106 slides Nov 16 on outlining


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On literary analysis and outline writing for a five-paragraph essay.

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106 slides Nov 16 on outlining

  1. 1. BIU English 106 Slide set #3: Nov. 14 Introduction to Literary Forms and Critical Writing I Dr. Daniel Feldman [email_address]
  2. 2. Writing Blurbs 4 <ul><li>“ Writing and reading decrease our sense of isolation. They deepen and widen and expand our sense of life: they feed the soul. When writers make us shake our heads with the exactness of their prose and their truths, and even make us laugh about ourselves or life, our buoyancy is restored. We are given a shot at dancing with, or at least clapping along with, the absurdity of life, instead of being squashed by it over and over again. It’s like singing on a boat during a terrible storm at sea. You can’t stop the raging storm, but singing can change the hearts and spirits of the people who are together on that ship.” </li></ul><ul><li>― Anne Lamott, Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life </li></ul>
  3. 3. Literary Analysis <ul><li>Analysis is not plot summary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does the text signify (create meaning)? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>What are its methods of constructing plot, character, narrating voice, imagery, setting, and themes? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pay attention to telling details </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Kinds of Critical Questions <ul><li>Plot : What conflicts drive the plot? How is the plot structured? What order or sequence do events take? </li></ul><ul><li>Character : What motivates the protagonists, the central characters? How are the characters characterized? What does the text tell us about the characters to inform us about them? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Kinds of Critical Questions <ul><li>Setting : How does the setting influence the story? Why is this story set where it is? Is there symbolic meaning to the setting that makes it appropriate for this work </li></ul><ul><li>Point of view / narrative voice : In what voice is the story told? Does the point of view affect our understanding of the text? </li></ul><ul><li>Motifs : Do various symbols or ideas repeat in the work? Why those motifs or themes? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Evidence in Literary Analysis <ul><li>Passages, quotations of primary text </li></ul><ul><li>Details paraphrased from the plot, character, setting, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Scholarly articles (secondary literature) regarding the primary text </li></ul><ul><li>Facts about the author, text, and the publication’s historical period </li></ul>
  7. 7. Outline of an Essay <ul><li>Thesis paragraph (introduction) ~50-150 words </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening lines engage reader and frame your topic or question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frame and present your thesis statement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body: development paragraphs present secon-dary claims and evidence supporting the thesis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Each ‘graph introduced by a clear topic sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paragraphs should be unified around a main point and organized in a coherent, logical structure of each point leading to the next (development) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Sample Outline <ul><li>Thesis and general problem in the opening paragraph </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One reason for the thesis is X. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Statistical evidence can prove this. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Logic can prove this. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A second reason for the thesis is Y. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Development-- Statistical proof that my thesis is correct. </li></ul><ul><li>Dev2--Logical proof that my thesis is correct. </li></ul><ul><li>Dev3-- Counter-arguments opposing my thesis can be dismissed because Z. </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion: my argument rocks and this issue has significance because… </li></ul>
  9. 9. Format <ul><li>Your Name </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. Feldman </li></ul><ul><li>English 106 </li></ul><ul><li>27 November 2011 </li></ul><ul><li>Catchy or clear title centered </li></ul><ul><li>The body of the paper begins below and follows </li></ul><ul><li>with each paragraph indented the customary space. </li></ul><ul><li>Use standard 2.5cm (1”) margins and 12-point serif font. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Dubliners , “Araby” <ul><li>NORTH RICHMOND STREET, being blind, was a quiet street except at the hour when the Christian Brothers' School set the boys free. An uninhabited house of two storeys stood at the blind end, detached from its neighbours in a square ground The other houses of the street, conscious of decent lives within them, gazed at one another with brown imperturbable faces. […] </li></ul><ul><li>I was thankful that I could see so little. All my senses seemed to desire to veil themselves </li></ul>
  11. 11. Setting in “Araby” <ul><li>Street </li></ul><ul><li>Personified houses </li></ul><ul><li>City as network, city as character </li></ul><ul><li>Bazaar </li></ul><ul><li>Localized and globalized worlds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How does setting advance the plot? </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Joyce’s Dublin
  13. 14. A City Mapped in Words
  14. 15. Epiphany: Coming to See <ul><li>“ Araby” as tale of: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A quest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exoticism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maturation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Unrequited love </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disappointment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 16. “ Eveline” and “Two Gallants” <ul><li>Frustrated, hollow love </li></ul><ul><li>Meaningless, incomplete journeys or quests </li></ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul><ul><li>Plot types: exposition </li></ul><ul><li>Voice: irony </li></ul><ul><li>Literary devices: foreshadowing, exposition </li></ul>
  16. 17. For next week 21.11 & 23.11 <ul><li>For Monday: Write full introductory thesis paragraphs and complete outlines, including topic sentences, for two of your five thesis statements from this week. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Your outlines should show your plan for how you would construct an essay arguing your thesis. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your outlines should indicate specific evidence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Your outlines must include sample topic sentences for each supporting paragraph. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For Wednesday: “The Dead” </li></ul>