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Preterism

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This is class 9 of the series The Consummation.
This class looks at Preterism, Partial Preterism and Full Preterism.
This is being taught at Christ Presbyterian Church in Marietta.

Published in: Spiritual
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Preterism

  1. 1. Preterism C.S. Noren, 2017
  2. 2.  PremillennialViews: Millennium Historic Premillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Millennium Dispensational Premillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Rapture
  3. 3.  Post MillennialViews Millennium Amillenialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Millennium Postmillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib
  4. 4.  The Great Revolt began in the year 66 AD.  Caused by religious tensions.  Escalated due to anti-taxation protests and attacks upon Roman citizens.  The Romans responded by plundering the Jewish Temple and executing up to 6,000 Jews in Jerusalem.  This prompted a full-scale rebellion.
  5. 5.  GeneralVespasian was given the task by Emperor Nero of crushing the rebellion in Judaea.  Vespasian was joined by his sonTitus.  Vespasian began operations by subjugating Galilee.  By the year 68, Jewish resistance in the north had been crushed.  Methodically proceeded to cleanse the coastline.
  6. 6.  The leaders of the collapsed Northern revolt escaped to Jerusalem.  Infighting and civil war among the Jewish rebels.  A faction of the Zealots was invited to rule Jerusalem by the Sadducees.  Rome 68 AD:  Nero declared enemy of the empire. Committed suicide.  Vespasian returned to Rome. Later became emperor.
  7. 7.  Titus is in command to crush the Jewish Rebellion.  Titus’ advance on Jerusalem created a wave of refugees in Jerusalem.  Josephus estimates over 1 million in Jerusalem.  Infighting inside Jerusalem. Zealots burn dry food supplies to force the fight.  7 month siege.  Jerusalem breached in the summer of 70 AD.
  8. 8.  Jerusalem sacked and burned  Temple destroyed.  97,000 Jews were captured and enslaved.  Josephus claims that 1,100,000 people were killed during the siege.  Christians fled Jerusalem before the siege and thus have no significant casualties.
  9. 9.  Preterism is a view in Christian eschatology which holds that some or all of the biblical prophecies concerning the Last Days refer to events which took place in the first century after Christ's birth, especially associated with the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD. The term preterism comes from the Latin praeter, meaning past, since this view deems certain biblical prophecies as past, or already fulfilled. (http://www.theopedia.com/Preterism)
  10. 10.  Two major forms of Preterism:  Partial Preterism ▪ Partial Preterism, the older of the two views, holds that prophecies such as the destruction of Jerusalem, the Antichrist, the GreatTribulation, and the advent of the Day of the Lord as a "judgment-coming" of Christ were fulfilled circa 70 AD. (Theopedia)  Full Preterism ▪ Full Preterism differs from Partial Preterism in that it sees all prophecy fulfilled with the destruction of Jerusalem, including the resurrection of the dead and Jesus' Second Coming. (Theopedia)
  11. 11.  Key verses for Preterists:  Matthew 10:23: you will not have gone through all the towns of Israel before the Son of Man comes.  Mark 13:30:Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all these things take place.  Matthew 16:28:Truly, I say to you, there are some standing here who will not taste death until they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.
  12. 12.  Full Preterists:  70 AD is the Second Coming.  The final judgment.  The resurrection of the dead.  Is not aligned with the historic creeds and confessions.  Is heretical.
  13. 13.  Partial Preterist view of 70 AD.  The end of the Jewish age.  A visitation of Christ in judgment.  The great tribulation. ▪ Possibly other tribulations will come that echo this great tribulation.  Last Days: ▪ “Last Days” in scripture refer to the period leading to 70 AD. ▪ “Last Day” refers to the Second Coming of Christ, which will happen in the future.
  14. 14. The ChurchThe Church Tribulation 70 AD Judgment New Heavens and Earth? The Church The Church You Are Here
  15. 15. The ChurchThe Church Tribulation 70 AD IsraelJudgment The Church The Church This Age (Israel Age) Age to Come (Church Age)
  16. 16. The ChurchThe Church Tribulation Millennium Judgment New Heavens and Earth The Church The Church This Age Age to Come
  17. 17.  Preterism and MillennialViews Millennium Amillenialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib Millennium Postmillennialism Second Coming Final Judgment Trib 70 AD
  18. 18.  Amillennialism  70 AD represents a type of tribulation that can be repeated later.  Postmillennialism  70 AD is the great tribulation.This will not be repeated.  Sometimes you will see theonomists associated with this view.
  19. 19. Matthew 24:1-8 (ESV) [1] Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple. [2] But he answered them, “You see all these, do you not?Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” [3]As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” [4] And Jesus answered them, “See that no one leads you astray. [5] For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and they will lead many astray. [6] And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet. [7] For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places. [8] All these are but the beginning of the birth pains. saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” 3 Questions: 1.When will these things be? (The destruction of theTemple) 2. What will be the sign of your coming? 3.The end of the age? Preterests believe these questions refer to the events of 70AD Full Preterests believe this is the second coming Partial Preterists believe this is the coming of Christ to judge the nation of Israel.
  20. 20. Matthew 24:1-8 (ESV) [1] Jesus left the temple and was going away, when his disciples came to point out to him the buildings of the temple. [2] But he answered them, “You see all these, do you not?Truly, I say to you, there will not be left here one stone upon another that will not be thrown down.” [3]As he sat on the Mount of Olives, the disciples came to him privately, saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” [4] And Jesus answered them, “See that no one leads you astray. [5] For many will come in my name, saying, ‘I am the Christ,’ and they will lead many astray. [6] And you will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you are not alarmed, for this must take place, but the end is not yet. [7] For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in various places. [8] All these are but the beginning of the birth pains. saying, “Tell us, when will these things be, and what will be the sign of your coming and of the end of the age?” 3 Questions: 1.When will these things be? (The destruction of theTemple) 2. What will be the sign of your coming? 3.The end of the age? Amillennialism views that (2) refers to the Second Coming of Christ and (3) refers to the close of the age at the SecondComing The rest of the discourse has these 3 questions woven together in the answer, sometimes distinct, sometimes merged.
  21. 21.  The Last Days according to Jesus by R. C. Sproul
  22. 22.  Last Days Madness: Obsession of the Modern Church by Gary Demar

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