History of Horticulture Sept 2010

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Brief presentation on the History of Horticulture from Aristotle to the Present

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History of Horticulture Sept 2010

  1. 1. History of Horticulture The Art and Science of Gardening<br />John Peter Thompson<br />& <br />USDA NAL <br />National Agricultural Library<br />September 28th, 2010 <br />
  2. 2. The Garden of Eden<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cole_Thomas_The_Garden_of_Eden_1828.jpg<br />
  3. 3. The Ancient Greeks<br />Aristotle<br />Theophrastos<br />http://agclark.myweb.uga.edu/images/temp/aristotle_school.jpg<br />
  4. 4. The Ancient Romans<br />Marcus PorciusCato. The Elder <br />Marcus Terentius Varro<br />PubliusVergiliusMaro<br />L. JuniusModeratusColumella<br />AeliusGalenus<br />Gaius PliniusSecundus<br />http://www.lifeinitaly.com/files/roman-garden-fountain.jpg<br />
  5. 5. The Hunt for a Cure<br />http://www.gardenvisit.com/assets/madge/bedes_world_herb_garden_911_jpg/600x/bedes_world_herb_garden_911_jpg_600x.jpg<br />
  6. 6. Truth in Pictures<br />Leonhart Fuchs, (FuchsiusLeonhardus) 1501-1566<br />Konrad Von Megenberg, 1309-1374  <br />
  7. 7. Leonhart Fuchs (17 January 1501 – 10 May 1566), <br />http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/40/Renaissance_C14_F%C3%BCllmaurer_Leonhart_Fuchs.jpg<br />
  8. 8. Europe’s Search for New Plants<br />
  9. 9. Elizabeth Blackwell (1707–1758) <br />
  10. 10. A Near Thing – Gardens in Paradise<br />Boston<br />Jamestown<br />
  11. 11. American Degeneracy<br />Carl Nilsson Linnæus, Carl von Linné<br />(23 May 1707 - 10 January 1778<br />Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon<br />(7 September 1707 – 16 April 1788)<br />
  12. 12. Birth of American Horticulture<br />William <br />Prince<br />Nurseryman<br />New York<br />Oenotheragrandiflora<br />Found in Alabama <br />by William Bartram <br />in 1775 <br />
  13. 13. Birth of American Horticulture<br />Charles Willson Peale <br />
  14. 14. Colonial Gardens; European Reflections<br />http://ncmuseumofhistory.org/exhibits/healthandhealing/elements/media/topic-media/HerbGarden.jpg<br />
  15. 15. Bartrams, Nurseries & Gardens<br />http://casacara.files.wordpress.com/2009/03/phila310.jpg?w=500&h=375<br />
  16. 16. Andrew Jackson Downing (1815-1852)<br />http://www.livingplaces.com/people/li/Joseph_Walker_Cottage_2.jpg<br />
  17. 17. Frederick Law Olmsted (April 26, 1822 – August 28, 1903)<br />http://www.gardenvisit.com/assets/madge/biltmore_shrub_garden/600x/biltmore_shrub_garden_600x.jpg<br />
  18. 18. The Great Divide –Shifting Disciplines<br />
  19. 19. The Gilded Age of Gardening<br />
  20. 20. Plants from ‘round the world<br />Hosta Thomas Hogg<br />Stewartiapseudocamellia<br />
  21. 21. Isaac Sprague (September 5, 1811 - 1895)<br />
  22. 22. William Edwards (March 15, 1822 – April 4, 1909)<br />
  23. 23. Plants from ‘round the world with a twist<br />http://njaes.rutgers.edu/images/photos/weeds/large/kudzu-flower-full.jpg<br />http://www.wisteriaseed.com/images/wisteria%20flower%20Pod.jpg<br />
  24. 24. Fairchild & USDA<br />Photo: Greenhouses, Department of Agriculture Building. National Archives and Records Administrati<br />http://www.fairchildgarden.org/uploads/images/About_Fairchild/History/david01a.jpg<br />
  25. 25. Early 20th Century<br />http://home-and-gardening.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/dumbarton-oaks.jpg<br />http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_N7dFOZ91fkM/S6uc_Gu9MKI/AAAAAAAABro/Aix3sJHUeu4/s400/Beatrix+Farrand+garden.jpg<br />
  26. 26. Community to Individual<br />http://www.anythingaboutcars.com/images/1886_Daimler_Automobile.jpg<br />
  27. 27. Glenn Dale and the National Arboretum<br />http://www.usna.usda.gov/News/Morrison%20Garden%20Azalea%20Co_9.jpg<br />http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/ejournals/JARS/v22n2/Fig14.jpg<br />
  28. 28. The American Garden 2010<br />http://www.designpov.com/images/ModernLandscape.jpg<br />http://cdn4.mattters.com/photos/photos/1415885/forasstudio.jpg<br />
  29. 29. Support Conservation of Our Agricultural Heritage Materials Identified for Conservation Treatment<br /><ul><li>Early American Nursery and Seed Trade Catalogs
  30. 30. Early USDA Plant Exploration
  31. 31. Pomona italiana, ossia trattato degli alberi fruttiferi.by Giorgio Gallesio. 1772-1839.
  32. 32. George Cooke Diary (1791-1849) was an antebellum planter in Anne Arundel County, Maryland</li>

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