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Green Communities Presentation to Board of Selectmen 11-23-10

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Green communities selectmen for slideshare

  1. 1. Becoming a Green Community Discussion with Board of Selectmen Michael Greis Green Needham Collaborative 23 November 2010
  2. 2. At several points in this presentation, there are buttons that link to other slides in the presentation containing additional information on the point being discussed. Unfortunately, does not support those links directly. So, when you click the links, a browser window will open showing the slides in a PDF file. Simply return to your original browser window or tab to continue with the presentation.
  3. 3. Agenda • Benefits of becoming a Green Community • Green Community Requirements • Where we stand • Meeting the remaining requirements
  4. 4. Why? • It’s the right thing to do • It’s the smart thing to do • It saves money • We’re already doing much of it • What we’re not doing, we’ll have to do
  5. 5. Benefits of being a Green Community • Climate Change, the Environment, Health – Reduction in greenhouse gas emissions – Cleaner, greener environment – Reduced health care costs and decreased mortality • Comfort and quality of life – More comfortable homes, offices and schools • Long-term Sustainability – Minimize and control volatile energy costs • Economic Development – Lower cost of owning and operating facilities makes Needham more attractive to businesses – Green / LEED / Energy Efficient building is now the commercial baseline – Homes are less expensive to own and more attractive to buyers – Prospective residents want to make a smart choice of community to live in – a sustainable, energy-efficient, green community reinforces their choice of Needham
  6. 6. Benefits of being a Green Community • Saving energy, saving money – Municipal energy reductions save taxpayer dollars and promote confidence in municipal government – Residents save money and reduce life cycle costs of owning homes – Businesses save money and reduce facility costs • Savings benefit the local economy – Massachusetts has no local energy production – The dollars spent on energy leave the community and the region • Oil used by Needham residents represents a transfer of wealth to OPEC of $14.6 million each year – Money not spent on energy by the municipality, residents and businesses can be spent to benefit the local economy • 10% of the FY 2011 energy budget = 4 teachers + 2 firefighters
  7. 7. Benefits of being a Green Community • Funding – Green Community Grants – Funding from RGGI Auctions ($8-9 million yearly) – Not subject to budget process, legislative appropriation or 9C cuts – Peer Towns received $150,000 – 200,000 – Will become more competitive as additional communities qualify • Funding – preference for other grant programs – October 2010 Electric Vehicle Charging Stations
  8. 8. Benefits of being a Green Community • Supports and advances stated goals of the Selectmen – financial sustainability – energy savings – effective use of resources – increasing town revenue – economic development – improving health and welfare – instituting environmentally sound practices
  9. 9. Benefits of being a Green Community • Creates a social norm and promotes a community identity that: – Builds buy-in for Selectmen and Town Manager goals on sustainability – Encourages further actions by citizens, businesses and Town employees – Enhances Needham’s image as a smart place to live and do business
  10. 10. Green Community Requirements • As-of-right Siting – for renewable energy R&D, Manufacturing or Generation in designated areas • Expedited Permitting – within one year via local permitting or MGL Chapter 43D • Municipal Energy Use Baseline & Reduction Plan – target 20% from baseline within 5 years • Fuel-efficient Vehicles – purchase subject to availability • Minimize Life-cycle Costs – adopt Stretch Energy Code (780 CMR 120 AA)
  11. 11. Green Community Requirements - where we are • As-of-right Siting – Planning Board and Planning Director prepared to proceed with overlay for RTS – Location for prospective wind turbine and solar array • Expedited Permitting – Planning Director & Board feel our process enables us to meet this requirement • Municipal Energy Use Baseline and Reduction Plan – Energy baseline complete and monitoring in place – Town Manager ‘s 5% Energy Challenge 2009-10 • Fuel-efficient Vehicles – Already seek efficient vehicles and have purchased hybrids • Minimize Life-cycle Costs – adopt Stretch Energy Code – Needs Town Manager & Selectmen support, Town Meeting approval
  12. 12. Stretch Code Communities - 35 designated Green Communities in May, 2010 - Many of the rest will be applying this month Many of our peer communities are already on this list… -Newton -Natick -Lexington -Brookline -Concord -Sudbury -Arlington -Hopkinton -Dedham
  13. 13. Massachusetts Energy Codes • Meeting energy codes is not a new requirement – IECC 2006, since 2008 • A new code is in effect as of July 1, 2010 – IECC 2009 - 10% more energy efficient than IECC 2006 • Stretch Code – 20% more energy efficient than current MA code (IECC 2009) • Green Communities Act requires adoption of new IECC energy codes • Stretch Code will become the base code – IECC 2012 will be adopted in 2013
  14. 14. Stretch Code Coverage • Residential – New construction and additions – Renovations • Commercial – New construction and additions > 5,000 sf – Renovations exempt – Specialized facilities (supermarkets, labs, warehouses) • < 40,000 sf – exempt • > 40,000 sf – covered
  15. 15. What’s different about the stretch Energy Code? • Reduces the cost of owning and using buildings • Empowers the property owners to achieve energy savings by making decisions and trade-offs that meet their needs • Provides quality assurance that owners are getting what they pay for It is results-oriented - focused on performance, not prescriptive requirements
  16. 16. Performance code versus Prescriptive code Prescriptive codes don’t guarantee good results For example, small air gaps created by faulty installation can reduce the R-value of insulation by 50% or more Performance testing ensures that homeowners get the results they are paying for
  17. 17. Advantages of Performance-based code - Property owner - Makes the decisions - Can make design trade-offs - Quality assurance of the work and the results -Code official - Compliance & inspections essentially same as base code - Retains authority - 3rd party professional rating reduces disputes
  18. 18. Bottom line: Reducing life-cycle costs Building to the stretch code provides significant bottom-line financial benefits to the property owner – the building costs less to own and use Residential: - Small or even no cost premium - 30% reduction in energy costs - Net cash savings – up to several thousand dollars per year Commercial: - Average 2% cost premium yields immediate 30% savings in energy & water - Rates of return of >30% common - Often cash flow positive from day 1
  19. 19. Path to Adoption • Selectmen and Town Manager commit to becoming a Massachusetts Green Community – Adopt energy reduction plan – Commit to buying energy efficient vehicles – Adopt Stretch Energy Code (subject to TM vote) • Planning Board prepares and approves: – As-of-right zoning – Commitment to expedited permitting • Annual Town Meeting - May, 2011 – Vote to adopt zoning by-law changes – Vote to adopt Stretch Energy Code • Town Manager submits Green Communities Designation form to DoER
  20. 20. Green Needham Collaborative: – • Green Needham Collaborative Blog – • 10% Energy Challenge –
  21. 21. End of presentation Linked slides follow
  22. 22. Green Building Study, Sponsors USBGC & others – Greg Kats, Lead Author
  23. 23. Cash flow for 3,500 sq home (including all rebates and incentives) -Net cost of improvements: -$7,314 -Annual cash flow to owner -$2,338 Without rebates & incentives: - Net cost of improvements: - $10,614 - Annual cash flow to owner - $1,102 Cash Flow scenario prepared by Mark Sandeen, Lexington GWAC
  24. 24. Slides from DoER Stretch Code 201 Webinar
  25. 25. Slide from EPA Presentation at Electric Restructuring Roundtable 10/29/10 Benefits Costs