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179D Commercial Building Energy Efficient Tax Deduction

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As part of Energy Policy Act (EPact) of 2005, the federal government passed a tax bill that supports building energy efficient measures. Building owners can qualify for up to $1.80 per sq. ft. in tax deductions when energy efficient measures are installed. Go to http:///www.179d.info for more information on the 179d

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179D Commercial Building Energy Efficient Tax Deduction

  1. 1. Commercial Building Tax Deduction June 27, 2013
  2. 2. Overview • Part I: 179D Internal Revenue Code – Background – What is 179D? – Who qualifies – Financial incentives explained – Future Expansion of Tax Incentive – Example Project • Part II: Services provided by Greenergy? – Who is Greenergy (credentials, past projects) 12/11/2013 2
  3. 3. 179D Internal Revenue Code 12/11/2013 3
  4. 4. Background • Commercial building electricity costs: – 40%/40%/20% - Lighting/Motors & HVAC/Other * • 80% of commercial buildings still use pre1986 lighting systems* – Issue: initial capital investment – Incentive: 179D Tax Deduction *Source: US Department of Energy 12/11/2013 4
  5. 5. What is 179D? • Internal Revenue Code 179D: – A tax deduction for energy-efficient buildings “Energy Efficient Commercial Building Tax Deduction” (CBTD) • Enacted: Energy Policy Act 2005 – Extended twice: • Energy Independence Act 2007 • Emergency Economic Stabilization Act 2008 • Current expiration: Dec 31st 2013 • Current bill in the US senate will extend tax incentive to the end of 2016 and increase the deduction from $1.80 per sqft to $3.00 per sqft 12/11/2013 5
  6. 6. What is 179D? • Commercial building owners and lessees who purchase and install energy-saving products in their businesses can qualify for a tax deduction. • Buildings achieving a 50% reduction in annual energy costs as compared to a baseline building defined by the industry standard ASHRAE/IESNA 90.1-2001 qualify for the full deduction of $1.80/sqft • Buildings achieving as little as 10% in annual energy costs qualify for the minimum tax deduction of $0.60/sqft 179D Code states: (a) In general There shall be allowed as a deduction an amount equal to the cost of energy efficient commercial building property placed in service during the taxable year. (b) Maximum amount of deduction The deduction under subsection (a) with respect to any building for any taxable year shall not exceed the excess (if any) of— (1) the product of— (A) $1.80, and (B) the square footage of the building, over (2) the aggregate amount of the deductions under subsection (a) with respect to the building for all prior taxable years 12/11/2013 6
  7. 7. Qualifying Buildings • Energy Efficient Buildings means property 1. located in the United States 2. which is installed as part of— (i) the interior lighting systems, (ii) the heating, cooling, ventilation, and hot water systems, or (iii) the building envelope and 3. installed as part of a plan designed to reduce the total annual energy and power costs between 1050% in comparison to a reference building 12/11/2013 7
  8. 8. Qualifying Buildings Building Types: • Offices • Retail stores • Warehouses • Apartments (4 stories +) • Public buildings Construction Types: • New Construction • Additions • Retrofits – Only applicable to retrofitted square footage • NO: Churches 12/11/2013 8
  9. 9. Who Benefits? Public buildings • Public building allowed to pass tax savings on to Designer • If more than one designer, building owner decides who gets the deduction 12/11/2013 Private buildings • Building owner – Accelerated Depreciation (Recover Equipment expense in 1 year compared to the normal 39 year recovery period) 9
  10. 10. Public Buildings • Allocation of tax deduction to the designer • A designer is a person that creates the technical specifications for installation of energy efficient commercial building property • Includes: an architect, engineer, contractor, environmental consultant or energy services provider who creates the technical specifications for a new building or an addition to an existing building that incorporates energy efficient commercial building property • A person that merely installs, repairs, or maintains the property is not a designer 12/11/2013 10
  11. 11. Financial Incentive • Deduction in first year placed in service • Covers up to the complete cost of the efficient equipment including labor and designer cost – Don’t have to depreciate over several years • Up to $1.80 per sq. ft (tax deduction) • Accelerated Depreciation for private building owners • Allocation of tax deduction to design firm for public buildings • Agreement between public entity and designer is reached for allocating the funds – 12/11/2013 e.g. endowments, donations, reduced costs on future jobs 11
  12. 12. Financial Incentive Maximum Allowable Tax Savings – EPACT 2005 Source: US Department of Energy-Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy 12/11/2013 12
  13. 13. Financial Incentive Maximum Allowable Tax Savings – changes under Notices 2006-52, 2008-40, 2012-26 Source: National Electrical Manufacturers Association (NEMA) Guide to the Energy Efficient Commercial Buildings Deduction 12/11/2013 13
  14. 14. Financial Incentive • Each system is evaluated separately and is eligible for one third of the tax deduction if it meets its share of the overall savings goal for the building, a 50 percent reduction in energy costs. • In other words: – one system meets the goal of reducing costs by 16 2⁄3 percent but the other two systems do not reduce costs at all, the building owner is entitled to a tax deduction of 60 cents per square foot off the cost of the system. – Likewise, the owner is eligible for a deduction of $1.20 per square foot off the cost if two systems qualify, reducing energy costs by 33 1⁄3 percent. 12/11/2013 14
  15. 15. Future Expansion of Tax Incentive Proposed to the US Senate on September 20th, 2012 Will extend tax incentive to the end of 2016 Includes buildings located in US territories Increases tax deduction from $1.80/sqft to $3.00/sqft for new construction • For renovations maximum incentive of $4.00/sqft • Includes multifamily housing of 5 or more units • The allocation of the deduction for public buildings will include people responsible for funding, financing, designing, leasing, operating or placing in service energy efficient measures • • • • – This includes building tenant, financier, architect, professional engineer, licensed contractor, energy service company or other building professional • Nonprofits will be able to allocate deduction for their buildings 12/11/2013 15
  16. 16. Example for a Public Building • • • • • • 1,000,000 sqft newly constructed energy efficient building Fully qualifies for the tax incentive Tax Deduction - $1.80/sqft x 1,000,000 = $1,800,000 $1,800,000 deduction passed onto designer Corporate tax rate - 35% Tax Savings - 35% x $1,800,000 = $630,000 12/11/2013 16
  17. 17. Services Provided by Greenergy 12/11/2013 17
  18. 18. Credentials • Professional Engineering license in IL, CA, OR, WA, UT, AZ, CO, PA, IN, TX, GA, FL • Insured up to $2M for errors and emissions as a Professional Engineering company • Experienced Energy Modelers • Utilizes Department of Energy EQUEST software • Working knowledge of ASHRAE 90.12001, Appendix G, and NREL/TP550-40467 • Completed 100s of buildings • Staff of Verification Engineers • Certified Public Accountant services 12/11/2013 18
  19. 19. Completed 179D Projects • Davis Monthan Air Force Base – 41 buildings modeled • Toyota Park Dealership • Dunkin Donuts • Pasco County Hurricane Shelter • Fort Bend Administration Building • Austin Parkway Elementary School • Dulles High School • Elkins High School • Highlands Elementary School • Hodges Bend Middle School • Sam Gibbons Federal Courthouse 12/11/2013 Hunters Glen Elementary School Kempner High School Lake Olympia Middle School Macario Garcis Middle School Palmer Elementary School Pecan Grove Elementary School Quail Valley Middle School Sienna Crossing Elementary School • Sugarmill Elementary School • Fort Benning Army Base – 56 buildings modeled • • • • • • • • 19
  20. 20. Thank You Visit our website at http://www.go-greenergy.com to obtain more information on the tax deduction Call us at (312)469-8387 to find out how much tax deduction your building can qualify for Or Email us at info@go-greenergy.com with your building and project details 12/11/2013 20
  21. 21. Terminology • • • • Reference Building is a building that is located in the same climate zone as the taxpayer’s building and is otherwise comparable to the taxpayer’s building except that its interior lighting systems, heating, cooling, ventilation, and hot water systems, and building envelope meet the minimum requirements of Standard 90.1-2001 Qualified Individual - (1) Is not related to the taxpayer claiming the deduction under § 179D; (2) Is an engineer or contractor that is properly licensed as a professional engineer or contractor in the jurisdiction in which the building is located; and (3) Has represented in writing to the taxpayer that he or she has the requisite qualifications to provide the certification required. Designer - a person that creates the technical specifications for installation of energy efficient commercial building property. For example, an architect, engineer, contractor, environmental consultant or energy services provider who creates the technical specifications for a new building or an addition to an existing building. A person that merely installs, repairs, or maintains the property is not a designer. Interim Rule - (i) Achieve a reduction in lighting power density of at least 25 percent (50 percent in the case of a warehouse) of the minimum requirements in Table 9.3.1.1 or Table 9.3.1.2 (not including additional interior lighting power allowances) of Standard 90.1-2001. 12/11/2013 21

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