Politics ben, billy, emmy

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  • Equality before the law, new group of leaders
  • Equality before the law, new leaders/voters
  • Freed black men secure basic rights (equality)
  • New generation of leaders (soldiers); Blacks identifying themselves with the nation; American identity
  • White resistance; a little bit of unevenness
  • Inclusion instead of separation; new black leaders (soldiers/preachers)
  • Politics ben, billy, emmy

    1. 1. RECONSTRUCTION PHOTO ESSAYBen Gunning, Billy Van Cleve, & Emmy Sprong
    2. 2. THESIS: FONER’S “THE MEANING OF FREEDOM” According to Foner, the African American community knew that byachieving autonomy they would set the groundwork for a new blackcommunity and a better life, centered on stabilizing their families, creatingsocial organizations (including churches and schools), attempting to obtaineconomic independence, and striving for equal rights, all in the face ofconservative white resistance.
    3. 3. THESIS: RECONSTRUCTION POLITICSAfrican Americans desired integration rather than separation withinthe political sphere in order to obtain equality before the law, which—if achieved—would lead to independence from white control.
    4. 4. BIBLIOGRAPHY Foner, Eric. “The Meaning of Freedom.” A Short History of Reconstruction. HarperCollins Publishers, Inc.1990. 23-27. Print. http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/Pardon.htm http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/Franchise.htm http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/HRRevels.htm http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/NatColoredConv.htm http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/TimeWorksWonders.htm http://blackhistory.harpweek.com/7Illustrations/Reconstruction/ElectioneeringAtTheSouth.htm http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/05/0501001r.jpg http://digital.nypl.org/schomburg/images_aa19/aa19c_info.cfm?

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