Ag b in india

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Ag b in india

  1. 1. Agricultural Biotechnology in India
  2. 2. “ Transgenics” or GMOs are defined as those organisms with a gene or genetic construct of interest that has been introduced by molecular or recombinant DNA techniques
  3. 3. Transgenics <ul><li>The power of this technique lies in its ability to move genes from one organism to crop plants to impart novel characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>It is possible to transfer genetic material from algae, bacteria, viruses or animals to plants or to move genes between sexually incompatible species </li></ul>
  4. 5. Gene gun
  5. 6. Transformation by Gene gun
  6. 7. Application of GM technology <ul><li>Improving yield </li></ul><ul><li>Nutritional improvement </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing shelf life of fruits and vegetables by delayed ripening </li></ul><ul><li>Conferring resistance to insects, pests and viruses </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerance to abiotic stresses (drought, salt, water-logging) </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicide tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Edible vaccines </li></ul>
  7. 9. Control Flavor Saver
  8. 12. GM crops : Global status (2005) <ul><li>Developing countries : 11 </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial countries : 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Countries joining the GM club in 2005 (Iran, Portugal, France & Czech Republic ) </li></ul><ul><li>No. of EU countries growing GM (2005) : 3 to 5 ( Spain & Germany ) </li></ul><ul><li>No. of farmers growing GM crops globally : 8.5 million </li></ul><ul><li>No. of Indian farmers growing GM crops : 1 million </li></ul><ul><li>First triple gene product (maize) released in US in 2005 </li></ul>
  9. 13. Global area of Biotech crops in 2005 (Million hectares) Cotton 0.3 (< 1%) Australia 10. Maize, Soybean 0.3 (< 1%) Uruguay 9. Maize, Cotton, Soybean 0.5 (1%) South Africa 8. Cotton 1.3 (1%) India 7. Soybean 1.8 (2%) Paraguay 6. Cotton 3.3 (4%) China 5. Canola, Maize, Soybean 5.8 (6%) Canada 4. Soybean 9.4 (10%) Brazil 3. Soybean, Maize, Cotton 17.1 (19%) Argentina 2. Soybean, Maize, Cotton, Canola, Squash, Papaya 49.8 (55%) USA 1. Crops Area Country S. No.
  10. 14. Global area of Biotech crops in 2005 (Million hectares) Maize < 0.1 Czech Republic 21. Maize < 0.1 France 20. Maize < 0.1 Germany 19. Maize < 0.1 Portugal 18. Maize < 0.1 Honduras 17. Rice < 0.1 Iran 16. Cotton < 0.1 Colombia 15. Maize 0.1 (< 1%) Spain 14. Maize 0.1 (< 1%) Philippines 13. Soybean 0.1 (< 1%) Romania 12. Soybean, Cotton 0.1 (< 1%) Mexico 11. Crops Area Country S. No.
  11. 17. Dominant Biotech Crops, 2005 100% 90.0 Total 2 1.3 Herbicide tolerant cotton 8 4 3.4 Herbicide tolerant maize 7 4 3.6 Bt/herbicide tolerant cotton 6 5 4.6 Herbicide tolerant Canola 5 5 4.9 Bt cotton 4 7 6.5 Bt/herbicide tolerant maize 3 13 11.3 Bt maize 2 60 54.4 Herbicide tolerant soybean 1 %Biotech MHa Crop S. No.
  12. 19. Global value of Biotech crop market 29321 Total 5248 2005 4663 2004 4152 2003 3656 2002 3235 2001 2734 2000 2703 1999 1973 1998 842 1997 115 1996 Value (Million $US) Year
  13. 20. VEGETABLES Tomato, Potato, Eggplant Lettuce, Celery, Cauliflower Cabbage, Sugarbeet, Carrot, Cucumbers, Sweetpotato, Cassava FRUITS Apple, Strawberry, Walnut, Muskmelon, Papaya, Grape Transgenic Crops for Food EDIBLE OILS Mustard Oilseed rape Canola Sunflower CEREALS Wheat, Rice Maize, Rye LEGUMES Soybean, Pigeon pea, Chick pea
  14. 21. <ul><li>Ministry of Science and Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Biotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Science And Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Agricultural Research and Education </li></ul><ul><li>(Indian Council of Agricultural Research and Education) </li></ul>Agencies of Public sector promoting Agricultural Biotechnology
  15. 22. Biotech Industry in India (2004-05) BioPharma corners three-fourth of Indian market ($811 million out of $1070 million) 36.55 100.00 100.00 1078.41 789.77 Total Industry Size 29.72 54.55 153.85 34.45 25.00 75.24 8.96 6.95 6.74 2.11 79.19 7.91 3.74 6.85 2.30 811.36 96.59 75.00 72.73 22.73 625.45 62.50 29.55 54.09 18.18 BioPharma BioServices BioAgri BioIndustrial Bioinformatics 2004-05 2003-04 2004-05 2003-04 Growth (%) Market Share (%) Revenues ($ million) Segment
  16. 23. Transgenic research in India (Public Sector) <ul><li>AAU, Jorhat, Assam </li></ul><ul><li>Bose Institute, Kolkata </li></ul><ul><li>Central Institute for Cotton Research, Nagpur </li></ul><ul><li>Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla </li></ul><ul><li>Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry </li></ul><ul><li>Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad </li></ul><ul><li>Central Rice Research Institute, Cuttack </li></ul><ul><li>Delhi University, South Campus, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad </li></ul><ul><li>IARI, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>IARI sub-station, Shillong </li></ul>
  17. 24. Transgenic research in India (Public Sector) <ul><li>International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>International Crop Research Institute for Semi-arid Tropics, Hyderabad </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Institute of Horticulture Research, Bangalore </li></ul><ul><li>Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>Madurai Kamraj University, Madurai </li></ul><ul><li>Narendra Dev University of Agriculture, Faizabad </li></ul><ul><li>National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow </li></ul><ul><li>Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore </li></ul><ul><li>TERI, New Delhi </li></ul><ul><li>University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore </li></ul>
  18. 25. Transgenic research in India (Pvt. Sector) <ul><li>Ankur Seeds Limited, Nagpur </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid Rice International, Gurgaon </li></ul><ul><li>Indo American Hybrid Seeds, Bangalore </li></ul><ul><li>M/s MAHYCO, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>Metahelix Life Sciences, Bangalore </li></ul><ul><li>MAHYCO Research Foundation, Hyderabad </li></ul><ul><li>Monsanto, Mumbai </li></ul><ul><li>M/s Proagro PGS (India) Ltd., Gurgaon </li></ul><ul><li>Syngenta India, Limited, Pune </li></ul><ul><li>Sungro Seeds Ltd, New Delhi </li></ul>
  19. 26. <ul><li>Cereals Rice, Wheat, Maize </li></ul><ul><li>Grain legumes Chickpea, Mungbean, Black gram, Pigeonpea </li></ul><ul><li>Oilseeds Mustard, Ground nut </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables Brinjal, Tomato, Potato, Chilli, Cabbage, Cauliflower </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits Papaya, Banana, Muskmelon </li></ul><ul><li>Medicinal plants Brahmi </li></ul><ul><li>Others Cotton, Coffee, Tobacco </li></ul>Target crops for transgenic research in India
  20. 27. Target traits <ul><li>Disease resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Improving the quantity of the protein </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing vitamin content </li></ul><ul><li>Stress tolerance </li></ul><ul><li>Herbicide resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Delayed ripening </li></ul><ul><li>Edible vaccine </li></ul>
  21. 28. Transgenic crops approved for field trials in 2005 <ul><li>Brinjal </li></ul><ul><li>Mahyco, Mumbai cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Sungro Seeds Ltd, New Delhi cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>IARI, New Delhi cry1F </li></ul><ul><li>Cabbage </li></ul><ul><li>Sungro Seeds Ltd, New Delhi cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Cauliflower </li></ul><ul><li>Sungro Seeds Ltd, New Delhi cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Corn </li></ul><ul><li>Monsanto, Mumbai Cry1Ab </li></ul><ul><li>Metahelix Life Sciences, Bangalore Modified Mu-element (Turbo-Mu) </li></ul>
  22. 29. Transgenic crops approved for field trials in 2005 <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Ajeet Seeds, Aurangabad cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Ankur Seeds P.Ltd., Nagpur cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>M/s Bioseed Research India Pvt Ltd, Hyd cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>M/s Emergent Genetics India P. Ltd, Hyd cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Ganga Kaveri Seeds Ltd, Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Green Gold Seeds Ltd, Aurangabad GFM cry1Aa </li></ul><ul><li>JK Agri Genetics, Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>M/s Kaveri Seeds Co. P. Ltd, S’bad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Krishidhan Seeds, Jalna cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Mahyco, Mumbai cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Metahelix Life Sciences, Bangalore cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Nandi Seeds Pvt. Ltd Mehbubnagar cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Namdhari Seeds Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore cry1Ac </li></ul>
  23. 30. Transgenic crops approved for field trials in 2005 <ul><li>Cotton </li></ul><ul><li>Nath Seeds, Aurangabad GFM cry1Aa </li></ul><ul><li>Nuziveedu Seeds, Hyderabad cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Prabhat Agri Biotech Ltd. Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Pravardhan Seeds Pvt. Ltd Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Proagro Seeds Co. Ltd Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Rasi Seeds Ltd., Attur cryX </li></ul><ul><li>Syngenta India Ltd., Pune Vip-3A </li></ul><ul><li>Tulsi Seeds, Guntur cry1Ac, cryX </li></ul><ul><li>UAS, Dharwad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Vibha Agrotech Ltd. Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Vikki’s Agrotech, Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Vikram Seeds Ltd, Ahmedabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Zuari Seeds Ltd. Bangalore GFM cry1Aa </li></ul>
  24. 31. Transgenic crops approved for field trials in 2005 <ul><li>Groundnut </li></ul><ul><li>ICRISAT, Hyderabad Coat protein of IPCV, Nucleo Capsid Protein of PBNV </li></ul><ul><li>Mustard </li></ul><ul><li>UDSC, New Delhi barnase & barstar </li></ul><ul><li>Okra </li></ul><ul><li>Mahyco, Mumbai cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Pigeonpea </li></ul><ul><li>ICRISAT, Hyderabad cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>IARI, New Delhi cry1Ac, cry1Aa + cry1B </li></ul><ul><li>Mahyco, Mumbai cry1Ac </li></ul><ul><li>Metahelix Life Sciences, Bangalore NHX gene </li></ul><ul><li>Tomato </li></ul><ul><li>IARI, New Delhi anti-sense replicase gene of tomato leaf curl virus </li></ul><ul><li>Mahyco, Mumbai cry1Ac </li></ul>
  25. 32. Bt cotton in India 13,00,000 2005 5,00,000 2004 100,000 2003 50,000 2002 Area under cultivation (ha) Year
  26. 33. Bt cotton producing states in India <ul><li>State Area (M ha) </li></ul><ul><li>Maharashtra 0.607 </li></ul><ul><li>Andhra Pradesh 0.283 </li></ul><ul><li>Gujarat 0.164 </li></ul><ul><li>Madhya Pradesh 0.148 </li></ul><ul><li>Karnataka 0.040 </li></ul><ul><li>Tamil Nadu 0.029 </li></ul><ul><li>Northern states 0.064 </li></ul><ul><li>Total 1.335 </li></ul>
  27. 34. Bt cotton varieties approved for commercial cultivation in various zones Source : MoEF North M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH – 317 Bt 10 North M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH – 134 Bt 9 South M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH – 368 Bt 8 South M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH – 20 Bt 7 Central M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH - 138 Bt 6 Central M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH –118 Bt 5 Central M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH –144 Bt 4 Central & South M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd RCH 2 Bt 3 Central & South M/s Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd. NCS – 145 Bunny 2 Central & South M/s Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd. NCS – 207 Mallika 1 Zone Name of Company Name of Hybrid S. No
  28. 35. Bt cotton varieties approved for commercial cultivation in various zones Central zone : MP, Maharashtra & Gujarat * not renewed for AP South Zone : AP, Karnataka & Tamil Nadu North Zone : Punjab, Rajasthan & Haryana Central & South (renewed) M/s Mahyco MECH 184 Bt * 20 Central & South (renewed) M/s Mahyco MECH 162 Bt * 19 Central (renewed) M/s Mahyco MECH 12 Bt* 18 Central M/s Ankur Seeds Ltd Ankur – 09 17 North M/s Ankur Seeds Ltd Ankur 2534 Bt 16 Central & North M/s Ankur Seeds Ltd Ankur – 651 Bt 15 North M/s Mahyco MRC – 6304 Bt 14 Central & North M/s Mahyco MRC – 6301 Bt 13 South M/s Mahyco MRC – 6918 Bt 12 South M/s Mahyco MRC – 6322 Bt 11 Zone Name of Company Name of Hybrid S. No
  29. 36. Bt cotton varieties approved for large-scale trials during Kharif 2005 <ul><li>Central Zone </li></ul><ul><li>VCH-111 Bt : M/s Vikki Agrotech Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>GK- 204 Bt and GK- 205 Bt : M/s Ganga Kaveri Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>PRCH-102 Bt : M/s. Paravardhan Seeds Pvt. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>NPH-2171 : M/s Prabhat Agri Biotech Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>RCH 377 Bt and RCH – 386 Bt : M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>ACH-155-1 : M/s Ajeet Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Tulasi 4 Bt & Tulasi –117 Bt : M/s Tulasi Seeds Pvt. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma Bt : M/s Emergent Genetics India Pvt. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>NCS 913 Bt : M/s. Nuziveedu Seed Ltd </li></ul>
  30. 37. Bt cotton varieties approved for large-scale trials during Kharif 2005 <ul><li>Central Zone </li></ul><ul><li>KDCHH - 9810 Bt, KDCHH-621 BG - II, KDCHH-441 BG- II : M/s Krishidhan seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>RCH 515 BGII : M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>MRC- 7301 BG II, MRC-7326 BG II, MRC-7351 BG II, MRC-7341 BG II and MRC-7347 BG II : M/s Mahyco, </li></ul><ul><li>JK-Varun and JKCH 99 Bt : M/s J.K. Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>NCEH-2R Bt : M/s. Nath Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>02- 41 Vip : M/s Syngenta Seeds India Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>ACH –11-2 BG-II and ACH –155-2 BG –II : M/s Ajeet Seeds Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>VICH 5 and VICH 9 : M/s Vikram Seeds </li></ul>
  31. 38. Bt cotton varieties approved for large-scale trials during Kharif 2005 <ul><li>South Zone </li></ul><ul><li>GK-207 Bt and GK-209 Bt : M/s Ganga Kaveri Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>NPH-2270 Bt and NPH-2171 Bt : M/s Prabhat Agri Biotech Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>PRCH-102 Bt and PRCH-103 Bt : M/s Paravardhan Seeds Pvt. Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>KDCHH-9632 Bt and KDCHH-9810 Bt : M/s Krishidhan Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>RCHB-708 Bt, RCHB-111 Bt and RCHB-371 Bt : M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>NCS-913 Bt : M/s Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Brahma Bt and Paras Laxmi : M/s Emergent Genetics India Pvt. Ltd </li></ul>
  32. 39. Bt varieties approved for large-scale trials during Kharif 2005 <ul><li>South Zone </li></ul><ul><li>MRC-7160 BG-II, MRC-7201 BG-II, MRC-7351 BG-II & MRC-7347 BG-II : M/s Mahyco </li></ul><ul><li>RCH-530 BG-II & RCH-533 BG-II : M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>KDCHH-621 BG-II : M/s Krishidhan Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>J.K. Durga Bt & JKCH-99 Bt : M/s J.K. Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>NCEH-3R Bt : M/s Nath Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>Bunny Vip (02-41 Vip) & 02-42 Vip : M/s Syngenta Seeds Ltd </li></ul><ul><li>VICH 5 & VICH 9 : M/s Vikram Seeds </li></ul>
  33. 40. Bt varieties approved for large-scale trials during Kharif 2005 <ul><li>North Zone </li></ul><ul><li>VICH 9 : M/s Vikram Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>MRC 6025 BG-I, MRC 6029 BG-I : M/s Mahyco </li></ul><ul><li>RCH 314 Bt & RCH 308 Bt : M/s Rasi Seeds Ltd . </li></ul><ul><li>NCS 138 Bt and NCS 913 Bt : M/s Nuziveedu Seeds Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>MRC 7017 BG-II and MRC 7031 BG-II : M/s Mahyco </li></ul><ul><li>JHCH 1947 Bt : M/s J.K Agri Seeds Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>NECH 6 R Bt : M/s Nath Seeds Ltd. </li></ul><ul><li>02-58 vip-3 : M/s Syngenta Seeds India Ltd. </li></ul>
  34. 43. Golden Rice Daffodils Erwinia bacteria Genes Plasmids Agrobacteria Kernel Hull Embryo Provitamin A producing rice embryo 1 2 3 4 Locally important varieties
  35. 47. ß-carotene rich Mustard oil
  36. 48. THANK YOU

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