Th9 slides shapiro et al


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Th9 slides shapiro et al

  1. 1. Regional Development in South Korea<br />Accounting for Research Area in <br />Centrality and Networks<br />Matthew A. Shapiro<br />Min-Ho So<br />Young-Long Kim<br />Han Woo Park<br />
  2. 2. Research questions<br />How does Seoul continue to dominate?<br />The Seoul “macrocluster”<br />Kim (2010); Sohn and Kenney (2007)<br />Are other regions buregeoning leaders?<br />Key variables<br />Networks between regional innovation systems<br />Regional innovation fosters innovation through UIG relations<br />Policies<br />Focus on particular research areas<br />Emphasis on equalization across regions<br />
  3. 3. Research questions (cont.)<br />Dependent variable<br />Centrality of research networks<br />Convergence <br />Variant of Hirshman (1958)<br />R&D without centralization  the possibility remains for catch-up through collaboration <br />Countering Surowiecki(2005)<br />
  4. 4. Hypotheses<br />1) Networks and specialization are a positive function of time<br />Geographies may share expertise based on industrial focus<br />Increased specialization could lead to more networks with other regions<br />2) Networks are concentrated around single rather than multiple regions<br />3) The equalization policy has led to convergence in degree centrality across geographic areas<br />
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  6. 6. Data<br />Longitudinal: 1981-2009<br />16 geographic areas<br />Seoul, 6 additional cities, 9 provinces<br />20 ISI subject categories<br />Journal article data<br />Science Citation Index (SCI) database Web of Science<br />Korean residents classified by city/province<br />Coauthorship is assumed to feed knowledge-based innovation across boundaries<br />
  7. 7. Method<br />Social network analysis<br />Normalized measures of degree centrality<br />Wasserman and Faust (1994)<br />Exploratory<br />Identifying trends across research specializations<br />Explanatory<br />Why do such trends exist?<br />Each research area assessed in terms of centrality degree and a scale-dependent normalized degree<br />
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  14. 14. Conclusion<br />Further verification of Shapiro, et al. (2010)<br />Seoul continues to be the main research hub<br />Opportunity for other regions – besides Gyeonggi and Daejeon – to replicate Seoul ended in 1994<br />Why? Application of the Cooperative R&D Promotion Law to Gyeonggi and Daejeon in particular<br />A pattern of convergence<br />Potential for other regions to be drawn in through launching of MEST and MKE<br />Need for structural changes<br />