Photos (1) retrieved from http://ph.news.yahoo.com/photos/typhoon-sendong-aftermath-1324268907-slideshow/
Photos (2) Retri...
10th Biennial Conference of
Asian Association of
Social Psychology
Yogyakarta, Indonesia
August 21-24, 2013
by: Dr. Alma G...
INDIVIDUALISM
Hofstede (1980) – focus on rights above duties, concern
for oneself and immediate family
Waterman (1984) – f...
Self Determination Theory (SDT) – seek challenges and strive for
excellence (Dece, 2002)
Theories On Collectivism
Social I...
Oyserman (2a002) – groups bind and mutually obligate
individuals
Schwartz (1990) – characterized by diffuse and mutual
obl...
Functional Approach ( Gil and Synyder) – people are
purposeful, planful and goal-directed.
Theory of Altruism ( Bar-Tal, K...
Social Impact Theory ( Latane et al.)- states that the
likelihood that a person will respond to social
influence will incr...
2. To what extent are the Sendong Volunteers motivated to function as
volunteers?
a.Values function d. Career function
b.U...
3. Is there a significance difference in the level of Individualism and
Collectivism among the Medical, Psychosocial and R...
SENDONG
VOLUNTEERS
Relief-volunteers
Medical volunteers
Psychosocial
volunteers
Personal
Orientation
Value
Motivational
Fu...
Individualism Medical Psychosocial Relief
Uniqueness Low HIGH Low
Self- Reliance HIGH Low HIGH
Competition HIGH Low Low
Ac...
Collectivism Medical Psychosocial Relief
Harmony HIGH HIGH Low
Relatedness Low Low HIGH
In- Group
Preference
Low Low Low
R...
Functions Medical Team Psychosocial Relief
Career Somewhat Important Important Somewhat
Important
Social VERY IMPORTANT VE...
1. Since findings suggest that Individualistic orientations are good
predictors for volunteering in the future, this study...
2. Collectivism has been found to be an important aspect of
effective volunteers. This study suggests that institutions an...
Since it was found out that values is a very important
motivator but was given less importance by the
volunteers, it is re...
The protective function is one of those motivations which is
not very much explored. This study suggest to include
debrief...
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Sendong Volunteers: Their Personal Orientation And Motivational Functions

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Sendong Volunteers: Their Personal Orientation And Motivational Functions

  1. 1. Photos (1) retrieved from http://ph.news.yahoo.com/photos/typhoon-sendong-aftermath-1324268907-slideshow/ Photos (2) Retrieved from http://www.annalyn.net/2011/12/18/storm-sendong-aftermath-photos/ Photos (3) Retrieved from http://rdrrac.wordpress.com/2011/12/21/35-braved-to-volunteer/ Photos (4) Retrieved from http://www.bountyfreshchicken.com/bounty-fresh-and-chooks-to-go-in-operation-sendong-2/ Photos (5) Retrieved from http://www.msuiit.edu.ph/news/news-detail.php?id=318 Photos (6) Retrieved from http://www.goodshepherdsisters.org.ph/news/sendong-update
  2. 2. 10th Biennial Conference of Asian Association of Social Psychology Yogyakarta, Indonesia August 21-24, 2013 by: Dr. Alma G. Maranda Ms. Karen J. Saladaga Department of Psychology, CASS MSU-IIT, Iligan City, Philippines
  3. 3. INDIVIDUALISM Hofstede (1980) – focus on rights above duties, concern for oneself and immediate family Waterman (1984) – focus on personal responsibility and freedom of choice Schwartz (1990) – consist of narrow primary groups with specific obligations
  4. 4. Self Determination Theory (SDT) – seek challenges and strive for excellence (Dece, 2002) Theories On Collectivism Social Identity ( Hogg and Abrams) - a person’s knowledge that he or she belongs to a social category or group” Identity Theory ( Burke and Tully) - categorization of the self as an occupant of a role, and the incorporation into the self, and the meanings and expectations associated with that role and its performance Role Identity – carrying out behavior to perform the expectations
  5. 5. Oyserman (2a002) – groups bind and mutually obligate individuals Schwartz (1990) – characterized by diffuse and mutual obligations and expectations based on ascribed statuses Triandis (1995) – oriented towards in – groups and away from the out-groups
  6. 6. Functional Approach ( Gil and Synyder) – people are purposeful, planful and goal-directed. Theory of Altruism ( Bar-Tal, Karylowski) – altruistic behavior must benefit another person, must be performed voluntarily, must be performed intentionally. Escape Theory ( Baumeister) - individuals indulge in activities that may help them got away from their lives or characters with which they are not happy.
  7. 7. Social Impact Theory ( Latane et al.)- states that the likelihood that a person will respond to social influence will increase with Situated Learning Theory ( Lave and Wenger)- learning is embedded within the activity, context and culture Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - people need to engage themselves to gain recognition and have an activity that give the person a sense of contribution
  8. 8. 2. To what extent are the Sendong Volunteers motivated to function as volunteers? a.Values function d. Career function b.Understanding function e. Social function c.Enhancement function f. Protective Function 1. What is the level of individualism and collectivism experienced by the Medical, Psychosocial and the Relief Volunteers in terms of : a. Horizontal b. vertical
  9. 9. 3. Is there a significance difference in the level of Individualism and Collectivism among the Medical, Psychosocial and Relief volunteers? 4. Is there a significant difference in the motivational function of the Medical, Psychosocial, and the Relief Volunteers? 5. Is there a significant interaction in the personal orientation and motivation functions of the Medical, Psychosocial and the Belief Volunteer?
  10. 10. SENDONG VOLUNTEERS Relief-volunteers Medical volunteers Psychosocial volunteers Personal Orientation Value Motivational Functions Career Social Understanding Enhancement Protective Individualism Collectivism Horizontal Vertical Uniqueness Self-Reliance Competition Achievement Harmony Relatedness In-group Preferences Role Emphasis Vertical Horizontal
  11. 11. Individualism Medical Psychosocial Relief Uniqueness Low HIGH Low Self- Reliance HIGH Low HIGH Competition HIGH Low Low Achievement Low HIGH HIGH Personal Orientation
  12. 12. Collectivism Medical Psychosocial Relief Harmony HIGH HIGH Low Relatedness Low Low HIGH In- Group Preference Low Low Low Role Emphasis HIGH HIGH HIGH
  13. 13. Functions Medical Team Psychosocial Relief Career Somewhat Important Important Somewhat Important Social VERY IMPORTANT VERY IMPORTANT Important Values Less Important Important VERY IMPORTANT Understanding Somewhat Important Somewhat Important VERY IMPORTANT Enhancing Important Important Important Protective Somewhat Important VERY IMPORTANT Less Important
  14. 14. 1. Since findings suggest that Individualistic orientations are good predictors for volunteering in the future, this study recommends that although volunteering implies free service, there should be some kind of incentives for the volunteers such as proper recognition For Horizontal Individualists – Self – reliance is as much needed source for those who want to volunteer since volunteerism requires a great amount of resolve and effort. For Vertical Collectivists – achievement is a greater motivator for most people, institutions, and organizations that foster volunteerism should be able to utilize rewards
  15. 15. 2. Collectivism has been found to be an important aspect of effective volunteers. This study suggests that institutions and organizations as well as government units that ADVOCATE VOLUNTEERISM should conduct trainings that could enhance these collective tendencies 3. Motivational Functions This study found out that social pressures are important motivation for volunteers. This study suggests that a call for volunteerism through seminars and trainings are needed to foster a life long commitment to service and build awareness of civic responsibility.
  16. 16. Since it was found out that values is a very important motivator but was given less importance by the volunteers, it is recommended that volunteering organizations conduct seminars and trainings about the native of volunteerism and how it is beneficial to humanity. Although understanding function is regarded as only somewhat important it is regarded as second most important motivator across literatures about volunteer motivation. Volunteering organizations should also help out those who are interested in volunteering by spreading information on how to volunteer
  17. 17. The protective function is one of those motivations which is not very much explored. This study suggest to include debriefing seminar towards volunteer every after they finish a mission. This is to evaluate whether volunteering has indeed helped them or how it is worsened whatever negative feelings they have. Prepared by: Rufino Rego G. Sanchez BS Psychology IV MSU-IIT, Iligan City Philippines Thank You Very Much!

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