Bipolar disorder


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Bipolar disorder

  1. 1. Bipolar Disorder<br />Mary Lou Guenther<br />
  2. 2. The Mood Swings<br />Bipolar disorder is characterized by episodes of depression and mania<br />Usually, victims experience much more of the depression rather than manic highs<br />Over 8 million Americans are affected by this mental illness<br />
  3. 3. Mania<br />State of elevated or irritable mood <br />Literally translated to “madness, frenzy”<br />Two different sides: hypomania and full blown mania which can involve hallucinations and delusions<br />
  4. 4. Characteristics of Mania<br />Rapid speech<br />Racing thoughts<br />Decreased need for sleep<br />Euphoria <br />Impulsiveness<br />Hypersexuality<br />Racing thoughts<br />
  5. 5. Characteristics Cont…<br />Restlessness<br />Distractibility<br />Tendency to make grand and unattainable plans<br />Poor judgment<br />Reckless behaviors (alcohol, drugs, spending sprees, etc.)<br />
  6. 6. Euphoria<br />Medically recognized as a mental or emotional state of well being<br />Euphoria is an affect; It is exaggerated and not usually achieved during the normal course of human experience<br />
  7. 7. Risks<br />When in a manic episode people will take risks which are uncharacteristic and rash:<br />-- running up credit card debt<br />-- gambling<br />-- casual sex with strangers<br />-- talking too much to strangers <br />-- impulsive life-altering decisions<br />
  8. 8. Characteristics of Depression<br />Extremely sad<br />Hopeless<br />Thoughts of suicide<br />Loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyable<br />Restless or irritable<br />Change in eating, sleeping, or other habits<br />
  9. 9. Characteristics cont…<br />Alterations in sleep patterns<br />Feeling worried or empty<br />Feeling tired<br />Have problems concentrating, remembering, and making decisions<br />
  10. 10. Thoughts of suicide<br />Life is not worth living<br />Making plans – giving away valuables, saying goodbye<br />“If you are actively suicidal, in crisis, call 911 immediately. Your life is worth saving and you are here for a reason. You are a precious, wonderful, and beautiful human being. It is ok that you may not know that now. It is none the less true.” – Mental Health Today<br />
  11. 11. Worthlessness<br />Feelings of self loathing and unimportance<br />Leads to suicidal thoughts and excessively low self esteem<br />
  12. 12. Facts about Bipolar Disorder<br />Effects 1-3% of the population<br />If untreated, the suicide rate is at 20%<br />In every generation since WWII there has been a higher incidence and earlier onset of bipolar depression<br />Men, women, and all ethnicities are equally likely to get bipolar disorder<br />
  13. 13. Famous People with Bipolar Disorder<br />Jim Carrey<br />Robert Downey Jr.<br />Ben Stiller<br />Robin Williams<br />Beethoven<br />Van Gogh<br />Tim Burton<br />JimiHenrix<br />
  14. 14. Famous People cont..<br />Sylvia Plath<br />Winston Churchill<br />Theodore Roosevelt<br />Edgar Allen Poe<br />Mark Twain<br />Abraham Lincoln<br />
  15. 15. Results<br />Thoughts of death, suicide<br />Unwanted consequences for rash decisions<br />Substance abuse<br />Higher risks for heart disease, migraines, obesity, and anxiety disorders<br />
  16. 16. Treatment<br />Psychotherapy, aka talk therapy<br />Talk therapy: <br /> - can help you learn about why you have the disorder<br /> - Identify triggers<br /> - Set goals<br />
  17. 17. Treatment cont…<br />Medications are given specifically given to each patient<br />Usually anti-depressants<br />Paired with therapy, medications can prevent negative side effects of bipolar disorder<br />
  18. 18. Lifestyle Changes<br />Get regular sleep<br />Eat regular meals<br />Exercise regularly<br />Stay with your treatment<br />
  19. 19. Light at the end of the tunnel<br />
  20. 20.<br /><br /><br />