Politics ben, billy, emmy

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Politics ben, billy, emmy

  1. 1. RECONSTRUCTION PHOTO ESSAY Ben Gunning, Billy Van Cleve, & Emmy Sprong
  2. 2. THESIS: FONER’S “THE MEANING OF FREEDOM”  According to Foner, the African American community knew that by achieving autonomy they would set the groundwork for a new black community and a better life, centered on stabilizing their families, creating social organizations (including churches and schools), attempting to obtain economic independence, and striving for equal rights, all in the face of conservative white resistance.
  3. 3. THESIS: RECONSTRUCTION POLITICS African Americans desired integration rather than separation within the political sphere in order to obtain equality before the law, which— if achieved—would lead to independence from white control.
  4. 4. BIBLIOGRAPHY  Foner, Eric. “The Meaning of Freedom.” A Short History of Reconstruction. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. 1990. 23-27. Print.  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/Pardon.htm  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/Franchise.htm  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/HRRevels.htm  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/NatColoredConv.htm  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/TimeWorksWonders.htm  http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/ElectioneeringAtTheSouth.htm  http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/05/0501001r.jpg  http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/aa19c_info.cfm?

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