E-C- 103 : LITERARY CRITICISMTOPIC: SIX PARTS OF TRAGEDYPREPARED BY : AVANI N. DAVEM.A:- 1SEM – 1YEAR :- 2012-’13ROLL NO: 02DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH MKS B.U
Aristotle’s 6 Elements of Tragedy Aristotle said that tragedy has six main elements: Plot - Fable Thought - Spactator Dianoia - opsis Tragedy Character - Ethos Melody - Songs Diction - Lexis
1 Plot- Fable Meaning. “Goal is catharsis - gives drama a social function in the polis A complex vs. a simple plot is preferred; this includes peripety and anagnorisis Single vs. double -no subplots “probability and necessity.” Unity Beginning, middle, end structure
2 Character – ethosMeaning:- second most important element. essential quality revealed in the plot. clear moral purpose four main qualities. good in some way. act appropriately believable personalities. “acting out of character.”
Thought – dianoiaMeaning:-Thought is the power of sayingwhatever can be said and should besaid at each moment of the plot.
Diction – lexisMeaning:- Diction is the actual composition many ways to say lines that say something extremely well audience can leave the play quoting the lines exactly.
Melody – songs Melody is accessories The Chorus should contribute to Unity of the Play The Greeks sometimes used musical accompaniment“The music (melody) has to blend in with the play appropriately.” - Aristotle
Spectacle Music & Spectacle are sensuous, less artistic elements Least important and least connected to Literature refers to the staging of the play Spectacle are accessories Spectacle must be done well for the play to succeed. - Aristotle appropriate to the theme of the play.o Conclusion
. This presentation is submitted to Department of English M.K.S Bhavnagar University “All men by nature desire knowledge” – Aristotle Thank You