Cardiac arrest


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Its an introduction about cardiac arrest

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Cardiac arrest

  1. 1. Dr. Husni Ajaj. FRCA,DA,MBBcH Advanced Cardiac Life Support
  2. 4. CardioPulmonary Resuscitation <ul><li>50% of all deaths are due to cardiovascular disease. </li></ul><ul><li>60-70% of these deaths occur before the victim makes it to a hospital . </li></ul><ul><li>Women die of cardiovascular disease 11 times more often than breast cancer. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of cardiac arrest deaths in infants begin as respiratory arrest (choking). </li></ul><ul><li>This means…   </li></ul><ul><li>Cardiovascular disease is the #1 killer on the planet! </li></ul>
  3. 5. We make it fast, fun, and affordable! <ul><li>Learning CPR allows you to intervene and potentially save the life of a friend, family member, or co-worker. </li></ul><ul><li>You can stop sudden death caused by Heart Attack, Stroke, or Choking… </li></ul><ul><li>Learn CPR Today. </li></ul><ul><li>It leads the safety training medicine with a variety of practical, affordable, and entertaining ways to learn CPR: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
  4. 6. The program <ul><li>Introduction to Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation – Adult, Child, & Infant </li></ul><ul><li>Anatomy and Physiology - The heart, lungs, circulatory system, and gas exchange sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Heart Health - Risk factors for cardiovascular / cerebrovascular disease. </li></ul><ul><li>Signs & Symptoms - Heart attack, stroke, choking. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Explanation of Heimlich Maneuver - Conscious choking victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Explanation of Abdominal Thrusts - Unconscious choking victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Explanation of CPR - Adult victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Explanation of CPR - Child victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstration and Explanation of CPR and Choking Response - Infant victim. </li></ul><ul><li>Audio-Visual Presentation </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) - OSHA approved barrier devices. </li></ul><ul><li>Question / Answer Session </li></ul><ul><li>Skills Practice - Students perform CPR methods on sanitized mannequins. </li></ul>
  5. 7. <ul><li>Major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide </li></ul><ul><li>- leading cause of death in coronary care unite </li></ul><ul><li>_first cause of death in USA </li></ul><ul><li>More than 1000000 cases annually in USA </li></ul><ul><li>Angus DC et al . JAMA 2004 238-278 </li></ul>Cardiovascular Diseases
  6. 18. E lapsed time from patient collapse until the first defibrillation shock is delivere
  7. 19. DETERMINANTS OF CARDIAC ARREST SURVIVAL <ul><li>T ime </li></ul><ul><li>Place </li></ul><ul><li>witnessed cardiac arrest </li></ul><ul><li>Early D-C </li></ul><ul><li>dyspnea as the presenting complaint </li></ul><ul><li>malignancy or sepsis as the underlying cause of cardiac arrest </li></ul><ul><li>coexistence of pneumonia </li></ul><ul><li>presence of hypotension prior to cardiac arrest </li></ul><ul><li>homebound lifestyle </li></ul>
  8. 20. 4 links in the chain of survival <ul><li>early access, </li></ul><ul><li>early basic life support (BLS), </li></ul><ul><li>early defibrillation, </li></ul><ul><li>early advanced cardiac life support (ACLS). </li></ul>