Even today on Earth, while women fantasize about romance, men fantasize about cars, computers, gadgets, gizmos and new technology. Achieving goals is very important to a Martian because it is the way to prove his competence and thus feel good about himself. He must achieve these goals by himself. Martians pride themselves in doing things all by themselves. Autonomy is a symbol of power and competence. Men resist being corrected or told what to do. To offer a man unsolicited advice is to presume he doesn´t know what to do. This is very touchy for him. Martians keep their problems to themselves.
  32. 32. LIFE ON VENUS. Venusians value love, communication, beauty and relationships. They spend a lot of time supporting, helping, and nurturing one another. Their sense of self is defined through their feelings and the quality of their relationships. They experience fulfilment through sharing and realting. Everything on Venus reflect these values. Rather than building highways and tall buildings, the Venusians are more concerned with living in harmony, community, and loving co-operation. Relationships are more important than work and technology. They do not wear uniforms. On the contrary, they enjoy wearing a different outfit every day, according to how they are feeling. Personal expression, above all, feelings, is very important. They may evern change outfits several times a day as their mood changes. Communication is of primary importance. To share their personal feelings is more important than achieving success. Talking and relating to one another is a source of tremendous fulfilment. Women are relationhip oriented: they are concerned with expressing their goodness, love and caring. On Venus, everyone studies psychology and has at least a master´s degree in counseling. They are very involved in personal growth, spirituality and everything that can nurture life, healing and growth. Venusians are very intuitive. They pride themselves in being considerate of the needs and feelings of others. A sign of great love is to offer help and assistance to another Venusian without being asked.
  33. 33. Post-reading: Do these sentences refer to man (M) or woman (W)? a) M/W value power and achievement. b) The issue of competence is very important to M/W. c) M/W value love and communication. d) M/W experience fulfilment through sharing and relating. e) M/W feel satisfaction when they achieve a goal. f) M/W take pride in being considerate of the needs and feelings of others. g) M/W are always doing things to prove themselves and develop their power and skills.
  34. 34. Vocabulary Attitudes & Relationships: Read through the text below to check on some of the language we use to describe our feelings for other people—from adoring them to tolerating them to hating them. Mark and Megan can´t stand each other. They loathe each other, hate the sight of each other. Mark seems to envy Megan´s new car. All men have great respect for their mothers. They admire them, that is, they look up to them. Some men frighten their partners or wives. They have a violent attitude towards them. These women must keep out of their way. Women who are battered are petrified, terrified of their husbands. My grandparents are very close. They seem to enjoy each other´s company and get on very well together. They have a lot in common, same hobbies and interests. Some couples have a love-hate relationship. When they are together they argue all the time, but when they are apart, they miss each other terribly. She is very fond of her boyfriend, but he seems quite indifferent to her. I get the feeling that he´s only in love with himself. It´s difficult to get through to him. Men are bored stiff by going shopping all day. Men are fed up with spending hours in fitting rooms and they are sick to death of the spending habits of their wives. Women detest men who behave like pigs! We feel sorry for all those couples who are getting divorced.
  35. 35. Vocabulary Use some of the aforementioned expressions to describe the kinds of relationships you have with.... Your siblings Your father Your mother Your cousins Your grandfather Your grandmother Your neighbours Your friends Your classmates Your English teacher