Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

The Five Solas -- Class 2, Sola Fide

259 views

Published on

Sola Fide -- Justification through faith alone.

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

The Five Solas -- Class 2, Sola Fide

  1. 1. The Five Solas SOLA FIDE C.S. NOREN
  2. 2. Wittenberg
  3. 3. Martin Luther
  4. 4. Black Death (100 years) Start Babylonian Captivity (Avignon) b. John Wycliffe 100 Years war - Beginning b. John Huss End Babylonian Captivity Great Schism d. John Wycliffe d. John Huss End of Great Schism b. Martin Luther b. John Calvin The Colloquy of Marburg Council of Trent Begins d. Martin Luther Council of Trent Finishes d. John Calvin 1300 1350 1400 1450 1500 1550 1600 Reformation Context
  5. 5. Martin Luther born Schools in Mansfeld and Magdeburg University of Erurt Storm Monastery Ordained Bachelor's Bachelor's Doctor Vicar Tetzel 95 Theses Cardinal Cajetan Johann Eck Papal Bull Luther burns papal bull Luther excommunicated Luther at the Diet of Worms Luther taken to Wartbug Castle Gabriel Zwilling, peasants' revolt Luther returns to Wittenberg Battle of Frankenhausen Luther marries Luther's Large and Small Catechisms Marbug Colloquy Health Constroversies, bigamy of Philip I Luther dies 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 Life of Martin Luther
  6. 6. Martin Luther born Schools in Mansfeld and Magdeburg University of Erurt Storm Monastery Ordained Bachelor's Bachelor's Doctor Vicar Tetzel 95 Theses Cardinal Cajetan Johann Eck Papal Bull Luther burns papal bull Luther excommunicated Luther at the Diet of Worms Luther taken to Wartbug Castle Gabriel Zwilling, peasants' revolt Luther returns to Wittenberg Battle of Frankenhausen Luther marries Luther's Large and Small Catechisms Marbug Colloquy Health Constroversies, bigamy of Philip I Luther dies 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 Life of Martin Luther
  7. 7. Justification  “Justification” refers to the status of being righteous in the sight of God.  “Justification” can be paraphrased as “being right with God.”  “To be justified” can be paraphrased as “to be put in a right relationship with God.”  McGrath, Alister E.. Reformation Thought: An Introduction (p. 117). Wiley. Kindle Edition.
  8. 8. Luther’s Problem  Scholasticism in Northern Europe took a great interest in the issue of justification.  This led to many theories on justification.  The Pope and church authorities did not have the means to settle on one theory.  This region of humanists in Northern Europe took the view that just a modest turning towards God merited salvation.  Martin Luther had a problem with sin – he did not see that he and others had anything at all the merited God’s salvation.  The idea of “God’s righteousness” became a threat to Luther. It could only mean condemnation and judgement to Luther.
  9. 9. The Tower Experience  I had certainly wanted to understand Paul in his letter to the Romans. But what prevented me from doing so was not so much cold feet as that one phrase in the first chapter: “the righteousness of God is revealed in it” (Romans 1:17). For I hated that phrase, “the righteousness of God,” which I had been taught to understand as the righteousness by which God is righteous, and punishes unrighteous sinners. …  At last, as I meditated day and night on the relation of the words “the righteousness of God is revealed in it, as it is written, the righteous person shall live by faith,” I began to understand that “righteousness of God” as that by which the righteous person lives by the gift of God (faith); and this sentence, “the righteousness of God is revealed,” to refer to a passive righteousness, by which the merciful God justifies us by faith, as it is written, “the righteous person lives by faith.” This immediately made me feel as though I had been born again, and as though I had entered through open gates into paradise itself. From that moment, I saw the whole face of Scripture in a new light … And now, where I had once hated the phrase, “the righteousness of God,” I began to love and extol it as the sweetest of phrases, so that this passage in Paul became the very gate of paradise to me.  McGrath, Alister E.. Reformation Thought: An Introduction (p. 120). Wiley. Kindle Edition.
  10. 10. Luther’s Insight  God is not a harsh and indifferent judge.  God does not reward us according to our merits.  God is merciful and gracious.  God bestows righteousness on the sinner as a gift.  Repentance is seen a result of God’s grace, not a precondition for it.
  11. 11. What is Faith? Notitia – The content of faith. Assensus – Our conviction that the content of faith is true. Fiducia – Personal trust and reliance. Notitia AssensusFiducia Faith Not just one or two of these attributes makes saving faith, all three must be present.
  12. 12. What About Repentance? Faith and repentance are two sides of the same coin.
  13. 13. Luther’s Insight on Faith  Faith is personal – it is not enough to believe in the historical content.  Faith is trust – it is a trust in the promises of God and in God’s personal integrity to carry out those promises.  Faith unites the believer with Christ.
  14. 14. Justification Through Faith  The doctrine of “justification by faith” thus does not mean that the sinner is justified because he or she believes, on account of his or her faith. Rather, it involves recognizing that God provides everything necessary for justification, so that all the sinner needs to do is to receive it. In justification, God is active, and humans are passive. The phrase “justification by grace through faith” brings out the meaning of the doctrine more clearly: the justification of the sinner is based upon the grace of God, and is received through faith.  McGrath, Alister E.. Reformation Thought: An Introduction (p. 122). Wiley. Kindle Edition.
  15. 15. Two Views of Righteousness Infused Alien
  16. 16. Infused Righteousness Your sins are forgiven when you repent and place your faith in Christ. Over your lifetime, righteousness slowly builds up in you. But you cannot enter heaven with any speck of unrighteousness in you.
  17. 17. Alien Righteousness Your Sin Christ’s Righteousness Imputed Imputed At the instance of faith… God declares your sins are paid in full. God declares you are righteous. Your righteousness is external
  18. 18. Faith Does Not Stand Alone  You are justified through faith alone.  But your faith does not stand alone.  Those who have saving faith are in union with Christ.  Your life will exhibit good works.  Your life will have ups and downs, but the general trend will be a growing in obeying Christ.  You will persevere in the faith to the end.
  19. 19. One Moment in Time DefinitiveCall Regeneration Progressive Sanctification Perseverance Faith Repentance Glorification Justification Adoption Definitive Sanctification How Does Faith Fit with the Christian Life?
  20. 20. What does this mean? If you have faith in Christ, you have a right relationship with God. God has sought you out. You are His! Delight in that! You can pray with full confidence that God hears you with a tender heart. Because of your union with Christ, your faith will not stand alone. You will grow and become ever more obedient to Christ. You will persevere in the faith.

×