Passive voice

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My english assignment, explaining some things related with the passive voice.
Beside english, some contents of this slides are avaiable at bahasa Indonesia too.

I hope this can help you :)

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Passive voice

  1. 1. By: Dian Puspita
  2. 2. Introduction• Active voice is a sentence, where the subject is the one whose are responsible for the action. Otherwise, in the passive voice, the object is the one whose are responsible for the action, instead of the subject.• Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject- nya melakukan pekerjaan, sebaliknya, kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai pekerjaan oleh object kalimat.• We often find the passive voice in thearticle of newspapers, magazines, and scientific literature. Passive voice is used, because the object from the active voice, is the more important information than the subjects.• Sering kita temukan passive voice di surat-surat kabar, artikel-artikel di majalah-majalah dan tulisan- tulisan ilmiah. Passive voice digunakan karena object dari active voice merupakan informasi yang lebih penting dibandingkan dengan subject-nya.
  3. 3. Forms of Passive VoiceThere are some general forms that used in the passive voice. Things that differentiate it, is when the moments occur. Is it already happens, is happens, or will happens.Ada beberapa bentuk umum yang sering digunakan dalam membentuk passive voice. Yang membedakan adalah waktu berlangsungnya kejadian yang diterangkan, sudah terjadi, sedang terjadi atau akan terjadi. Beberapa diantaranya yang sering digunakan adalah sebagai berikut:NO. Struktur Maksud1 S + is/am/are/was/were + V3 di [...]2 S + is/am/are/was/were + being + V3 sedang [...]3 S + has/have/had + been + V3 telah di [...]4 akan/dapat/mungkin/pasti di S + will/shall/can/may/must, etc + V3 [...]
  4. 4. Passive Voice FormulaPresentPresent Formula ExampleSimple S + is/am/are + V3 The book is bought by Nanik The book is being bought byContinous S + is/am/are + being + V3 Nanik The book has been bought byPerfect S + have/has + been + v3 NanikPerfect S + have/has + been + being The book has been beingcontinous + v3 bought by NanikPastPast Pasif ExampleSimple S + was/were + V3 The book was bought by Nanik S + was/were + being + The book was being bought byContinous V3 Nanik The book had been bought byPerfect S + had + been + v3 NanikPerfect S + had + been + being The book had been being boughtcontinous + v3 by Nanik
  5. 5. Passive Voice FormulaFuture Pasif Example The book will be bought bySimple S + will + be + V3 Nanik The book will be being boughtContinous S + will + be + being + V3 by Nanik The book will have been boughtPerfect S + will + have + been + v3 by NanikPerfect S + will + have + been + being The book will have been beingcontinous + v3 bought by Nanik Note: the main formula of passive voice is TO BE / BE + VERB 3 catatan: rumus utama pada passive voice adalah TO BE/BE + VERB 3
  6. 6. Example
  7. 7. Converting the active voice, to the passive voice Tenses ACTIVE PASSIVESimple Present Jane helps Tina. Tina is helped by Jane.Present Progressive Jane is helping Tina. Tina is being helped by Jane.Present Perfect Jane has helped Tina. Tina has been helped by Jane.Simple Past Jane helped Tina. Tina was helped by Jane.Past Progressive Jane was helping Tina. Tina was being helped by Jane.Past Perfect Jane had helped Tina. Tina had been helped by Jane.Simple Future Jane will help Tina. Tina will be helped by Jane.To Be Going To Jane is going to help Tina. Tina is going to be helped by Jane.Future perfect Jane will have helped Tina. Tina will have been helped by Jane.
  8. 8.  There are three words that can be used in passive voice. By; is used to express a reason for an passive doings Born; is used when we talk about a born of someone, or a happenings Get; can be used to subtituate to be , in the situation where it takes place.
  9. 9.  Untuk menyatakan apa penyebab sebuah tindakan pasif, kita bisa menggunakan by. Contoh:Ø This photo was taken by my friend.Ø I was given this by my brother. Seringkali tidak diperlukan untuk menyatakan penyebab tindakan pasif, khususnya jika dipahami dengan jelas atau tidak relevan. Sebagai contoh:Ø The meeting was cancelled (pertemuan itu dibatalkan). (Informasi penting yang ingin disampaikan adalah pembatalan pertemuan, bukan siapa yang membatalkannya.)Ø These boots were made in Italy (sepatu-sepatu boot ini dibuat di Italia). (Informasi yang penting dalam kalimat ini adalah bahwa sepatu-sepatu tersebut dibuat di Italia, bukan siapa yang membuatnya).
  10. 10.  Get bisa digunakan menggantikan to be pada situasi dimana sesuatu terjadi. Contoh:Ø Our flight got cancelled = Our flight was cancelled.Ø I got paid today = I was paid today. Get tidak bisa digunakan pada situasi-situasi umum dan apabila bersama dengan kata kerja yang menyatakan keadaan (bukan tindakan). Contoh:Ø He is liked by a lot of people. – BenarØ He gets liked by a lot of people. - Tidak benarØ She is known to be a hard-working employee. – BenarØ She gets known to be a hard-working employee.- Tidak benar Get digunakan lebih sering dalam bahasa Inggris informal.
  11. 11.  Ketika berbicara tentang kelahiran orang tertentu atau suatu peristiwa, kita menggunakan bentuk pasif “to be born”. Contoh: Ø I was born in Iran. Ø The twins were born just last year.
  12. 12. Indirect Object as Passive Object ACTIVE: Someone gave Mrs. Grim an award. PASSIVE: Mrs. Grim was given an award by someone. ACTIVE: Someone gave an award to Mrs. Grim. PASSIVE: An award was given to Mrs. Grim.Direct Object (Object Langsung): Sesuatu.Indirect Object (Object tak langsung): yang menerima sesuatu.Contoh 4 kalimat di atas semuanya mempunyai makna yang sama.Mrs. Grim: sebagai object tak langsung (Indirect Object), dan an award: sebagai object langsung (DirectObject).Baik Object langsung ataupun Object tak langsung bisa menjadi Subject dalam bentuk kalimat pasif.CATATAN: Ketika object langsung menjadi subject, frase “to” biasanya digunakan didepan atau sebelumobject tak langsung (lihat contoh kalimat ke 4).
  13. 13. Passive voice by modal auxiliaries andsimilar expression• On the previous slide, I’ve explaining about the use and example of passive voice, that is used in some tenses. And for now, we will study about the passive voice by using modal auxiliaries and similar expression.• Pada bagian yang sebelumnya saya sudah menjelaskan tentang penggunaan dan contoh Passive Voice yang digunakan pada beberapa tenses, dan untuk saat ini kita akan membahas tentang penggunaan Passive Voice dengan menggunakan Modal Auxiliaries and Similar Expression (ekspresi serupa).
  14. 14. Modal Auxiliaries• Modals is an Auxiliary verbs. In general uses, Modal auxiliaries is used for expressing manner or mood of the speaker. Examples, modal auxiliaries can express that the speaker feel that somethingf is necessary, advisable, permissible, or possible.• Modals adalah auxiliary verbs (kata kerja bantu). Secara umum modal auxiliaries digunakan untuk mengekspresikan sikap atau suasana hati si pembicara. Contohnya, modal auxiliaries dapat mengekspresikan bahwa si pembicara merasakan bahwa sesuatu tersebut merupakan necessary (kebutuhan), advisable (baik untuk dilakukan), permissible (diizinkan/ diperbolehkan), atau possible (mungkin untuk dilakukan).
  15. 15. Passive Voice by Modal AuxiliariesPada kalimat positif MODAL + be + VERB Pada kalimat positif 3Pada kalimat negatif MODAL + NOT + be + Pada kalimat negatif VERB 3Pada bentuk lampau MODAL + have been + Pada bentuk lampaukalimat pasif VERB 3 kalimat pasif
  16. 16. Modal Auxiliaries and The example of Similar Expression Passive Voice (Kalimat Pasif) Can - Could The door can be (Artinya: Pintunya dapat (bisa/dapat) opened. dibuka.) be able to Shania is able to be (Artinya: Shania dapat (bisa/dapat) hired for Chemical Staff dipekerjakan untuk bagian Department. staf bahan kimia.) Will - Would Tom will be invited to (Artinya: Tom akan diundang (akan) the party by Kim. ke pesta oleh Kim.) May - Might The Cooking club may (Artinya: Klub memasak (boleh/ mungkin) be joined by everyone. boleh diikuti oleh semua orang.) Must - Have to My homework must be (Artinya: Pekerjaan rumah (harus/ pasti) finished as soon as saya harus diselesaikan possible. secepat mungkin.) Should - Ought to That book should not (Artinya: Buku itu tidak (seharusnya) be stolen by him. seharusnya dicuri oleh dia.) be supposed to Fred is supposed to be (Artinya: Fred seharusnya (seharusnya) told about the meeting. diberitahu tentang pertemuan atau rapat.) be going to He is going to be fired (Artinya: Dia akan (akan) from his position as soon diberhentikan dari as possible. jabatannya secepatnya.)
  17. 17. Contoh The Past Passive Voice(Bentuk Lampau Kalimat Pasif)Dengan Menggunakan ModalAuxiliaries Modal Auxiliaries The Past – Passive Form (Bentuk Lampau Kalimat Pasif) Should The letter should have been sent last week. (Artinya: Suratnya seharusnya sudah dikirim minggu lalu.) Must This house must have been built over 200 years ago. (Artinya: Rumah ini pasti sudah dibangun lebih dari 200 tahun yang lalu.) Ought to Jack ought to have been invited to the party. (Artinya: Jack seharusnya sudah diundang ke pesta.)

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